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Politics of the United States
AP Gov Vocab - Legislative Branch
Key terms and amendments regarding the legislative branch
Terms in this set (90)
money that Congress has allocated to be spent
congressional committee that deals with federal spending
personal work done by a member of Congress for his constituents
Rules Committee rule that bans amendments to a bill
Senate motion to end a filibuster that requires a 3/5 vote
works out a compromise between differing House-Senate versions of a bill
the people who are represented by elected officials
a motion to force a bill to the House floor that has been bottled up in committee
nonstop Senate debate that prevents a bill from coming to a vote
Senate committee that handles tax bill
allows members of Congress to send mail postage for free
redrawing district lines to favor one party at the expense of another.
Senate maneuver that allows a Senator to stop or delay consideration of a bill or presidential appointment
House action that formally charges an official with wrongdoing. Conviction requires 2/3 vote from the Senate.
ongoing process of congressional monitoring the executive branch to ensure that the latter complies with the law
process in which Congress overturned rules and regulations proposed executive branch agencies. Struck down 1983
Line item veto
power of most governors (and President Clinton for only a few years) to delete or reduce funding in a bill on a line by line basis
Logrolling (or reciprocity)
when two members of Congress agree to vote for each other's bill
committee action to amend a proposed bill
presidential killing of a bill by inaction after Congress adjourns
wasteful congressional spending (often accomplished with earmarks)
minimum number of members needed for the House or Senate to meet
reallocation of House seats to the states on the basis of changes in state populations as determined by the census
redrawing of congressional district boundaries by the party in power of the state legislature
amendment to a bill that has little to do with that bill. Also known as a nongermane amendment. Legislation with multiple riders is known as a "Christmas tree bill."
the "traffic cop" of the House that sets the legislative calendar and issues rules for debate on a bill
tradition in which the President consults with the senators within in a state in which an appointment is to be made
tradition in which the Senator from the majority party with the most years of service on a committee becomes the chairman of that committee
the permanent congressional committees that handle legislation
laws that automatically expire after a given time
Ways and Means committee
house committee that handles tax bills
Most powerful branch in the government, at least by the framers
Governor of MA. Famous for being the namesake of "gerrymandering." that benefited his friends
Are members of the Senate as likely to win reelection as their house counterparts
The January after election day
When is each new session started
All appropriation bills start in the ______
who requires germaness of bills, the house or the senate?
what part of congress has specialists, the house or the senate?
who are foreign policy experts, the house or the senate?
who has less rules, the house or the senate?
who are generalists, the house or the senate?
who has unanimous consent agreements to ease bill passage, the house or the senate?
A closed meeting of a party's House or Senate members; also called a party conference
All the real work in congress is done by the _______
Committees have historically been of the ___________ of party members as each house
• Standing (or permanent) committees
• Special (or select) committees
• Joint and conference committees
• And a Committee of the Whole (100 members)
4 type of House Committees
these traditional "permanent" House panels are identified in House Rule X, which also lists the jurisdiction of each committee.
Select House Committees
These committees have issue-specific
jurisdictions, functions and responsibilities
that are set forth in the House Rules.
Committee of the Whole
This most important committee is composed of all House Members and is created to expedite the consideration of bills, other measures and amendments on the floor of the House.
• Standing committees
• Select (or special) committees
• Joint and conference committees
Three types of Senate Committees
Senate Standing Committees
permanent bodies with specific responsibilities spelled out in the Senate's official rules.
by relative importance, class A B and C
How are Senate committees divided
What is the maximum amount of Class A committees a senator can serve on, Class B
Select Senate committees
Senate Committees created for clearly specified purposes and, although those that currently exist are now considered permanent, they did not necessarily enjoy that status at their inception.
Can Select Senate committees be in the Class A category
These committees are composed of Members from both the House and the Senate. They smooth out differences between versions of the same bill before it goes to the President for his signature
Can anyone write a bill
2. The floor
3. The conference committee.
What are the 3 stages where a bill must survive to become a law
Speaker of the House
the principal leader of the House or Assembly.
Does the speaker of the house get to appoint committee chairs
- Schedules legislation for floor
- Plans the daily, weekly, and annual
- Consults with Members to gauge
-Works to advance the goals of the
What does the House Leader do?
- (1) assist the floor leader
- (2) ensure member attendance
- (3) count votes
- (4) generally communicate the
What doe the House Whip do
President of the Senate
a non-voting member unless a vote of the Senate ends in a tie, in which case the Vice President casts the deciding vote.
The Congress shall have power to lay and collect taxes on incomes, from whatever source derived, without apportionment among the several States, and without regard to any census or enumeration.
Establishes the direct election of United States Senators by popular vote
Tonkin Gulf Resolution
This gave the president authority to take "all neccessary measures to repel any armed attack against forces of the United States."
War Powers Act
restricted the power of the president. Required the president to consult with Congress prior to the start of any hostilities as well as regularly until U.S. armed forces are no longer engaged in hostilities
Congressional Budget and Impoundment Act
Denied the president the right to refuse to
spend money authorized by Congress
Dred Scott v. Sandford
1857 Supreme Court decision that stated that slaves were not citizens; that livig in a free state or territory, even for many years, did not free slaves; and declared the Missouri Compromise unconstitional
a process whereby congress can nullify agency regulations by a joint resolution of legislative disapproval
A procedure to keep the Senate going during a filibuster in which the disputed bill is shelved temporarily so that the Senate can get on with other business.
to set aside for a special purpose; to mark an animal's ear for identification;
An agreement by two or more lawmakers to support each other's bills for mutual gain
Drawing the boundaries of legislative districts so that they are unequal in population
the process through which a bill is referred to a second committee after the first is finished acting.
sets strict time limits on debates and forbids amendments from the floor, except those from the presenting committee. Members not on the committee have little choice but to vote for or against the bill as it is.
permits amendments and often has less strict time limits, allowing for input from other members. The Rules Committee is controlled by the Speaker, and in recent years, has put more and more restrictions on bills, giving Rules even more power.
a group of members of the United States Congress that meets to pursue common legislative objectives
a legislative bill that deals with matters of general concern
A legislative bill that deals only with specific, private, personal, or local matters.
An order from the House Rules Committee that permits certain kinds of amendments but not others to be made to a bill on the floor
rider/Christmas tree bill
bill on the Senate floor that attracts many, often unrelated, floor amendments
measure dealing with "house keeping" or procedural matters that only affect one house, makes a public declaration
measure, when approved by both houses and the president, carries the force of law
a measure expressing opinions on policies or issues
measure that must be approved by both houses, but does not have the force of law
role played by elected representatives who listen to constituents' opinions and then use their best judgement to make final decisions
a congressional voting procedure in which members stand and are counted
a congressional voting procedure in which members pass between two tellers, first the yeas, then the nays; recorded at the request of twenty members
role played by elected representatives who vote the way their constituents would want them to, regardless of their own opinions
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