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41 terms

Digestive System

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digestion
The process that breaks down food into small molecules that can be absorbed by blood is called __________.
monomers
Digestion breaks macro molecules down into __________ that can be absorbed by blood.
mechanical
When food is chewed, mixed, and churned __________ digestion is taking place.
chemical
When food is broken down by enzymes or acid, __________ digestion is taking place.
enzyme
An __________ is a type of protein that speeds up the rate of chemical reaction in your body.
enzymes
Many __________ are involved in the chemical digestion of carbohydrates, proteins, and fats.
accessory
Food does not pass through the __________ organs which include the salivary glands, liver, gallbladder, and pancreas.
mouth
The __________ is where digestion begins.
esophagus
The __________ is a muscular tube that moves food to the stomach using peristalsis, or waves of muscle contractions.
peristalsis
Food moves through your digestive system by waves of muscle contractions called __________.
stomach
In the __________, food is mechanically digested by peristalsis and chemically digested by enzymes and hydrochloric acid.
mechanically
In the stomach, food is __________ digested by peristalsis and chemically digested by enzymes and hydrochloric acid.
chemically
In the stomach, food is mechanically digested by peristalsis and __________ digested by enzymes and hydrochloric acid.
small intestine
The __________ __________ is lined with villi which increase surface area to help with the absorption of nutrients. This is where most digestion takes place.
villi
The small intestine is lined with __________ which increase surface area to help with the absorption of nutrients.
blood
Once nutrients are absorbed by the villi they are then transported to all body cells by the __________.
surface area
The small intestine contains villi which increase __________ __________ to help with the absorption of nutrients.
large intestine
The main function of the __________ __________ is to re-absorb water before eliminating solid waste.
chyme
The liquid mixture of food, water, and digestive enzymes produced by the stomach is called __________.
water
The main function of the large intestine is to re-absorb __________ before eliminating solid waste.
rectum
The __________ and anus control the release of solid wastes from the body.
Bacteria
__________ live in your large intestine and make vitamins from undigested food.
vitamins
Bacteria live in your large intestine and make __________ from undigested food.
esophagus
This picture shows which part of the digestive system?
stomach
This picture shows which part of the digestive system?
small intestine
This picture shows which part of the digestive system?
liver
This picture shows which part of the digestive system?
gall bladder
This picture shows which part of the digestive system?
large intestine
This picture shows which part of the digestive system?
rectum
This picture shows which part of the digestive system?
mouth
In the picture of the digestive system what is letter "A" pointing to?
esophagus
In the picture of the digestive system what is letter "D" pointing to?
liver
In the picture of the digestive system what is letter "F" pointing to?
gall bladder
In the picture of the digestive system what is letter "G" pointing to?
stomach
In the picture of the digestive system what is letter "H" pointing to?
pancreas
In the picture of the digestive system what is letter "I" pointing to?
small intestine
In the picture of the digestive system what is letter "M" pointing to?
large intestine
In the picture of the digestive system what is letter "K" pointing to?
appendix
In the picture of the digestive system what is letter "L" pointing to?
rectum
In the picture of the digestive system what is letter "N" pointing to?
small intestine
Where does most digestion take place?