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14 terms

The Ancient Greeks

STUDY
PLAY
peninsula
a body of land with water on three sides
colonies
a settlement in a new territory that keeps close ties to its homeland
polis
made up of a city and the surrounding countryside and run like a tiny independent country
agora
an open area that served as both a marketplace and meeting place
tyrant
someone who takes power by force and rules with total authority
oligarchy
a few people hold power
democracy
all citizens share in running the government
helots
captive workers in Sparta
satrapies
the 20 states into which Darius divided the Persian Empire
satrap
the official who ruled a state in the Persian Empire under Darius
Zoroastrianism
Persian religion founded by Zoroaster; taught that humans had the freedom to choose between right and wrong, and that goodness would triumph in the end
direct democracy
every citizen votes first hand on laws and policies
representative democracy
citizens choose a smaller group to make laws and government decisions on their behalf
philosophers
thinkers who ponder questions about life