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48 terms

Literature fiction and nonfiction literary terms

Mr. Clancy HFRS
STUDY
PLAY
Fiction
writing that tells about imaginary characters and events. This form uses sentences and paragraphs.
Nonfiction
writing that tells about real people, places, objects, or events. This form includes sentences and paragraphs
Setting
the time and location of the events described in a literary work.
Narrator
the speaker or character who is telling the story.
Characters
refers to what someone is like - what their qualities are
protagonist
the main character in a literary work
antagonist
a character or force in conflict with a main character, or protagonist.
Point of view
the perspective from which a story is told.
First person
the events are told by a character in the story.
Third person
the events are told by someone outside the story.
Plot
the sequence of events in a literary work. The plot is the writer's plan for what happens, when it happens, and to whom it happens. A plot is built around a central conflict - a problem or struggle involving two or more opposing forces. Plot complications are events or problems that arise and make it more difficult to resolve the conflict
Theme
a central message, idea, or concern that expressed in a literary work.
Symbol
anything that stands for or represents something else.
Conflict
a problem or struggle between two or more forces
Internal Conflict
a problem within a character (character vs. self).
External Conflict
a problem or struggle between a character and an
outside force:
character vs. character
character vs. group
character vs. nature
Exposition Plot
• Exposition provides background for the story. Characters are introduces, the setting is described, and the tone is set.
Rising Action Plot
The plot "thickens" as the central conflict begins to unfold. Complications are introduced and suspense builds.
Climax Plot
is the greatest interest or suspense in the story. At this point the main character has to deal with the conflict directly. It is often the turning point, when the action reaches a peak and the outcome of the conflict is decided. The climax may occur because of a decision the characters reach or because of a discovery or an event that changes the situation. The climax usually results in a change in the characters or a solution to the conflict.
Falling Action Plot
the effects here are a result of the climax.
Resolution Plot
the character or character's problems are solved. (note: neither the character nor the reader may necessarily like or agree with how
the problems are resolved!
Confirm
show to be correct; prove to be true or valid
Determine
find out what is true; reach a conclusion
Evidence
proof in support of a claim or statement
Fact
something that is true or that has happened
Investigate
look into learn the facts; examine thoroughly
Opinion
personal view or belief
Prove
establish the truth of
Study
research or investigation into a subject
Test
method or process for proving or disproving a claim
Timidly
in a way that shows fear or shyness
Trudged
walked as if tired or with effort
Grudgingly
in an unwilling or resentful way
Ignore
pay no attention to
Exhausted
very tired
Starvation
state of extreme hunger
Escorting
going with; as a companion
Charitable
kind and generous in giving help to those in need
Distracted
unable to concentrate
Murmured
made a low continuous sound
Fascinated
strongly attracted to something interesting or delightful
Recognize
know and remember
Devoured
ate hungrily or greedily
Trotted
ran in a graceful light way
Anxiously
in a worried or uneasy way
Classified
identified as part of a group; designated
Custody
protection or supervision
Bewildered
confused by something complicated