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26 terms

Intro to PT in Rehab

Lecture 24 aug
STUDY
PLAY
Role of rehab in pt. care
Maximize independence, addressees sequelae of pathology rather than pathology itself,
Goal of PT
To restore function and reduce pain
A diagnosis in PT is...
A result from evaluation of the PT; Label/description of pt. pathology, impairments, functional limitations, disabilities, handicaps; helps guide the rest of treatment decisions
Prognosis is...
a prediction of how long it will take to reach certain goals in POC and the results
Plan of Care includes
Goals, Frequency, types of interventions and expected outcome
3 procedural interventions
Restorative interventions, compensatory interventions, preventative interventions
Procedural interventions used by PTAs
Therapeutic exercise; functional training in home, community and/or work; manual therapy; prescription, application, and fabrication for devices and equipment; airway clearance techniques; wound management; electrotherapeutic modalities; physical agents and mechanical modalities
Evidence-Based Practice
The integration of best research evidence with clinical expertise and pt. values
Pathology
disease, illness
impairment
issues with ROM or strength
functional limitations
limitations in ability to preform activities due to impairments
Health (traditionally)
free or absent from disease
Health (contemporary)
acknowledges the importance of societal, psychological, and physical functioning in the presence of disease, examines an individual's ability to carry out necessary life tasks and function within society
Disablement
The consequences of disease as they pertain to the relationship between body structures, ability to carry out tasks, and ability to function within society
ICF
International Classification of Functioning, disability, and Health
Purpose of ICF
to provide uniform standard language for describing health and health-related states; it integrates the biomedical, psychological, and social aspects of diseases and their associated disabilities so it is called a biopsychosocial model
Disability (ICF)
encompasses impairments, activity limitations, and participation restrictions
Impairment (ICF)
a problem with body function or structure such as a deviation or loss
Activity limitations (ICF)
difficulties that might be encountered by an individual attempting to complete a task or carry out an activity
Participation restrictions (ICF)
problems an individual might face while involved in life situations
Pathology (NAGI)
interruption or interference with normal process and the simultaneous body efforts to heal itself or regain a normal state
Impairment (Nagi)
a loss or abnormality of an anatomical, physiological, mental, or emotional nature
Functional limitation (nagi)
an abnormality or limitation in an individual's ability to carry out a meaningful action, task, or activity
ADL
Basic activities of Daily living (moving in bed, transferring from one surface to another, rising from a chair, ambulating, dressing, bathing)
IADL
Instrumental Activities of Daily Living (community ambulation, grocery shopping)
Disability (nagi)
the inability or limitation in performing socially defined roles and tasks that would normally be expected of an individual within a given culture or environment