Unit 7 Southwest Asia
Terms in this set (42)
Bodies of water in Southwest Asia?
Red sea, Meditterranean Sea, Black Sea, Caspian Sea, Persian Gulf, Gulf of oman, Indian Ocean, Gulf of Aden, Suez Canal, Euphrates R., Tigris R., Gulf of Suez
How much smaller is SW Asia than US?
What sea is north of Turkey?
What sea lies between Jordan and Israel?
When was a Jewish state proposed by UN?
Where is the Gaza Strip?
Which areas did Israel gain in 1967?
Sinai Peninsula, West Bank, Golan Heights
Who possesses the Sinai Peninsula today?
Which 4 countries surround Golan Heights? Who controls?
Syria, Lebanon, Israel, Jordan. Syria controls
What's the largest country in Southwest Asia?
Why is the Suez Canal important? Who controls?
Provides a way through Africa without traveling around it, Egypt.
What percentage is Kurds? Where are they?
5% live in Kurdistan between Iraq, Iran, Syria, Turkey.
What area has holy places for 3 major religions? Why is there tension?
Border of Israel/Jordan. Muslim, Christianity, Jewish. Conflicts between radically different religions
Coal, petroleum, Hydroelectric, natural gas
Which 4 countries have the highest literacy rates
Cyprus, Israel, Kuwait, Jordan/UAE
Which country has a life expectancy equal to or higher than US?
How much precipitation does the area get?
Less than 18 inches
What characterizes most of the region?
What is "Rub al-Khali"?
Large desert around the size of Texas
4 most important sand deserts?
Rub al-Khali, An-Nafud, Negev, Syrian
What are the two types of desert?
How are salt flats formed?
Winds evaporate moisture in the soil and chemical salts remain.
What kind of vegetation might one find in the semiarid regions of SW Asia?
Grass, Cotton, Wheat
What kind of animals might be found grazing on land in the semiarid zones of Turkey?
What US state has a climate similar to Turkey?
What sort of crops are suited to a Mediterranean climate?
Citrus fruits, olives, Vegetables
What countries have taken advantage of the agricultural benefits of the Tigris and Euphrates rivers?
Turkey and Iraq
What is the most critical resource in SW Asia?
Why might the distribution and use of water in SW Asia cause political disputes?
Nations will fight over it since it is a vital resource
Water is placed at the roots of plants to avoid evaporation
Water is collected from runoff from mountains, pumped into a bag
Canal is carefully maintained to provide water
Waterwheel lifts water from the river to the fields
Non renewable water pumped from underground aquifers. Too little rain to be renewable
When and why did the demand for petroleum explode
Late 1800s, with the advent of automobiles and gas powered engines (industrialization)
Difference between crude oil, refined
Crude is unprocessed, refined is processed for usage in petroleum products
Why is transporting oil risky?
Oil spills, ocean tankers pollution
Where are the largest number of oil and gas fields located
Kuwait, Saudi Arabia near the Persian Gulf
Where is a lot of the oil moved?
Ports on the Persian Gulf, Red Sea, and Mediterranean Sea.
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