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AP Comparative Government and Politics Russia Study Guide

Terms in this set (38)

(1) Foreign policy: CIS (Commonwealth of Indepedent States composed of 9 former republics of USSR) is weak and divided by nationality. The Crisis in Ukraine: annexed Crimea (a pro-Russia region in Ukraine) after controversial elections and decisions of President led to a coalition government in favor of EU. Relations in West are difficult, epecially with the US
(2) Terrorism: Number of acts of terror in recent years, Putin responds by strengthening the central government, which is controversial
(3) Population Issues: in recent years there has been a dramatic drop in Russia's overall population due to a low birth rate and poor health habits. Economic hardships have also contributed to this trend as well as extremely low life expectancy
(4) Recentralization of Kremlin: Putin's reform of Duma elections and selection sof regional governors are a part of recentralization of the Kremlin. The Kremlin controls the Duma with 53% of seats, tries to limit power of oligarchs, has a hand in major television stations and gs gaint Gazprom. Could be a sign of end of democratc experiemnt, repsonse to terrorism, or just alternation between reform and conservatism. Putin as PM also shows centralization of power
(5) Development of Civil Society: includes both a public and private life in which people act with respect though gov't is not watching (demo and capitalism rely on strong civil society) Russians dont' necessarily share the assumptions (value on life, liberty, and property) that civil society is based on, respond more to statism (role of strong gorvernment)