How can we help?

You can also find more resources in our Help Center.

44 terms

Medical Term 6

STUDY
PLAY
Adhesion
abnormal growing together of two surfaces that are normally separated. This may occur after abdominal surgery; surgical treatment called adhesiolysis or adhesiotomy.
Anal
Pertaining to the anus
Anastomosis
an opening created by surgically joining two structures, such as blood vessels or bowel segments
Anorexia nervosa
eating disorder characterized by a prolonged refusal to eat, resulting in emaciation, amenorrhea in females, and abnormal fear of becoming obese. It occurs primarily in adolescents and young adults.
Appendectomy
excision of the appendix
Aphagia
without swallowing (inability to)
Ascities
abnormal collection of fluid in the peritoneal cavity
Barium enema (BE)
series of radiographic images taken of the large intestine after the contrast agent barium has been administered rectally
Cholangioma
tumor of the bile duct
Cholecystisis
inflammation of the gall bladder
Cholecystogram
x-ray of the gallbladder
Colonoscopy
visual examination of the colon
Colonstomy
brings part of the large intestine out through the abdominal wall
Chrohn Disease
chronic inflammation of the intestinal tract usually affecting the ileum and colon. Characterized by cobblestone ulcerations and the formation of scar tissue that may lead to intestinal obstruction.
Diverticulitis
inflammation of the diverticulum
Dysentery
disorder that involves inflammation of the intestine (usually the large intestine) associated with diarrhea and abdominal pain
Dyspepsia
difficult digestion (often used to describe GI systems such as abdominal pain and bloating)
Dysphagia
difficult swallowing
Flatus
gas in the digestive tract or expelled through the anus
Gastic lavage
washing out of the stomach
Gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD)
the abnormal backward flow of the gastrointestinal contents into the esophagus, causing heartburn and the gradual breakdown of the mucous barrier of the esophagus
Gastroscope
instrument used for visual examination of the stomach
Gavage
force feeding
Gingivitis
inflammation of the gums
Hematemesis
vomiting of blood
Hemicolectomy
excision of half the colon
Hepatitis
inflammation of the liver
Hepatoma
tumor of the liver
Ileus
obstruction of the intestine, often caused by failure of peristalsis
Ileostomy
creation of artificial opening into the ileum (through the abdominal wall creating a stoma, a mouthlike opening on the abdominal wall)
Laparoscopy
visual examination of the abdominal cavity
Palate
separates the nasal cavity from the oral cavity
Palatitis
inflammation of the palate
Pancreas
produces pancreatic juice, which helps digest all types of food and secretes insulin for carbohydrate metabolism
Peristalsis
involuntary wavelike contractions that propel food along the digestive tract
Peritoneal
pertaining to the peritoneum
Polyp
small growth
Reflux
abnormal backward flow: in esophageal reflex the stomach contents flow back into the esophagus
Sialolith
stone in the salivary gland
Sublingual
pertaining to under the tongue
Upper GI
upper gastrointestinal
Volvulus
twisting or kinking of the intestines, causing intestinal obstruction
hemi-
half
-pepsia
digestion