Quiz 5: Chapter 7: Digestive System
Terms in this set (135)
Major functions of digestive system
1) ingestion of food
2) digestion of food
3) absorption of nutrients
4) elimination of waste
aka sour stomach
contraction of the intestinal muscles
main function of the contraction of the intestinal muscles
allows for movement of food through the digestive tract.
what makes up nutrition
the sum of processes involved in taking in, digestion, and absorption and use of food substances by the body
the process of providing nutrition for the body
Major classes of nutrients
structures that make up the digestive tract
1) mouth 2) pharynx 3) Esophagus 4) stomach 5) small intestine 6) large intestine 7) anus
- salivary glands
part of the oral cavity that produces saliva.
It is where the digestion of carbohydrates start
essential for life and produces bile. Aids in digestion and use of nutrients
secretary organ that help utilize sugars and carbohydrates.
It produces many enzymes involved in digestion
secretes hormones and insulin
beginning of the digestive tract
finishes digestion, and absorbs the nutrients and passes it along to the large intestine
6-7 meters long
what are the components of the small intestine
1) duodenum 2) jejunum 3) ileum
components of the large intestine
beginning of the large intestine - received bolus from the ileum of the small intestine which is separated by the ileocecal valve.
large intestine or colon
divided into 4 sections
- sigmoid colons
passes into the rectum where waste products are stored until expelled from the part of the body known as the anus, which is the opening to the exterior part of the body.
Types of diagnostic test for digestive system
1) physical assessment
- mouth, pharynx, abdomen
2) systemic assessment
- inspection, auscultation, percussion, palpation
Types of diagnostic procedures for digestive system
- esophagram/ barium swallow
3) Blood tests
4) stool samples
studies how well your esophagus is working. The esophagus is the tube that carries food from your mouth to your stomach. The exam will also assess your swallowing process.
lack of appetite
abnormal increase in the proportion of fat cells of the body
absence of thirst
medical specialty relating to obesity
splitting of the lips due to riboflavin deficiency
inflammation of the gum
inflammation of the mouth
inability to swallow
fungal condition of the mouth
offensive breath resulting from poor oral hygiene
inflammation of the peridontium, the structure that supports the tooth
precancerous, slowly developing change in a mucous membrane characterized by white patches with sharply defined edges that are slightly raised
congenital defect in which there is a division of the palate
inflammation of the mucosal lining of the esophagus, caused by infection, backflow of gastric juice from stomach or irritation from a nasogastric tube
gastroesphoageal reflux disease
dysfunction that involves a backflow of the contents of the stomach into the esophagus
inflammation of the lining of the stomach
acute inflammation of the vermiform appendix
inflammation of the intestine due to an exogenous agent
stagnation of the normal flow of contents of the colon
masses of dilated veins of the anal canal that leads to rectal bleeding
inflammation of the stomach and intestines due to a viral or bacterial infection
inflammation of the large intestine
inflammation of the liver; characterized by jaundice, hepatomegaly, anorexia abnormal liver function. Five types: A-E(HXV)
yellow discoloration of the skin, the mucous membranes, and the whites of the eyes, caused by greater than normal amounts of bilirubin in the blood
chronic, progressive liver disease that is characterized by degeneration of liver cells with eventual increased resistance to flow of blood through the liver.
presence of gallstones in the gallbladder
inflammation of the pancreas
presence of calculi in the pancreas or pancreatic duct; stones
provisioning of nutrients through GI tract when ingestion and digestion not possible
nasogastric enteral feeding
tube inserted through the nose into the stomach.
Direct placement of tube by surgical incissions into esophagus, stomach or small intestine
administration of nutrients by injection
irrigation or washing out of an organ, such as the stomach or bowel
surgical fixation of the stomach
nonsurgical management of gallstones
incision in the wall of the pylorus. The lining of the pylorus bulges through the incision, opening a channel from the stomach to the small intestine.
incision of the liver
surgical removal of the pancreas.
the formation of stony concretions (calculi) in the body, most often in the gallbladder or urinary system.
enzyme that breaks down the type of sugar found in milk
n enzyme, found chiefly in saliva and pancreatic fluid, that converts starch and glycogen into simple sugars.
abnormally small amount or a deficiency of lipids in the body.
a break between two vowels coming together but not in the same syllable, as in the ear and cooperate.
split or crack (something) to form a long narrow opening. also a groove in an organ aka cleft or groove
inflammation of a salivary gland
Abnormally large size of the stomach.
excision of a segment or all of the esophagus
another word for gastrointestinal system
continuous membrane which lines the abdominal cavity and covers the abdominal organs
plastic surgery of the lips and mouth
pylorus (pyloric sphincter)
opening from the stomach into the duodenum (small intestine)
3 components of digestive system
upper GI tract
lower GI tract
upper GI tract
mouth, pharynx, esophagus, stomach
lower GI tract
small and large intestine
salivary glands, liver, gallbladder, pancreas
bile or gall
common bile duct
salivary glands, saliva
anus and rectum
body mass index
gastroesophageal reflux disease
herpes simplex virus
inflammatory bowel disease
irritable bowel syndrome
total parenteral nutrition