World History 1 SOL PACKET
Terms in this set (182)
What scientific test do archaeologists use to date fossils and artifacts?
What is another name for the Neolithic Era?
New Stone Age
What tpes of tools were used during the Paleolithic Era?
Where did Homo Sapiens emerge between 100,000 and 400,000 years ago?
What archaeological site is located in England and was constructed between the Neolithic and Bronze Age?
Who studies past cultures by locating and analyzing human remains, fossils, and artifacts?
What is another name for the Paleolithic Era?
Old Stone Age
What did people start doing to animals during the Neolithic Era?
What was developed during the Paleolithic Era that allowed people to communicate with each other?
What did people being to make to store food in during this period?
What types of tools were used during the Neolithic Era?
What types if groups did people live in during the Paleolithic Era?
What was developed during the Neolithic Era that allowed people to stay in one place?
What did people learn to make during the Paleolithic Era that provided heat?
What type of lifestyle did people have during the Paleolithic Era (migrating in search of food, water, and shelter)?
What was created during the Paleolithic Era that have been found in paces such as Lascaux and Altamira?
What skill was developed during the Neolithic period to make cloth?
What were people during the Paleolithic era called?
On what river is the Egyptian civilization located?
What did the Sumerians call their writing?
What type of rulers did early civilizations have?
Who is considered the founder of Judaism?
What developed during the Neolithic Period around the Fertile Crescent?
What system of writing did the Phoenicians develop?
What is the belief in many gods?
On what river is the Indian civilization located?
What type of class system did early civilizations have?
In what city did Judaism originate?
What are the earliest written symbols called?
What is the holy book of Jews that contains written records and beliefs of Hebrews?
What civilization was located on the upper Nile River?
what is belief in one god?
Name one river that bordered Mesopotamia.
What is it called when people were given a specific job to do and became very good at that job?
specialization of labor
What provides Jews with the basis of their moral and religious conduct?
On what river is the Chinese civilization located?
How was Judaism spread?
What is the writing of Egyptians?
Who founded Buddhism?
What did Persians build to connect heir empire?
What group invaded India and set up a rigid caste system?
what philosophy believes humans are good, not bad and supports ancestor worship?
The sacred writing of Hinduism include the Upanishads and what other document?
What word best describes the Perisians rule of conquered people?
What are the cycles of rebirth also known as?
Other than the Himalayas, what mountain range provides protection to the Indian civilization?
What was built in China to protect it from invaders?
What facilitated trade between China and other cultures?
What system is very rigid in Hinduism and is based on occupation?
What governed China?
What religion did the Persians practice?
What religion believed in many forms of one major deity?
The two mot important rivers in India, include the Indus and what other river?
What is the belief that future reincarnation is based on present behavior?
What did Chinese rulers serve under that made them divine as long as their rule was just?
Mandate of Heaven
What is one contribution that classical China made to the world?
Under what empire did the golden age of India occur?
Who sent missionaries throughout Asia to spread Buddhism?
What do Buddhists follow?
Who established an empire from Greece to Egypt and the margins of India?
Alexander the Great
What type of democracy did Athens have?
What sea is closest to Greece?
For what is Phidias known?
On what is Greek mythology based?
What League did Athens help create?
Why did Greeks have to colonize other areas?
Under whose rule did the Golden Age of Greece occur?
What was the main focus of Sparta?
For what are Socrates, Plato, and Artistotle known?
Who were considered to be citizens and had political rights?
WHo won the Persians Wars?
Athens and Sparta
What type of government did Sparta have?
What did Greece have a limited supply of that made growing crops have?
IN what area did Herodotus and Thucydides excel?
The three different types of columns include Doric, Ionic, and which other one?
Who were Draco and Solon?
What spread under Alexander and is the blending of Greek and oriental elements?
Who wan the Peloponnesian War?
In what area did Aeschylus and Sophocles excel?
Who wrote the Illiad and the Odyssey?
Who was Alexander the Great's father?
In what area did Archimedes and Hippocrates make advances?
What building was built during the reconstruction of Athens?
In what area did Euclid and Pythagoras make advances?
GREECE: Aristocracy, Democracy, Monarchy, Tyranny (in order from earliest to latest)
2413 (mondays are terrible days)
To what city did Constantine move the capital?
Who led the Roman army into victory, seized power, and was eventually assassinated?
Who is the leader of Christianity?
Who did Rome fight in the Punic Wars?
Which Roman made advances in sciences?
What mountains protected the Italian peninsula?
What is the 200 years peace and prosperity in the Roman empire called?
What were the powerful nobility in Rome called?
Who spread Christianity?
What were the codified Roman laws called?
Who wrote the Aeneid?
Who made up the majority of the Roman population?
Where did the gladiators used to fight?
What text includes accounts of the life and teachings of Jesus?
Who was the Carthaginian general who invaded the Italian Peninsula from the north?
Who established the Roman Empire by instituting civil service, rule by law, a common coinage, and secure travel and trade throughout Europe?
Who was at the bottom of the social structure?
What type of democracy did Roma have?
What language was used in Rome?
Who adopted and legalized Christianity?
What was Jesus proclaimed to be?
What material allowed Romans to produce round building and arches?
What technological advance helped bring water form the countryside into the city?
ROME: Aristocracy, Democracy, Monarchy, Tyranny
ON what was Roman mythology based?
What slowed the spread of Christianity?
Where was the Eastern Orthodox Church centered?
On whose authority did the Eastern Orthodox Church and Roman Catholic Church disagree?
What is artwork made up of tiny pieces of glass, tile, or stones called?
Where was the Roman Catholic Church centered?
What Empire was centered in Constantinople?
What language was used in the Eastern Orthodox Church?
What were the priests allowed to do in the Eastern Orthodox Church that they could not do in the Roman Catholic Church?
Who codified Roman law in the Byzantine Empire?
What church was located in the Byzantine Empire and has a dome and towers in it?
What religion did Russia adopt?
What are religious images that are used in church called?
What language was used in the Roman Catholic Church?
What alphabet was created in Russia when the Greek alphabet was combined with the Slavic language?
What are the to divisions of Islam called?
Sunni and shi'i
What is the Arabic word for God?
What is the holy book of Islam?
What guides Muslim daily life and includes a proclamation of faith?
What is one scientific contribution of Islamic civilization?
Is Islam monotheistic or polytheistic?
What city other than Mecca is very important to Muslims?
What famous mosque is considered to be an architectural achievement?
Dome of the Rock
At what battle were the Muslims defeated by Charles Martel?
What language spread with Islam and helped facilitate trade>
Who is considered to be te prophet and founder of Islam?
Does Islam accept or reject prophets such as Moses Jesus?
Other than Asia and Africa, where else did Islam spread?
What were peasants during the Middle Ages called?
What is an estate granted by a lord to a vassal in exchange for service and loyalty known as?
What preserved Greco-Roman cultural achievements?
What group emerged as a force during the Age of Charlemagne?
Angles and Saxons
What group came from continental Europe and invaded England?
Who did the POpe anoint Holy Roman Emperor in 800 AD?
What culture was revived under the rule of Charlemagne?
What group came from Scandinavia and invaded Russia?
Who carried Christianity and Latin alphabet to Germanic tribes?
What roup came from Central Asia and invaded Hungary?
What bioldings proided protection from incaders?
What was promised ot poeple who entered into feudal agreements?
What are the lesser lords called?
What city became a center of trade and learning?
What product come from China to Persia?
What product came from West Africa?
What navigational instrument was developed in China?
What empire is located close to the Ethiopian highlands and the Nile river?
What product came from India, China, the Middle East, and later Europe
What ethnic religion is unique to Japan?
What religion did West African empires practice?
What important trade route connected Asia to the Med. basin?
What empire other than Ghana and Mali is in West Africa?
What product was traded for gold in Africa?
What navigational instrument was developed in India?
What body of water separates Japan from the Asian mainland?
sea of Japan
What prodict did CHina's technology allow them to produce which they traded to Byzantium and Western Europe?
What religion does Axum practice?
Where si aniism most often practiced?
What product came from the area around the Indian Ocean?
What type of geographic feature is Japan?
What empire is located close to the Zambezi and Limpopo rivers?
What religion spread from China to Korea and Japan?
What important achievement did the Incan civilization make that ocnneted their empire?
What city represents the Aztec civilization?
What reiligion dos the Aztec, Maya, and Incas practice?
What civilization is located in the Mexian and Central American rain forest?
On what is the economy of the Incan civilization based?
Who rule the city-states of the Mayan civilization?
What civilization is located in the arid valley in central Mexico?
On what is the economy of the Aztec civilization based?
What city represents the Mayan civilization>
Who rules the Incan civilization?
on what is the economy of the Mayan civilization based?
What civilization is located in the Andes Mountains?