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KNES 484 Exam 2
Terms in this set (50)
Blind by visual field is defined as:
Having less than 10 ft of central vision
Exercise program for diabetes
Test blood sugar levels before, during, & after with change in regular routine.
Test blood sugar levels before, during, & after with any new client.
Additional cardiovascular is needed if had type 2 diabetes for ______ years.
Progression programs with obesity
Aerobic exercise is more important program to focus on.
Program is more gradual than typical.
How many calories per week should be burned with obesity clients?
True or False: Pregnant women will overheat during exercise.
Aerobic exercise for pregnant women is measured by:
Rate of perceived exertion
Type 1 diabetes is caused by autoimmune attack to which organ?
What's NOT resistance exercise to eliminate from 2/3rd trimester exercise program?
Condition with distinct subculture
Disadvantage for weight loss in obesity clients
Central body fat distribution
What is true regarding visual impairment?
Most individuals have residual vision
Significant statistic as to why obesity epidemic is so critical?
Overweight children are more likely to become obese adults.
Symptoms that a pregnant women should decrease their exercise program?
T or F: Hearing aids cannot restore hearing within a loss of frequency hearing.
The increase in laxity that occurs during pregnancy is caused by:
High blood sugar can also be defined as:
Definition of obesity includes:
Medical condition: excess body fat accumulated to extent of adverse effects on health. BMI 30 >/=
Triathlete, 6 weeks pregnant, 2 month preparation for competition. Special considerations?
Hydration, proper weight, & monitoring intensity/volume of exercise.
What does excessive weight gain during pregnancy due to the child?
Increases child's change of heart disease
Communication with hearing impairment
-Have client study with videos or written instructions
-Maintain eye contact
-Always face person when talking
-Do nothing that hinders view of mouth
Extra clearance is needed with some form of vision loss for what activities?
High impact activities
Maladaptions with vision loss being apprehensive to environment
What trimester to start exercise program for novice pregnant women?
Considerations when training with clients needed insulin
-NO exercise with active infection/illness
-Have glucose pills/candy near by
-Time workout with actions of diabetic medications
Dosage rule for wk by wk for novice pregnant women
2-5 minute increase each week
Testing blood sugar DURING exercise required until:
Until glucose levels are
Cell membrane gate effected in # and activity:
What are other substances that open the gates?
When a Type 2 diabetes clients starts an exercise program, will they need more or less medications?
What is one of the two common etiologies for sensory-neural hearing?
Aging and loud noises.
Which lab exam gives best measurement of blood sugar levels over time? Time it represents? Ideal health %?
Exam: Hemoglobin A1C
Period of time it represents: 3 months
Ideal health percentage for people with diabetes: <7%
Suggested intensity range for aerobic exercise in obesity?
ACSM recommended minutes for aerobic endurance per week for pregnant women?
Effects of exercise on bodies response to insulin is completely gone in _____ days.
MOST important consideration for sensory neural hearing loss
Pregnant women in 2nd trimester, wants to do 4 rep max. Technique correlated? Why it's a no? RM limit?
Technique: Valsalva maneuver
No: Can induce labor due to the increase pressure in abdomen
RM limit: 8 rep max
Pre-existing guidelines for individuals with diabetic blood glucose reading of 287?
Test using for ketones. If yes, DO NOT EXERCISE until new clearance is provided by medical provider.
List & describe 3 components involved in balance
-Semicircular system can detect
-Orientation to horizontal/position
-Proprioception: Muscle spindles, GTO's, & joint mechanoreceptors
-Tactile/touch perceptions of skin: Pressure, vibration, & stretch
Describe two methods of physical contact to successfully improve form during exercises for visually impaired clients.
Braille me method: Demonstrate action while client feels your movements.
Hands on me method: Guide client through motions by passively moving benefited structures.
Why shouldn't a pregnant women lay supine after 1st trimester?
Pressure placed on inferior vena cava restricts blood flow to heart.
Using glycation, describe 2 different physiological systems that experience pathophysiology in correlation to foot health?
Glucose molecules bind with lipids or proteins, system is cardiovascular because blood flow is decreased, & neurological because there is decreased sensory response.
Describe the pathophysiology and how glycation specifically causes damage?
1) Blood glucose glycates with endothelial lining of vessels
2) Vessels wall lose normal function, become scarred, weak, & chronically inflamed
3) Vessels crack/leak proteins which slow down blood flow to that area
4) Tissue supplied by area becomes damage and eventually dies off
What are 3 reasons you would use to explain why this causes greater need for foot checks?
1) Decreased ability to FEEL injury
2) Decreased ability to HEAL post injury
3) Increased RISK for injury to occur due to having poor nervous and circulatory system
Describe 3 special considerations you need to have a safe appointment with an obese client
1) Prevention of overuse injuries: Footwear, low/no impact, & gradual progression
2) Watch & challenge balance
3) Keep 55-69& max heart rate
What should you be sure to include in a workout to combat laxity that occurs in pregnant women?
Resistance or strength training
What does visual noise mean?
Amount of action taking place around you that can be distracting
How can you avoid visual noise while in a busy gym?
You stand between corner wall and have client face you. Move to area with less objects or people.
What are 3 different ways the pathophysiology of obesity is linked to diagnostic criteria for metabolic syndrome?
1) Blood pressure of >130/85
2) Waist circumference >40 for men & >35 for women
3) Abnormal fasting glucose
What is the term used to describe failure someone might face due to inability to keep weight loss off?
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