FTCE Professional Education Test 2017
Terms in this set (91)
An assessment that mimics a real-world workplace situation
Focused Learning Environment
Where students are on task the entire time and not given freetime, etc, plus the standards and objectives are always clear, yada, yada, yada, blah, blah, blah
Reflective Learning Communities
Groups of TEACHERS who meet to reflect on instructional strategies
Cooperative Learning Group
Students work toward a common goal in heterogenous groups
Repeat basic concepts orally and in unison
School Advisory Council
The principal and a balanced number of elected teachers, students, parents, and diverse community members.
Florida Consent Decree
Guaranteeing ELL students equal access to education
Words have same pronunciation but different meanings
Home Language Survey
used to identify English language learners (ELLs) when they initially enroll in a Florida school
Ignoring negative student behavior
Start with a GENERAL principle and then APPLY it to SPECIFIC situations.
Like having kids run a store and make and count change to learn how to add and subtract
require students to create something or to perform in order to be assessed.
more than one correct answer
Only one correct answer
reflect state standards and are tailored to the ability of all students
a visual display that demonstrates relationships between facts, concepts or ideas. A graphic organizer guides the learner's thinking as they fill in and build upon a visual map or diagram.
used to compare and contrast two topics
effective for developing ideas and categorizing information
used to show cause-and-effect relationships
Five Ws chart
used with a selected text to record who, what, when, where, and why
teachers record their teaching, then assess its effectiveness
used to record student behavior
a stimulus is removed when increased negative behavior is observed
Culturally responsive classroom
teacher acknowledges diverse students and finds ways for them to connect with each other and the subject matter.
Total Physical Response (TPR)
Matches specific physical movements to classroom instruction to increase student motivation and retention
Require students to read a problem, then vocalize how they will solve it
Multiple Choice Tests
Test higher order thinking skills and can test multiple concepts in a short period of time
Fill in the blank tests
Only test lower order thinking skills
Only test students understanding of a single concept
Higher level thinking skills
require designing and planning
What should computer software do?
Computer software should provide immediate feedback for the students
Measure working memory
an instructional activity in which students become the teacher in small group reading sessions; Steps are: predicting, questioning, clarifying, summarizing.
Knowledge or thinking as compared to affective or psychomotor; Also, the condition, the behavior, and the degree
Used to increase student interest and focus instruction
Input Hypothesis Model (Krashen)
Krashen claimed that linguistic competence is only advanced when language is subconsciously acquired, and that conscious learning cannot be used as a source of spontaneous language production; ELLs should be given information that is just slightly above their ability level in the second language.
Drill and Practice
Is only useful for practice of previously learned skills
assessment consisting of a portion of text with certain words removed (cloze text), where the participant is asked to replace the missing words.
c-at h-at b-at
initial stages of language acquisition
pre-production, early production, speech emergent, intermediate fluency.
Testing for mastery
If a student does not meet the benchmark set by the teacher as signifying mastery then they must be retaught
You bounce from one student's answer to another student to have them elaborate or respond
Basic, fundamental units of sound in a word
Five Big Ideas in Beginning Reading
Accuracy and Fluency with text.
an advance organizer can be an introduction to a new topic, with the goals of giving students an overview, connecting new information to what the students already know, and illustrating the organization of the new concept or information to be processed and learned
Performance based assessment
Your testing whether they can perform or DO something
learning is an active process in which learners construct new ideas or concepts based upon their current/past knowledge. Constructivism
when a student reads a word and automatically identifies it. It is not a conscious act, but happens automatically.
Used to document reading performance
Mixed level buddy pairs
High student helps a low student and both benefit and learn from it
Visual aids to learning and comprehension
Professional Development Protocol Standards
provide time during the work day to participate in professional development; be involved in a professional learning community; participate in sustained, rigorous professional development.
Limited English Proficient
Inductive thinking starts with a QUESTION, then students must find the answer through experimentation or research. However, I'm pretty ****ing sure Aristotle would disagree with this absurd Ed-speak definition.
Reading at grade level percentage
90%; 75 or below is frustration level
Who elects parents to the school advisory council?
A student is having difficulty sounding out words then immediately comprehending the meaning of the words, this is a problem with what?
require students to create something or to perform in order to be assessed
Bruner believes that teaching students to think critically is more important than teaching them basic knowledge.
Vygotsky believes that students learn best when knowledge is scaffolded through the assistance of a slightly more skilled peer in the student's zone of proximal development.
sensory-motor, preoperational, concrete operational, and formal operational.
the difference between the literal meaning of a sentence and an author's implied meaning based on the social context of the situation
Individual Needs Assessment
All Florida teachers are required to create a needs assessment. This is done by identifying gaps in student achievement, then focusing on areas in which the teacher could improve to raise student scores
Rate and pace of reading
High Affective filter
When a teacher really comes down hard on a ELL trying to use the second language
Low Affective Filter
When a teacher is very accommodating and supportive of an ELL trying to use the second language
What elements are included in an annual goal on an IEP?
the desired behavior, the conditions for the behavior, and the criteria for assessing the behavior
What's the best way to increase student engagement?
Make them curious
Piaget's stages of development
sensorimotor; pre-operational; concrete operational; formal operational
Depths of knowledge
recall and reproduction; skills and concepts; strategic thinking; extended thinking
requires students to work together to address a subject rather than to argue against each other
behaviors resulting in favorable consequences are likely to be repeated
pairs undesirable behaviors with desirable acts; basically offering a reward to get them to do something they don't want to do (because it's undesirable to them).
students construct a chart with what they know or think they know about the topic prioer to reading and THEN students return to the chart they created prior to reading to record what was learned through the reading or clear up misconceptions
An alternative to traditional highlighting of words or concepts that stand out.
type of rubric that separates the whole into categories of criteria examined one at a time.
student performance standard
examining each item on a test to determining the proportions of students selecting each answer correctly or not
the measure of consistency for an assessment instrument
from 001 to 999; useful for comparing performance across taxonomies and over time
Stages of second language acquisition
preproduction; early production; speech emergent; intermediate fluency; advanced fluency;
teacher needs to provide material that is slightly above the student's ability level in any language
Krashen Natural order hypothesis
language acquisition always follows a predictable patter and certain grammatical structures are acquired before others.
Affective filter hypothesis
emotional factors (anxiety) affect second language acquisition
Monitor hypothesis Krashen
if a student learned grammatical rules of a new langue he is able to monitor (pay attention and try to follow and understand) written and spoken language in the future
acquisition learning hypothesis
you have to learn rote grammar and vocabulary AND absorb it in an organic and immersive manner to learn a new language
students learn the language of basic interpersonal communication skills long before they acquire academic language proficiency
ability to hear that syllables and words are composed of blended phonemes
the ability to relate letters to the speech sounds they represent; it is also a teaching method
Differentiated literacy centers
leveled readers in small groups