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HIS 201 final
Terms in this set (65)
Jeffersons VP. tied in election and refused to remove his name. Implicated in the "western conspiracy". Planned a secret mission in LA territory and charged with treason. Fled to England
Served from 1801-1816. Secretary of the treasury. Balanced the budget and reduced national debt.
Marbury vs. Madison
1803. US Supreme Court case under Chief Justice Marshall
Supreme Court is final authority on constitutional law
Demand tribute money US refuses to pay. Tripoli declares war on US
Sent to buy New Orleans from French. Accepts offer and boosts US unity. Begins "the era of good feeling". Received all but one electoral vote.
Jeffersons private secretary, sent to explore territory. Bolstered US claim to Oregon. Later commuted suicide.
Traveled with lewis
Indian guide took 2 1/2 years
Western explorer, discovered Pikes peak. Increased US interest in American southwest. Later killed in war of 1812.
1. LA purchase doubled size of US
2. Lowered taxes
3. Upheld US honor in Tripoli
4. Reduced national debt
5. Democratized govt
6. Defended free speech
7. Repealed alien/sedition act
8. Rejected spoils system
Secret mission in the LA territory
Forcible enlistment of American sailors into British navy
Embargo of 1807
Prevented the US from exporting goods to any foreign country.
Non intercourse act
Opened trade to all nations but England and France
Day thomas Jefferson and John Adams died
Groups of men chosen from west/south. Chose Henry clay as speaker of house. Wanted to seize Canada
Macons bill No 2.
Replaced non intercourse act. Said if either England and France would lift restrictions US would impose an embargo on the other nation
General Harrison launched a surprise attack on shawnee brothers here. Creek and Indian defeat
Pro British opposed war
Became US admiral " we have met the enemy and they are ours"
US Victory. Prevented an invasion of new york
British victory that allowed British to sack Washington DC
Island napoleon was exiled to
Guarded the sea entrance.
Battle of new orleans
Jan. 8, 1815. Jackson faced 8000 brits.
Called old ironside defeated several British ships
Tsar Alexander 1
Russian proposed to mediate between Britain and US
J Q Adams
Of Massachusetts Nationalist. US Rep. monroes Secretary of State. Wanted to expand US territory. 1st president to be photographed.
US rep. Of Kentucky. Threw his support to Adams. Secretary of State. Ran as a national republican
Treaty of Ghent
Signed dec. 24,1814. Both sides agree to stop fighting resort conquered territories. Unanimously approved in senate
New England remained a problem. Met in secret. Called for 2/3 majority vote before embargo imposed 2/3 vote to declare war 2/3 vote to admit new states. Rejected secession. Wanted federal aid
Results of War of 1812
1. Called the 2nd war of independence
2. Britain recognized US freedom of the seas
3. New prestige for US military
4. US diplomats have greater influence
5. Federalist discredited
6. US navy strengthened
7. British Indian allies crushed
8. US accepts an independent Canada
Era of good feeling
Unity among Americans after napoleonic war
Panic of 1819
Last 35 years. Missouri admitted as a slave state. Maine admitted as a free state. No new slave states would be admitted above missouris southern boundary. Leads to abolitionist movement in north. Disputes pushes south into sectional nationalism
Jackson in Florida
Sent to restore order. Seized Spanish posts against orders. Attacked by JQA and HC
US response to Spain trying to regain South America with French help. Declared European colonization was over. No intervention of Europe in Western Hemisphere affairs. Failed in cuba
Achievements of Monroe
McCulloch vs Maryland
1819. Doctrine of loose construction. He said constitution must be reinterpreted to meet new situations
Dartmouth vs woodward
Protected private enterprise form domination by states
Cohens vs Virginia
Supreme Court can review state Supreme Court decisions
Gibbons vs ogden
1824. Only federal courts can regulate interstate commerce
Property qualifications to vote
Vermont is first state to have none of this
Developed based on universal manhood suffrage
JQA bargain with Clay
Clay threw his support to Adams and Adams makes clay Secretary of State
Linked the Great Lakes to northeast
Calhoun South Carolina exposition
The pamphlet was secretly written. Called for the nullification of the tariff
Right to disagree with any law
1. National improvement projects
2. Signed tariff bill
3. Erie Canal
4. First son of a president to become president
5. Forts president to be photographed
6. After his presidency he served in the House of Representatives until he died in 1848.
Revolution of 1828
Got the common man involved in politics
Jackson invited ordinary citizens to the White House.
South Carolina nullification crisis
Possible secession. Compromise bill gradually lower tariff.
Trail of tears
More than 100,000 Indians were forcibly removed to oklahoma
Negotiates with Spanish officials to bring 300 American families to Texas. Imprisoned for a year.
Converts to Catholicism. Sent to blow up Alamo. Disobeys and occupies Alamo and calls for more troops.
From South Carolina. Rumored that he killed his wife's lover. Took command of alamo
Former gov. Of Tennessee. Suffered a nervous breakdown. Made a new start in Texas. Houston's strategy: stretch enemy supply lines to the breaking point then attack. Sent Bowie to the Alamo.
New president of Mexico. Imprisons Stephen Austin. Declares himself dictator sends an army into Texas. Signed a document recognizing Texas independence. Later played a role in the invention of chewing gum.
Bowie occupies. Davy crocket joins the force.
James Franin occupies with 420 men
Santa Anna captured in Mexican defeat. Texas battle cry " remember the Alamo"
Mexico breaks off diplomatic relations with US. Forces fire on US troops. 1at to be photographed
Events leading to civil wars
1. Mexican war ends
2. Compromise of 1850
3. Kansas/Nebraska act- popular sovereignty
4. Republican Party forms
5. Supreme courts dred Scott decision
6. harpers ferry raid
7. Lincolns election
8. South Carolina seceded
9. Six other southern states secede
10. Firing on fort Sumter
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