264 terms

all literary devices

Vocabulary for RIT scores 191-200
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Terms in this set (...)

American Literature
short stories, novels, plays, and poems written by authors from the United States
analogy
A comparison of two different things that are alike in some way.
argue
present reasons and arguments
caption
A title or short description of a picture
chart
a table that lists data
climax
Most exciting moment of the story; turning point
compare
How things are alike
compare and contrast
how two things are alike or different
description
A telling in words how a person, place, thing or an event looks or behaves
detail
An individual feature, fact, description significant to the story
develop
to elaborate or expand in detail
drama
a play
entertain
The author is writing to entertain/amuse readers.
essay
A SHORT WORK OF NONFICTION DEALING WITH A SINGLE SUBJECT
example
A specific case that is used to demonstrate a general idea.
fact and opinion
a fact can be proved; an opinion is a belief and can not be supported by proof or evidence
figure of speech
A device used to produce figurative language. many compare dissimilar things. This includes hyperbole, irony, metaphor, personification, simile,
footnote
A printed note or definition placed below the text at the bottom of the page
guide words
The words at the top of a dictionary page the tell you the first and last words on that page
infer
A conclusion one can draw from the presented details.
inform
one type of author's purpose; to inform the reader about facts on a subject
Job Announcement
written statements describing duties and responsibilities of a position
labels
Descriptive text or titles for a chart, diagram, illustration, etc.
main point
A statement expressing a specific idea or theme related to the topic.
memoir
A type of autobiography that covers a short period of time in the author's life
meter
A regular pattern of stressed and unstressed syllables in a line of poetry
myth
a traditional or legendary story, usually concerning some being or hero or event,
narrator
Person telling the story
news
A daily or weekly publication of current events.
novel
A long fictional narrative written in prose, usually having many characters and a strong plot.
persuade
The author is trying to convince readers to make a decision to take physical action or think differently about a topic.
policy
A plan of action adopted by an individual or social group
purpose
the reason; The author's purpose is to: Entertain, Inform, Persuade, etc.
recipe
Directions for cooking something
resolution
End of the story where loose ends are tied up
rhythm
In poetry, rhythm is a recognizable pulse or a pattern of a beat.
rising action
The series of conflicts or struggles that build a story toward a climax
science book
a textbook about science
speaker
The "voice" used by an author to tell a story or speak a poem
stanza
A group of lines in a poem that form a single unit.
synonym
A word that means the same as another word
vocabulary
A group of words that a person knows or should know
word root
base of a word.
analogy
a comparison of two different things that are similar in some way
argue
have a disagreement about something
caption
text describing the contents of a picture, graph or chart
chart
a visual display of information
climax
turning point in the story
compare
to put things together to see how they are the same
compare and contrast
to examine and note the similarities and differences between two or more objects., finding similarities and differences between 2 things
detail
a particular fact or piece of information about something or someone
description
the act of describing something
develop
grow, progress, unfold, or evolve through a process of evolution, natural growth, differentiation
drama
a story that is written to be acted out in front of an audience.
entertain
to interest and amuse
essay
a short piece of nonfiction writing that examines a single subject
example
something selected to show the nature or character of the rest
fact and opinion
a fact can be proved; an opinion is a belief that can not be proved
figure of speech
a word or phrase that describes one thing in terms of another and is not meant to be taken on a literal level
footnote
a note at the bottom of the page used to cite references or give more information
guide words
words at the top of a dictionary page which help locate words
infer
to use available evidence to form a conclusion; an educated guess
inference
a conclusion one can draw from the presented details
inform
the author is trying to give readers information about a topic
job announcement
written statements describing duties and responsibilities of a position
labels
text that describes the data
main point
the most important fact, idea, or opinion
memoir
type of autobiography that covers a short period of time in the author's life.
meter
a pattern of stressed and unstressed syllables in poetry
myth
traditional story describing gods or heroes or explaining natural events
narrate
tells a story
novel
a long fictional story which uses all the elements of storytelling (plot, character, setting, point of view, theme).
persuade
to convince
policy
a plan of action adopted by an individual or social group
purpose
reason for doing something
recipe
directions for making something
resolution
how the problem is solved
rhythm
the pattern or beat of a poem.
rising action
the series of conflicts or struggles that that create tension to build a story toward a climax.
science book
a textbook about science
speaker
the person who is presenting an oral message to a listener
stanza
a group of lines in a poem
synonym
a word having the same or almost the same meaning as some other
topic
the main thought of a paragraph or written work
word root
the part of the word that contains its basic meaning
anthology
a published collection of writings (such as poems or short stories) by different authors
argument
series of statements typically used to persuade someone of something or to present reasons for accepting a conclusion.
British literature
literature associated with the United Kingdom, Isle of Man and Channel Islands. This includes literatures from England, Northern Ireland, Scotland and Wales.
brochure
a small, thin book or magazine that usually has many pictures and information about a product, a place, etc.
characterize
to describe the character or special qualities of (someone or something)
pamphlet
a small, thin book with no cover or only a paper cover that has information about a particular subject
reference
the act of mentioning something in speech or in writing : the act of referring to something or someone
reports
a written or spoken description of a situation, event, etc.
review
a report that gives someone's opinion about the quality of a book, performance, product, etc.
summary
using few words to give the most important information about something
viewpoint
a way of looking at or thinking about something
Advertise
words that try to persuade you to buy something or do something
almanac
A reference book with facts and lists
antonym
A word that means the opposite of another word
bibliography
A list of sources used to write a research paper
cause and effect
The reason something happens (cause) and what happens (effect).
characteristics
A feature or kind of person, place, or thing
classify
Group together based on similar traits
Conclusion
The end of the story
Conflict
A problem
definition
The meaning of a word.
describe
give a description of
encyclopedia
A book or set of books containing articles, usually in alphabetical order
fiction
A story that is not true or is made up
genre
A kind of book: fiction, nonfiction, poetry, drama
glossary
A place in the back of the book that tells the meaning of certain words in the book.
historical fiction
A fictional story that takes place in a particular time period in the past. Often the setting is real, but the characters are made up.
instructions
Directions for how to do something
invitation
Request to attend a special event or to celebrate an occasion.
legend
A story about mythical or supernatural beings or events
magazine
a publication that has essays, stories, reports, or poems by many writers. Often has photographs and drawings. About a particular topic, like hobbies, news, or sports.
manual
A book of directions
mood
Feeling the writer creates for the reader
moral
A lesson about right and wrong often stated at the conclusion of a story such as a fable.
multisyllabic
having more than one syllable
Order of events
Sequence of events or plot
Phrase
A group of words, not a complete sentence
Play
A story acted out on a stage
plot
Sequence of events in a story
poet
the author of a poem
poetry
A type of writing that expresses ideas, feelings, or tells a story. It may rhyme.
point of view
the perspective from which a story is told: first person, third person
predict
A guess of what is going to happen
reference book
a book of facts like an atlas,encyclopedia,dictionary
resource
A source used to support an author's thoughts
source
A person, book, document, website or record that provides information.
summarize
give the main point or idea in a few words
text
a book, passage, or writing
theme
A message about life or people that the writer shares with the reader.
thesaurus
A book of synonyms.
topic sentence
a sentence that states the main idea
Venn Diagram
A diagram that uses circles to compare ways things are the same and different.
acronym
a word formed from the initial letters of a multi-word name. Example MVCA (Michigan Virtual Charter Academy)
alliteration
Repetition of initial consonant sounds. Sally sought seashells by the seashore.
anecdote
A short account of an interesting or humorous incident
annotated Bibliography
A list of the sources used for research and a one paragraph summary of each source
anthology
a book or other collection of selected writings by various authors
argument
A statement put forth and supported by evidence
assumption
A belief or statement without proof.
autobiography
An account of a person's life written by that person
book review
an article describing and judging a new book based on opinion
British Literature
Literature from England or associated with the United Kingdom
brochure
a booklet or pamphlet that contains descriptive information or advertising
catalog
A list of things, people, or events.
chronological order
(Time Order) Events are arranged in the order in which they happened
conclude
(v.) to finish; to bring something to an end; to decide after careful thought
context
Context is the background information that will influence the way we understand something.
conversation
A discussion that switches from one person to another; a discussion that "turns back and forth"
dialogue
A conversation between characters
diary
A personal, daily account of an individual's experiences and feelings. Like a journal
Editorial
An article giving opinions or perspectives
evaluate
Examine and judge carefully.
exaggeration
To make an overstatement or to stretch the truth.
excerpt
A passage taken from a book, article, etc.
explain
Clarify by stating the how and why
field guide
illustrated book of plants or animals used for identification
figurative Language
Language in which figures of speech (such as metaphors, similes, and hyperbole) freely occur. Not to be taken literally.
graph
A diagram that shows how two variables are related.
graphic organizer
A visual aid to help organize information.
homonym
two words are homonyms if they are pronounced or spelled the same way but have different meanings. Ex: right & right (correct/direction)
literary device
A literary technique used to achieve a particular effect, such as descriptive language and figurative language.
literary element
The essential techniques used in literature (e.g., characterization, setting, plot, theme).
map
A two-dimensional, or flat, representation of Earth's surface or a portion of it.
middle sound
the sound in the middle of the word
pamphlet
brochure
personal essay
explores the meaning of an important experience in the writer's life.
persuasion
A kind of speaking or writing that is intended to influence people's actions.
problem and solution
a relationship that shows how a conflict or issue (the problem) is answered (the solution)
reference
a book, passage, etc., to which one is directed. A source used in a research paper.
reference material
Text containing facts and information, items that you can look at to find information: thesaurus, dictionary, internet
research
THE INFORMATION YOU GATHER SO THAT YOU CAN LEARN ABOUT A TOPIC
review
a critique or evaluation.
or
the process of going over a subject again
satire
A literary tone used to ridicule or make fun of human weakness.
scene
A smaller section of the play
secondary source
Information gathered by someone who did not take part in or witness an event
sequence
A step-by-step pattern
simile
A comparison using like or as.
speech
A talk or public address. The purpose of a speech may be to entertain, explain, persuade, or inspire.
summary
A retelling of the most important parts of what was read.
verb
A word that expresses action, a state of being or feeling, or a relation between two things
allusion
A reference to a well-known person, place, event, literary work, or work of art
appendix
A section of additional information at the end of a document.
cause
A person, thing or event that makes something happen
characterization
Actions, dialogue, and narrative description that reveal a sense of a character's personality to the reader.
characterize
to describe the character
chronological
Arranged in order of time
classified ad
a small advertisement you put in a newspaper to buy or sell something
connotation
All the meanings, associations, or emotions that a word suggests
coupon
A small paper clipping that entitles the holder to savings on a product
debate
A formal talk between people who have different opinions.
diagram
A drawing intended to explain how something works
exposition
A narrative device, often used at the beginning of a work that provides necessary background information about the characters and their circumstances.
falling action
Events after the climax, leading to the resolution
flashback
A scene or event from the past that appears in a narrative out of chronological order, to fill in information or explain something in the present.
foreshadowing
Clues in a story that suggest later events
guide letters
one or more letters at the top of the page of a reference book to guide the reader in locating the word
headline
A line of large type used to gain the reader's attention; the title of the copy or story.
hyperbole
A figure of speech in which the truth is exaggerated for emphasis or humorous effects.
idiom
A common, often used expression that doesn't make sense if you take it literally. Example: I'm in a pickle.
imagery
Description that appeals to the senses (sight, sound, smell, touch, taste)
instruction
How to do something
irony
An unexpected twist or contrast between what happens and what was intended or expected to happen.
memorandum
memo for short. A short note designating something to be remembered, especially something to be done or acted upon in the future; reminder
metaphor
A comparison without using like or as
narrate
to tell a story
onomatopoeia
A word that imitates the sound it represents.Example : Pow, Boom, Bam.
parable
a simple story illustrating a lesson
personification
A figure of speech in which an object or animal is given human feelings, thoughts, or attitudes
persuasive
Attempts to convince readers to take a specific position.
picture book
a children's story book that has lots of pictures in it
prediction
A statement of what will happen next in a sequence of events.
present tense
Means the action is happening right now. I eat cake.
primary source
Something written or spoken by someone who SAW the event
historical document
Records of historical events, such as the U. S. Constitution
pun
a play on words.
quote
to repeat words from (a book, author, etc.)
research paper
A research paper/project presents the results of investigation on a selected topic
resolve
Settle or find a solution to (a problem, dispute, or contentious matter)
revision
the act of rewriting something
subject
A subject tells what or whom the sentence is about.
suspense
Happens when the storyteller or narrator builds excitement in a scene, often prior to the climax.
thesis paper
A piece of writing that defends and proves a position made by the writer
word play
Playing on words or speech sounds; Example: An orange says to a strawberry, "You are Berry special!"
paradox
a statement or proposition that seems self-contradictory or absurd but in reality expresses a possible truth.
pathetic fallacy
The attribution of human emotions or characteristics to inanimate objects or to nature; for example angry clouds; a cruel wind.
stereotype
a generalized belief about a group of people
symbolize
when an object or event represents or stands for something
first person
told from the narrator's point of view, using "I"
second person
The narrator tells a listener what he/she has done or said, using the personal pronoun "you." This point of view is rare
sonnet
a short poem with fourteen lines, usually ten-syllable rhyming lines, divided into two, three, or four sections
third person
Point of view in which the narrator is outside the action and refers to characters as he or she
viewpoint
opinion based on one's frame of reference and perspective
symbolism
A device in literature where an object represents an idea
aphorism
A brief, cleverly worded statement that makes a wise observation about life.
consonance
the repetition of consonants (or consonant patterns) especially at the ends of words
contrast
the act of distinguishing by comparing differences
form
to compose or represent:"This wall forms the background of the stage setting"
journalism
the profession of reporting or photographing or editing news stories for one of the media
literature
published writings in a particular style on a particular subject
quotation
a passage or expression that is quoted or cited
tale
a short piece of fiction; a report that is probably untrue
term
a word or expression used for some particular thing
tone
the general atmosphere of a place or situation and the effect that it has on people
syntax
way in which words are put together to form phrases and sentences
standard English
English that is the same in all regions; formal English
iambic pentameter
10 syllables following a pattern of unstressed/stressed syllables
scansion
scanning a verse to show its meter/ rhythm
archetype
perfect example or idea/a typical pattern of human behavior or themes
parallelism
similarity of structure of two or more similar words
synecdoche
term meaning one thing is used to refer to a related thing
paradox
statement that is opposed to common sense; contradictory
oxymoron
combination of contradictory words
cliche
phrase that has become overly familiar
omniscient
all knowing
antithesis
opposition or contrast
symbolize
represent, express, or identify by a symbol
pathetic fallacy
giving human feeling and responses to inanimate things
metric feet
a set of stressed or unstressed syllables (usually 2)
stereotype
fixed image or idea about a person or group of people