40 terms

SSUSH23 (GSE)

The student will describe changes in the national politics since 1968.
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Terms in this set (...)

Gerald Ford Administration
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A republican, the first president to be solely elected by a vote from Congress. He entered the office in August of 1974 when Nixon resigned. He pardoned Nixon of all crimes that he may have committed. The Vietnam War ended in 1975, in which Ford evacuated nerely 500,000 Americans and South Vietnamese from Vietnam. He closed the war.
Roe V. Wade, 1973
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Decided that states could regulate abortions only in certain circumstances but otherwise a woman's right to an abortion was protected by her right to privacy.
University of California v. Bakke
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(white student) was rejected by the medical school that admitted minority applicants with significantly lower test scores to meet the schools quota of minority's. Bakke challenged UC Davis Medical Schools Quota: which was out of 100 students accepted, 16 had to be minorities. The Supreme Court struck down the Davis Quota and said that Bakke had to be admitted and that because the school had a "fixed number" of admissions for minority applicants, the school had violated Bakke's right to equal protection.
Affirmative Action
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A policy in educational admissions or job hiring that gives special attention or compensatory treatment to traditionally disadvantaged groups in an effort to overcome present effects of past discrimination.
Jimmy Carter Administration
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Democrative Party, The 39th President who created the Department of Energy and the Depatment of Education. He was criticized for his return of the Panama Canal Zone, and his last year in office was marked by the takeover of the American embassy in Iran, fuel shortages, and the Soviet Invasion of Afghanistan, which caused him to lose to Ronald Regan in the next election.
Ronald Reagan Administration
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Republican President, 1981-1989, who led a conservative movement against détente with the Soviet Union and the growth of the federal government; some people credit him with America's victory in the Cold War while others fault his insensitive social agenda and irresponsible fiscal policies., "Great Communicator"
Reaganomics
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1. less spending
2. less taxes
3. less rules for biz
4. less money printed (to increase value of dollar)
Iran-Contra Scandal
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Although Congress had prohibited aid to the Nicaraguan contras, individuals in Reagan's administration continued to illegally support the rebels. These officials secretly sold weapons to Iran in exchange for the release of American hostages being held in the Middle East. Profits from these sales were then sent to the contras.
Collapse of Soviet union
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A gradual process in which was characterized by many republics of the Soviet Union declaring their independence and being recognized as sovereign nation-states.
What role did Ronald Reagan play in ending the Cold War with the Soviet Union?
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Reagan threatened to use space warfare which was beyond the financial capability of USSR, so USSR negotiated denuclearization.
What role did Mikhail Gorbachev, the head of the USSR, play in ending the Cold War with the Soviet Union?
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Gorbachev instituted capitalism (Perestroika) & elections (Glasnost) in small doses.
Perestroika
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small changes USSR made toward capitalism & away from communism
Glasnost
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small changes USSR made toward free elections & away from rigged elections
What was a foreign policy challenge during President George H.W. Bush's term in office?
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Persian Gulf War
Explain the Persian Gulf War
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After Iraq's dictator Saddam Hussein invaded Kuwait, the United Nations defended Kuwait.
What was a domestic policy challenge during President George H.W. Bush's term in office?
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President Bush promised not to raise taxes, but was unable to keep that promise.
Bill Clinton Administration
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Democratic President, 42nd President advocated economic and healthcare reform; second president to be impeached; scandal with White House intern Monica Lewinsky and Whitewater business faults
budget
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money plan
deficit
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someone spending more money than they have
debt
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borrowed money
What was a domestic challenge during President Bill Clinton's term?
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President Clinton was impeached for perjury & obstruction of justice
perjury
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lying in court under oath
obstruction of justice
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interfering in a police investigation
acquitted
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jury decides not guilty
Which Presidents were impeached?
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1. Andrew Johnson
2. Bill Clinton
Who impeaches officials in the national government who are suspected of crimes?
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House of Representatives
Who puts officials in the national government who are suspected of crimes on trial?
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Senate
Who is the jury for officials in the national government who are suspected of crimes?
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Senate
Clinton's Impeachment
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he was accused of improperly using money from a land deal with the Whitewater Development Company to fund his campaign and lied under oath about having an improper relationship with a young White House intern; House of Representatives approved two articles of impeachment charging Clinton with perjury and obstruction of justice; faced trial in Senate, didn't have enough votes to convict him, remained in office and apologized
impeach
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to accuse
NAFTA
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1. North American Free Trade Agreement
2. An economic pact that combined the economies of the United States, Canada, and Mexico into one of the world's largest trading blocs.
What was a foreign policy challenge during President Bill Clinton's term in office?
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negotiating trade agreements with neighbors in North America
2000 Presidential Election
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- Bush vs. Gore; Nader was the "spoiler" in the election; Gore won the popular vote, Bush won the electoral college; Supreme Court decided a complete recount of the Florida ballots was not legal; The election proved that the electoral college empowers small states such as WV since it abandoned the Democrat Party with its 5 electoral votes which is how many Republicans won by.
911 terrorist attacks
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On September 11th, 2001, four American jets were hijacked and used as weapons against the World Trade Center and the Pentagon. On the morning of September 11th, two commercial airplanes crashed into the World Trade Towers, one into the Pentagon and the fourth into a field in rural Pennsylvania. World Trade Center Building 7 also collapsed hours after the planes crashed into the towers.
War on Terror / Operation Enduring Freedom
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Initiated by President George W. Bush after the attacks of September 11, 2001, the broadly defined war on terror aimed to weed out terrorist operatives and their supporters throughout the world.
Patriot Act
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This law passed due to 9/11 terrorist attacks. It expanded the powers of law enforcement and intelligence agencies
What are some criticisms of the Patriot Act?
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1. It empowers the gov to invade people's privacy
2. There are few checks & balances on these expanded powers
How did the 9/11 terrorist attacks affect the President's Cabinet?
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a new office was made: Department of Homeland Security
Operation Enduring Freedom: Afghanistan
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- mission by coalition of nations to remove Afghanistan's leaders called The Taliban, since they were hiding Osama Bin Laden who was responsible for 9/11 terrorist attacks
Operation Iraqi Freedom
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2003 mission by coalition of nations to remove Iraq's leader Saddam Hussein for disobeying United Nations order to hand over materials for weapons of mass destruction