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Terms in this set (30)
Articles of Confederation
The first plan of government of the United States. It gave more power to the states than to the central government.
A law passed in 1787 organizing the Northwest Territory for settlement and eventual statehood.
A revolt in 1786 of Massachusetts farmers, led by Daniel Shays, who opposed tax decisions of the state courts.
A form of government in which the people elect representatives to run the country.
A member of an elected assembly.
The meeting of twelve states' delegates in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, that replaced the Articles of Confederation with a new Constitution
A body of persons who have the power to make or pass laws.
To refuse to approve.
House of Representatives
The house of Congress in which each state's number of representatives is determined by its population.
The house of Congress in which each state has an equal number of representatives, or Senators, regardless of population.
The plan drawn up by Roger Sherman at the Constitutional Convention in 1787. It proposed the establishment of two houses of Congress.
The official body that elects the President of the United States.
The introduction to the Constitution.
A system of government in which power in the nation is shared between the central government and the state governments. The United States has a federal system of government.
The lawmaking part of government.
The part of government, headed by the President, that carries out the laws.
The part of government that decides the meaning of the laws.
The greatest authority of the judicial branch of the federal government.
checks and balances
The system that balances the power among the branches of government.
To give official approval, for example, to the Constitution or amendments to it.
A supporter of a strong federal system of government in the late 1700s.
An opponent of a strong central government in the late 1700s.
bill of rights
A formal statement of rights and liberties guaranteed the people by a state.
An addition to the Constitution.
rule of law
A state of order in which everyone must obey the law.
A system of government in which the people of the country hold the power to make the laws.
A government that only has the power to act in the areas mentioned in the Constitution.
The head of each department in the executive branch of government. As a group the secretaries are called the President's Cabinet.
The officials appointed by the President to be advisers and to head each department in the executive branch.
A group of people who share similar ideas about government.
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