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Cold War, and Beyond: Colin Powell's Military Journey
These questions are based on the book American Realities: Historical Episodes from Reconstruction to the Present by J. William T. Youngs
Terms in this set (33)
Where was Colin Powell's parents born?
How did Luther Powell immigrate to the United States?
He came to America on a banana boat, a United Fruit Company steamer. He settled in Harlem, New York.
While attending the City University of New York, Colin Powell joined the ___________________.
Reserve Officers Training Corps (ROTC)
Finish this quote: "We were taught at Fort Benning, however, that American soldiers must know the reason for their sacrifices. Our GIs are not vassals or mercenaries. They are the nation's sons and daughters. We put their lives at risk only for worthy objectives. If the duty of the soldier is to risk his life..."
"the responsibility of his leaders is not to spend that life in vain."
What deeply troubling lesson did Colin Powell discover during his training at Fort Benning and other locations in the South?
He learned about being regarded as an inferior because of his color. The south was very much segregated. He received his first taste of segregation while still a cadet in ROTC. Driving home from summer training at Fort Bragg, North Carolina, he and two white cadets stopped at gas stations that featured three restrooms: men, women, and colored.
According to your Powell, was the army segregated?
President Harry Truman had ended segregation in the armed forces. There were already seasoned black officers moving up through the ranks, and Powell came to regard the army—with good reason—as the most integrated profession in America.
What was Dwight D. Eisenhower's approach for beating the Russians?
Where did the Powells live once they were transferred to Fort Bragg, North Carolina?
The only housing available for blacks was in squalid neighborhoods outside the base, but a white couple with a large house on the base urged them to move in with them—and they did. When several neighbors complained about the African American couple in the neighborhood, their hostess, as tough as she was principled, "told these people what they could do with their prejudices."
Where did Powell study the history of Vietnam and learned Vietnamese phrases?
the Unconventional Warfare Center
How did Lieutenant Powell's time in the Vietnam War come suddenly to an end?
He was wounded by a punji stake. As he was walking along a trail, his right foot dropped suddenly into a hidden hole onto a sharp object. Powell tried to continue walking but the pain became "excruciating." The punji stake, which had penetrated several inches into his foot, had been dipped in dung—a primitive agent of biological warfare—and the poison was spreading. Back at camp the medic cut away Powell's boot, looked at his purple foot, and immediately called in a helicopter to evacuate him.
What phrase was designed to make the buildup to 500,000 American soldiers in Vietnam seem innocuous, as if this were only a small increase from the 10,000 "advisors" who were the entirety of the American presence during Powell's first tour?
What was the Tet Offensive in South Vietnam?
Enemy soldiers were fighting in Saigon on the very grounds of the American embassy and beside the presidential palace; throughout Vietnam they attacked more than 100 towns. Although the Viet Cong were driven out of every place they attacked, hundreds of Americans died during the offensive, and the blow to American morale was decisive.
Where did Major Powell, serve as executive officer of a battalion within the Americal Division?
Duc Pho, Vietnam
In Vietnam _____________ ARVN troops were deserting every year.
At ______________, a platoon led by 1st Lt. William Calley of the Americal Division rounded up 347 Vietnamese men, women, and children and killed them in cold blood.
What was a White House Fellow?
A position that would enable Powell to study the American government. The competition was stiff, but Powell was chosen, and spent a year in a program that included tours of China and Russia.
What separates North and South Korea?
A demilitarized zone (DMZ)
What dangers did General Powell face in Germany as head of the Fifth Corps?
A few years before, at the Munich Olympics, terrorists had killed eleven members of the Israeli team. That was only the most dramatic of a series of terrorist incidents that made Americans nervous. The Frankfurt PX, on the base where Powell would be stationed, had recently been bombed. The Powell house near the base was surrounded by barbed wire, and soldiers manned a guardhouse at the gate twenty-four hours a day. One of the bathrooms had been converted into "an armor-plated sanctuary in which we were to lock ourselves until rescued in case of a terrorist attack."
Under whose administration, did the U.S. government embarked on a deliberate policy of outspending the Soviets in weapons development?
Why did President George Bush launch an attack on Gen. Manuel Noriega of Panama?
Noriega dealt in drugs and laundered Columbian drug money. In 1988 grand juries in Miami and Tampa indicted him for drug dealings. Panamanians went to the streets, hoping that the United States would topple Noriega. But this did not happen. When an opponent appeared to be winning a presidential election, Noriega simply called off the election. Panamanian soldiers killed an American marine at a roadblock, interrogated a navy officer who had seen the shooting, and abused his wife. President George Bush convened a White House meeting of key advisors including Colin Powell and Secretary of Defense Dick Cheney and made plans for a surprise attack by night.
The initial code name to the possible invasion of Panama was _____________, but once a real invasion was imminent the name was changed to the more ennobling phrase, ___________.
" Blue Spoon," "Just Cause"
Who was known for brutality toward his own people and for the use of chemical weapons in a war with Iran, but was considered by the United States as a useful player in achieving a balance of power in the Middle East?
What happened in the Kurdish town of Halabja?
Iraqi aircraft flew over the town and rained a deadly storm of mustard gas and nerve gas on the people. The carcasses of sheep, cattle, cats, and dogs lay in the streets alongside the bodies of men, women, and children. Their faces were waxen. In all roughly 5,000 Kurds were killed in the attack, and the State Department issued a statement condemning Saddam's use of chemical weapons.
After failing to conquer Iran, Hussein turned his attention to ___________, a smaller, oil-rich neighbor.
The United States organized a coalition of ___________ to liberate Kuwait—thirty of these eventually sent military or medical assistance.
What does NATO stand for?
North Atlantic Treaty Organization
What was the Gulf War Syndrome?
The symptoms included pain, fatigue, irritability, and nausea, and they affected many veterans of the Gulf War in France, Britain, the United States, and other coalition countries. In many cases these problems are were more debilitating than, say the loss of an arm or a leg to enemy fire. While a specific cause for the syndrome has had not been discovered, the epidemiological evidence is was clear: Veterans who served in the Gulf War suffered these symptoms far more frequently than other veterans.
Colin Powell's caution in committing forces earned him what nickname?
"The Reluctant Warrior"
What terrorist group was responsible for the hijackings and the deaths of several thousand men and women on September 11, 2001.
What country's largest newspaper, ran the headline, "We are all Americans!"
What are WMDs?
Weapons of Mass Destruction
To what organization did Powell present incorrect "intelligence" in an attempt to justifying the American invasion of Iraq?
The Republican campaign of Sen. John McCain and the Democratic campaign of Sen. Barack Obama both wanted Colin Powell's endorsement, after much consideration Powell threw his support to...?
Barack Obama. He underscored in particular a trend that had bothered him in Republican campaign, a false "charge" that Obama is a Muslim.
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