AP Latin Important People
Terms in this set (45)
Armor-bearer of Aeneas during the Trojan War. Accompanies Aeneas when he enters Carthage and later when he visits Evander at Palladium.
Hero of the Aeneid, son of Venus and Anchises, husband of Creusa, father of Ascanius/Iulus.
King of the winds who is bribed by Juno to unleash winds to destroy Aeneas' ships and then is punished by Neptune for acting in his realm.
Queen of Latium, wife of Latinus, mother of Lavinia. Favors Turnus over Aeneas as a son-in-law. Commits suicide when she thinks her side has lost the Italian war.
Sister of Dido, persuades Dido to pursue Aeneas, holds Dido in her lap as Dido dies.
(=Iulus) Son of Aeneas. Venus puts Cupid in place of Ascanius so that Cupid can cause Dido to fall in love with Aeneas.
(=Julius Caesar Octavianus). First emperor of Rome, commissioned Aeneid, appears in scenes showing the future as a savior of Rome.
Fire-breathing monster, son of Vulcan, causes problems for the Arcadians until Hercules shows up and kills him.
Priestess who always tells the truth but no one believes her, says that the horse spells doom for the Trojans.
Boatman who takes souls across the Styx.
Son of Venus, half-brother of Aeneas; replaces Ascanius to breathe love into Dido.
Queen of Carthage. Left Tyre/Sidon in Phoenicia when her brother Pygmalion killed her husband Sychaeus. Aeneas stays with her in Carthage for one year.
King of the Arcadians, who settle on the hills that would later become the site of Rome. Helps Aeneas by sending his troops and his son to fight against Turnus and his Latin allies.
Son of Priam, greatest of the Trojan warriors at Troy; appears to Aeneas in a dream during fall of Troy and tells him to leave.
Queen of Troy, wife of Priam, urges her husband not to fight against the Greeks on account of his age.
Hero who saved the Arcadians (living at the site of the future city of Rome) from the monster Cacus. The victory is celebrated annually by the Arcadians.
African king, gave Dido land to settle. His proposal for marriage was rejected. He complains to Jupiter (=Hammo, his father) about Dido's reception of Aeneas.
Eldest Trojan after the death of Anchises. He delivers speeches to Dido and Latinus when Aeneas is absent.
Messenger of Juno, sent down to free Dido's soul from her body because she was dying "neither by fate or a deserved death."
Queen of the gods, wife/sister of Jupiter, hates the Trojans, including Aeneas because: (1) the Trojan Paris picked Venus (Aeneas' mother) over her, (2) Jupiter chose the Trojan boy Ganymede to be his cup-bearer instead of her own daughter Hebe, and (3) Aeneas' descendants will destroy her favorite city, Carthage.
An immortal nymph and sister of Turnus, who (at the instigation of Juno) disguises herself as Turnus' charioteer in a vain effort to keep Turnus from meeting Aeneas in combat.
Trojan priest of Neptune who tells the Trojans to be suspicious of the Horse. He and his sons were later killed by two snakes.
King of the Latins in Latium. An oracle told him that if his daughter Lavinia married a foreigner, their descendants would rule the world. He favors Aeneas, but war breaks out between the Trojans and Italian peoples, and Aeneas is unable to stop it.
Daughter of Latinus. Her chief suitor was Turnus until Aeneas arrived. Turnus thinks Aeneas is "stealing" Lavinia from him and concludes that Aeneas is another Paris.
Adopted son and heir of Augustus. He died young and tragically. Aeneas sees him in the underworld, and Anchises tells what a great man he would have been if he lived.
Messenger god sent by Jupiter to tell Aeneas to leave Carthage in order to found a city and fulfill his destiny.
The god of sea who calms the sea after Juno asks Aeolus to stir up a storm> The calming of the sea is compared to a statesmen calming a mob.
Son of Evander, who is entrusted to Aeneas to fight against Turnus and the Latins. He is killed by Turnus, who takes his sword belt -- an act which convinces Aeneas to kill Turnus at the end of the Aeneid.
The King of Troy. He is killed by Achilles' son Pyrrhus at an altar during the sack of Troy.
The evil brother of Dido. He secretly slew Dido's husband Sychaeus for his gold, but she found out from his ghost and fled to Carthage; Dido still feels threatened by him.
Son of Achilles. He slays Priam brutally on an altar after killing Priam's son Polites.
Rumor, described in an allegory as a divinity who spreads gossip first to Iarbas about the love of Dido and Aeneas, and then to Dido about the departure of Aeneas, and finally to Carthage about the death of Dido.
The priestess of Apollo at Cumae. She escorted Aeneas in his journey to the underworld to visit his father.
A lying Greek who pretended to the Trojans to be a deserter. He persuades Trojans to take horse into the city by pretending to be a victim of Ulysses' wiles.
Richest man in Phoenician and husband of Dido. He was murdered by Pygmalion for his gold. His ghost appeared to Dido in dreams to warn her to flee with his hidden gold.
The King of Rutulians and rival of Aeneas in Italy. He was the favored suitor of Lavinia until Latinus heard oracle saying he must marry her to a foreigner (Aeneas).
The goddess of love, mother of Aeneas (via Anchises) who frequently intervenes on her son's behalf.
The god of metal-working who forges arms for Aeneas at the behest of Venus. On the shield are depicted scenes of the future glory of Rome, with the Augustus at the Battle of Actium in the center.
Prince of Eburones. He lies to the Roman commanders to persuade them to leave their winter quarters. One camp leaves and is slaughtered. The other stays and fights until Caesar arrives.
Leader of a revolt of almost all of Gaul against Caesar, who besieges him at Alesia. He is almost Caesar's equal as a leader and orator. His surrender ends the rebellion.
Cotta (Lucius Arunculeius Cotta)
Roman legatus who wants to stay in camp when Ambiorix offers safe passage out. He loses the debate and dies in the subsequent ambush.
A prominent Helvetian who persuaded the people to leave their country and march east in search of better lands. He conspired with others to become ruler of all Gaul. His conspiracy was disclosed and brought to trial, but he suddenly died.
Pullo and Vorenus
Centurions of 11th legion who were rivals. They rescue each other when they sally from their camp to show their courage.
Sabinus (Quintus Titurius Sabinus)
Roman legatus who argues for leaving camp when Ambiorix offers safe passage. When the Romans are ambushed, he again tries to negotiate with Ambiorix and is treacherously killed
the Tenth Legion
Caesar's favorite legion