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KINES 484 Exam 3
Terms in this set (20)
More individuals are diagnosed with MS when they are:
Further away from the equator
Gaits maladaption's with MS do not include
Narrow base of support
Metabolic disease scientists are linking AD to:
Type 2 diabetes
Higher moderate exercise is only suggested for:
Best timing of exercise for Parkinson's patients:
Depends on the individual
Parkinson's patients lose balance in _______ directions the most
How many cells die before Parkinson's diagnosis?
60-80% of cells are dead
Not a special consideration for AD patients
Give individual new challenges to prevent boredom
Classic descriptors for Parkinson's tremor
Pill rolling and resting
Characteristics least responsive to exercise in Parkinson's
Tina described chin to chest resting like _______. This is called __________.
Inability for heart rate to meet demands of exercise ________ caused by __________ hormone in Parkinson's.
Chronotropic incompetence; norepinephrine
Inability to process language
Lack of ability to complete combined skills to form a task
3 items for diagnosis of dementia
1) Decreased memory
2) Decreased in other area of thinking
3) Decrease in individuals ADLs
List 4 descriptors of Parkinson's gait maladaptions and list exercises to fix problems
1) Forward leaning posture: Side step with back against wall
2) No heel strike: Heel taps off of step
3)Inability to walk and perform other task: Walk & sing to music
4) Festination (no cadence when walking): Walking with metronome and closed chain exercises
Root cause of gait pattern/primary diagnosis sign of Parkinson's
Man is doing 45 min of mod/high intensity run, notices blurred vision & foot from. What is the condition? Symptom name? Why this occurred?
Symptom: Uhthoff's phenomenon
Why occurred: Increase in body temp causes increase in neuro symptoms because the signal being sent dissipated into surrounding tissue. Due to very thin layer of myelin surrounding nerves do signal is not protected.
Why do Parkinson's medications lose effectiveness?
Receptors die so medications are not accepted
Pathophysiology of MS: Damage, Cells, Structures, Functions, & Aftermath
Where damage occurs: Brain & spinal cord
What cells attack: T-cells leak through blood/brain barrier and secrete pro-inflammatory substances
Damaged structures: Myelin & oligodendrocytes
Functions damaged: Myelin-surrounds nerves & assists with sending signals & messages, & insulates nerves. O-increase/maintain myelin in CNS
Aftermath: Messages/signals aren't sent or they are very slow, & signal dissipates into surrounding tissues.
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