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small mucus-secreting exocrine glands at the vaginal orifice (opening to outside of the body)
outermoust layer of the two memberanes surrounding the embryo; it forms the fetal part of the placenta
Empty ovarian follicle that secretes progesterone after release of the egg cell; literally means yellow (luteum) body (corpus)
follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH)
secreted by the pituitary gland to stimulate maturation of the egg cell (ovum)
human chorionic gonadotropin (hCG)
Hormone produced by the placenta to sustain pregnancy by stimulating (-tropin) the ovaries to produce estrogen and progesterone
lips of the vagina; labia majora are the larger, outermost lips, and labia minora are the smaller, innermost lips
monthly shedding of the uterine lining. The flow of the blood and tissue normally discharged during menstruation is called the menses (latin for month)
developing sac enclosing each ovum within the ovary. Only about 400 of these sacs mature in a woman's lifetime
one of a pair of femal organs (gonads) on each side of the pelvis. Ovaries are almond-shaped, about the size of large walnuts, and produce egg cells (ova) and hormones
Ovum (plural: ova)
mature egg cell (female gamete). Ova develop from immature egg cells called oocytes.
endocrine gland at the base of the brain. It produces hormones to stimulate the ovaries
vascular organ that develops in the uterine wall during pregnancy. It serves as a communication between maternal and fetal bloodstreams.
condition in a femal of having a developing embryo and fetus in her uterus for about 40 weeks
point in the life cycle at which secondary sex characteristics appear and gametes are produced
hollow, pear-shaped muscular female organ in which the embryo and fetus develop, and from which menstruation occurs. The upper portion is the fundus; the middle portion is the corpus; and the lowermost, neck-like portion is the cervix
cul-de-sac IE: culdocentesis- a needle is placed through the posterior wall of the vagina and fluid is withdrawn for diagnostic purposes
ovary IE: oophorectomy- Oophor/o means to bear (phor/o) eggs (o/o). In a bilateral oophorectomy, both ovaries are removed
x-ray imaging of the uterus and fallopian tubes after injecting of contrast material
breast ultrasound imaging and breast MRI
Technologies using sound waves and magnetic waves to create images of breast tissue
recording images of sound waves as they bounce off organs in the pelvic region
carcinoma of the cerivs
malignant cells within the cerivx (cervical cancer) which would involve a radical (complete) hysterectomy
pelvic inflammatory disease (PID)
Inflammation and infection of organs in the pelvic region; salpingitis, oophoritis, endometritis, endocervicitis
Dermoid cyst (of the ovary)
is a cystic teratoma that contains developmentally mature skin complete with hair follicles and sweat glands, sometimes clumps of long hair, and often pockets of sebum, blood, fat, bone, nails, teeth, eyes, cartilage, and thyroid tissue.
a second receptor protein, this is found in some breast cancers and signals a high risk of tumor recurrance
Implantationof the fertilized egg in any site other than the normal uterine location
implantation of the placenta over the cervical opening or in the lower region of the uterus
abnormal condition associated with pregnancy, marked by high blood pressure, proteinuria, edema, and headache
hemolytic disease in the newborn (HND) caused by a blood group (Rh factor) incompatibility between the mother and the fetus
meconium aspiration syndrome
abnormal inhalation of meconium (first stool) produced by a fetus or newborn. if inhaled during birth, meconium can block air passages and cause the lungs to fail to expand- called meconium ileus
dilation (dilatation) and curettage (D&C)
Widening the cervix and scraping off the endometrial lining of the uterus
spontaneaous or induced termination of pregnancy before the embroy or fetus can exist on its own
chorionic villus sampling (CVS)
sampling of placental tissues (chorionic villi) for prenatal diagnosis
continuous recording of the fetal heart rate and meternal uterine contractions to reduce fetal distress during labor
in vitro fertilization (IVF)
Egg and sperm cells are combined outside the body in a lab dish (in vitro) to facilitate fertilization
breast cancer 1 & 2 - genetic mutations associated with increased risk for breast cancer
a woman's reproductive history; 2 fullterm infants, 0 perterm, 1 abortion, and 2 living children
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