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Terms in this set (11)
During the 4th and 5th after Edict of Milan, Christianity flourished.
- The magisterium was in place (stable)
- St. Augustine used the philosophy of Plato: He insterted the philosophy to Christian theology
However, theological debates on two key issues:
1. The Blessed Trinity
2. christology: The Person of Jesus Christ
During this time, two competing cities, Alexandria and Antioch, were the sites of theological study and debate
Antioch is the first place where we find followers of zjesus called "Christians" and later on the Bishop of Antioch, Ignatius, refers to these "Christians" as "Catholics" around the year 107 AD. Before Christians were called "The Way".
- Catholic: universal
It's important to keep this in mind because it helps us to better understand that from the beginning. The Church has protected the teachings of Christ and the Apostles from erroneous interpretations.
The first heresies in Church history were especially dangerous since they struck at the very heart of Christianity: the figure of Jesus Christ.
- A heresy that attacked the divinity of Christ was Arianism.
- Two examples that attacked the humanity of Christ.
Arias was a priest from Alexandria who believed that a human God was impossible.
Jesus was a unique being created by the father from nothing for the purpose of saving humanity from sin.
- The Catholic counter argument is found in a Johns Prologue which states: "In the beginning was the word and the word was God and with God, and the word became flesh" /Logos-Word
The Council of Nicaea:
Called by Constantine in 325 AD
The Council of Nicaea produced a creed that answered the problems of the Arianism
The Son is "consubstantial" (equal) with the Father
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