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Terms in this set (37)
when was our current constitution written?
the amendment route to social change
A. is and always will be extremely limited
B. is very frequently followed
C. is hard, but has been used more than fifty times in American history
D. has never been used in America
prior to the twentieth century ,most governments relied on...... for revenue
A. tariffs, duties, and other taxes on commerce
B. local sales taxes
C. a national sales tax
D. a personal income tax
most of the constitutional amendments ratified since the Bill of Rights in 1791 have been directly or indirectly concerned with
A. due process of law
B. equal protection of the law
C. structure or composition of government
D. civil liberties
which of the following concepts best explains the underlying reason for the Bill of Rights?
A. checks and balances
B. separation of powers
C. limited government
D. rule by government
according to your text.....inevitably leads to the growth of political activity and the expansion of political participation.
B. political part
D. all of the above
......is a system of government in which states retain sovereign authority except for the powers expressly delegated to the national government.
D. separation of power
A. reserves power not granted to the states to the national government
B. reserves power not granted to the national government to states
C. prohibits Congress from restricting freedom of speech.
D. prohibits the state from interfering with the national government.
one of the key underlying themes of the original constitution was
A. recognizing the mistrust of people
B. creating three branches of government that were all democratically elected.
C. making the government as efficient as possible
D. promoting cooperation among branches of government.
3/5ths compromise dealt primary with what issues?
A. a slave would count as 3.5 of a person when determining population
B. 3/5 of the states had to ratify the current constitution
C. it now takes 3.5 vote in congress to propose constitutional amendments.
D. it now takes a 3.5 vote in congress to appoint Supreme Court justices.
which of the following constitutional provisions were meant to curb "excessive democracy?
A. checks and balances
B. direct election of members of the HOR
proponents of the idea of the "living constitution" argue that
A. the judiciary is the institution best qualified to adjust the Constitution's principles to new problems and times.
B. judges should adhere closely to the wording of the documents text.
C. states should be able to amend the constitution with majority vote.
D. Supreme Court justices should be popularly elected
the DOI and the Articles of confederation were not sufficient to hold the new nation together as an independent and effective nation-state. Which of the following statements is false?
A. central government under the AOF was powerless
B. many of the pre-and-post revolutionary radicals, small farmers, wanted a strong national government
C. many or the pre and post revolutionary colonial elite favored strong government
D. competition among the states from foreign commerce
what or who were the Publius and Brutus?
A. the pen names used in essays written defending the U.S constitution
B. names given to Alexander Hamilton and Aaron burr
C. latin terms meaning federalist
D. none of the above
since 1789 more than 11,000 amendments have been formally offered in Congress. of these, only..... were finally ratified by the states.
......is a system of government in which power is divided, by a constitutions between a central government and regional government
B. separation of powers
the United States first written constitution was
A. U.S constitution
C. league of states
D. articles of the confederation
first continental congress met in 1774. Which of the following actions did the delegates at the congress take?
A. declared independence from G.B
B. called for a total boycott of British goods.
C. elected George Washington as general of the colonial army.
D. they wrote the pamphlet Common Sense.
according to your text, which of the following statements best articulates the motives of the framers at the Constitutional convention in philly
A. u.S framers were a collection of securities
B. framers interest were reinforced
C. framers were primary interested
D. framers were most concerned about the democracy of America
by dumping the east India companys tea into the Boston harbor in the famous Boston tea party event, Samuel Adams and his followers succeeded in
A. forcing Britain to rescind the Tea Act but only that
B. forcing Britain to rescind the Tea Act stamp act and sugar act
C. goading the British into taking actions
d. unifying the shopkeepers, laborers and small farmers
which of the following statements is true about the ratification of the constitution
A. ratification of the constitution was a speedy and uncontroversial process
B. constitution was ratified in state legislatures.
C. struggle for ratification was carried out in 13 separate campaigns
D. the so-called federalist opposed ratification of the U.S constitution
A. remain a British colony
B. more decentralized government
C.more power in the hands of the national government
D. right to spit in their opponents face
under the great compromise, small states were given an advantage in the
C. electoral college
D. supreme court
power of judicial review
A. allows the senate to confirm presidential judicial appointments
B. is defined in Article 111 of the U.S constitution
C. was assumed by the Supreme Court
D. was declared unconstitutional by Chief Justice John Marshall in Marbury v. Madison
New Jersey Plan
A. gave women the right to vote.
B. settled the questions of the legality of slavery under the new constitution
C. used population to determine representation in the national legislature
D. called for each state to have equal representation in the national legislature
the constitution framers placed....ahead of all other political values
A. individual liberty
D. civil rights
the purpose of the first ten amendments was to
A. provide more power to the national government
B. provide clear limitations on the powers of national government
C. provide clear limitations on the powers of the state governments
D. limit both the national and state governments
shays rebellion was significant in that it
A. demonstrated the weakened of government under the Articles of Confederation
B. represented the first major battle of the Civil War.
C. led to renewed fighting between the colonist and the British
D. was the last battle in the Revolutionary War.
which of the following statesms is true about the 3.5 compromise
A. settled the question of how many senators each state would get
B. created a system to elect the president of the U.S
C. under this compromise, five slaves would count as three free persons in apportioning seats in the HOR
D. only 3.5 of all slaves were allowed to vote in national elections.
what is limitation (drawback) of liberty as a political principle?
A. limits on government action can inhibit effective government
B. government can use its power to allocate status and opportunity among groups
C. groups can use the political process to achieve economic and social gains
D. none of the above.
an important issue dividing federalist and antifederalist was the threat of tryanny meaning
A. generally unjust rule by the group in power
B. from the antifederalist perspective the fear of an aristocracy
C. from the federalist perspective rule buy the passions of the majority
D. all of the above
under the original, unamended Constitution, the only person elected directly by the people was/were
C. Supreme Court justices
D. members of the HOR
Connecticut plan provided for which of the following
A. HOR inhabitants and a senate consisting of two members from each state state legislatures
B. HOR inhabitants and a senate consisting of two members from each state directly elected by the people
C. unicameral legislature
D. bicameral legislature
according to the text which two important colonial groups organized together in opposition to the taxed imposed by the stamp act and the sugar act
A. N.Englad merchants and the royalist
B. small farmers and southern planters
C. new England and southern planters
D. shopkeepers, artisans, and laborers.
in general it was the ...... vision of the U.S that triumphed
virginia plan was favored by
A. small states important of population
B. large states.
C. small states treated all states equally
D. slave states.
amendement to the u.s constitution may be proposed in which of the following way
A. majority vote in both houses of congress and presidents signature
B. 2/3 vote
C. majority vote in both houses of congress and a ruling by the Supreme Court
D. constitutional convention called by 1/2 of the states legislatures
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