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150 terms

500 Key Words for the SAT 3

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insipid
(adj) dull; flat; without sparkle or flavor
insolent
(adj) rude; haughty
insolvent
(adj) unable to pay bills; bankrupt
intermittent
(adj) occurring at intervals; periodic; not constant or continual
intractable
(adj) stubborn; immovable
intrinsic
(adj) located within the very nature of an object or person; inherent
invert
(v) turn upside down or inside out; reverse position
irascible
(adj) easily angered
irony
(n) an unexpected outcome, or the use of a word that is the opposite of its literal meaning
irresolute
(adj) indecisive; unsure
irreverent
(adj) disrespectful
jargon
(n) specialized language used by a particular group
jaundice
(n) yellow color; or, envy or resentment
jaunty
(adj) lively; perky
jeopardy
(n) the threat or possibility of danger
jettison
(v) to throw overboard; to discard
jocular
(adj) joking; playful; jesting; witty
jubilant
(adj) filled with joy
judicious
(adj) wise; making good decisions
juncture
(n) point in time, especially a crucial one; joint or connection
juxtapose
(v) to place side-by-side
kindle
(v) to start a fire; ignite; arouse
kinetic
(adj) in motion; active
laconic
(adj) quiet; of few words; terse
lament
(v) express sorrow; complain
languish
(v) lose energy or motivation; become weak or depressed
latent
(adj) existing but inactive, such as a certain quality; dormant; invisible
laud
(v) praise; worship; extol
legacy
(n) something inherited, either from an ancestor or from the past itself
lethargic
(adj) tired; sluggish; drowsy
levity
(n) lightness; playfulness; jocularity
lionize
(v) to put someone onto a pedestal; to treat with great respect
listless
(adj) tired; sluggish; lacking drive
loath
(adj) reluctant; unwilling
loathe
(v) to hate
lofty
(adj) at a great height; elevated; noble
loquacious
(adj) talkative
lucid
(adj) easy to understand; transparent; clear-thinking
ludicrous
(adj) absurd; ridiculous
lugubrious
(adj) mournful
magnanimous
(adj) big-hearted; generous; forgiving; noble
magnate
(n) a person of great power
malediction
(n) evil speech; curse
malefactor
(n) person who tries to hurt others; criminal
malice
(n) a desire to cause harm or suffering
malign
(v) to say evil or harmful things about someone; defame; vilify
malleable
(adj) able to be reshaped by force; pliable; impressionable
marred
(adj) spoiled, scratched, blemished
meager
(adj) small in amount; thin; weak
meander
(v) wander in a carefree manner; follow a winding course; ramble
mellifluous
(adj) smooth; sweetly flowing
mendacity
(n) a lie; a false statement
meticulous
(adj) very careful about details
minute
(adj) very small in size
misconstrue
(v) misunderstand; interpret incorrectly
mitigate
(v) make less severe; mollify
mollify
(v) lessen anger; soothe; placate
monologue
(n) a long, uninterrupted speech
morose
(adj) depressed
mundane
(adj) ordinary; earthly (not spiritual); practical; temporary
myriad
(adj) large number; many
negligent
(adj) careless and possibly causing harm; neglectful
nefarious
(adj) extremely evil
neophyte
(n) beginner
nocturnal
(adj) active at night
nostalgic
(adj) wishing for a return to the way things used to be; longing for the past; homesick
novelty
(n) something new or unusual
nuance
(n) slight degree; shade of difference
nullify
(v) remove or cancel all value or force; negate
nurture
(v) provide care and support; nourish; train or educate
obdurate
(adj) stubborn; unyielding
objurgate
(v) scold; castigate
obliterate
(v) remove or destroy completely; erase
obscure
(adj) hazy; unfamiliar; difficult to understand
obsequious
(adj) behaving like a meek, spineless servant; subservient; sycophantic
obsolete
(adj) no longer usable; outdated
obstinate
(adj) stubborn; refusing to be persuaded
obtuse
(adj) dull; blunt; unintelligent; lacking sharpness
obviate
(v) eliminate the need for something; make unnecessary
ominous
(adj) a sign of something unpleasant that's about to happen; inauspicious
onerous
(adj) burdensome; oppressive
optimist
(n) someone who always believes things will turn out okay
opaque
(adj) too dark or thick for light to pass through
opulence
(n) luxury; wealth; riches
opportunist
(n) someone who takes advantage of the situation
pacifist
(n) person who refuses to fight
paltry
(adj) worthless; insignificant, petty
paragon
(n) model of excellence; the best
parity
(n) equality or equivalence; balance among a group of rivals
parsimony
(n) stinginess; excessive frugality
partisan
(adj) blindly devoted to a cause or organization
paucity
(n) too few; scarcity
pecuniary
(adj) having to do with money; financial
penchant
(n) a strong liking; attraction
penury
(n) extreme poverty; destitution
perfunctory
(adj) without enthusiasm or thoroughness; routine
pernicious
(adj) destructive
perspicacity
(n) mental sharpness; keen insight; shrewdness
peruse
(v) read carefully; study in detail
pervade
(v) to spread to every part
petulance
(n) grouchiness
phlegmatic
(adj) calm; unemotional
pious
(adj) exhibiting religious devotion
pithy
(adj) to the point; concise
placate
(v) to appease; pacify; mollify
platitude
(n) dull, trite statement
plausible
(adj) believable, but not completely
pompous
(adj) filled with self-importance; arrogant; obnoxiously proud
ponderous
(adj) slow; weighty; labored
portent
(n) warning sign; omen; indication
preclude
(v) prevent; make impossible
potent
(adj) powerful
precarious
(adj) risky; uncertain
precocious
(adj) mature at a young age
predecessor
(n) an earilier occupant of a job, office, or position
predilection
(n) a preference for something
pretentious
(adj) showy; making ridiculous claims; excessively ambitious
prevalent
(adj) widely-accepted; common; prevailing
primordial
(adj) formed long ago; primitive
prodigal
(adj) wasteful, especially of money; extravagant
prodigious
(adj) very large
profound
(adj) filled with wisdom and insight; beyond the superficial; deep
profuse
(adj) in large amounts or quantities
protract
(v) extend in time or space
provoke
(v) to anger; to stir up or arouse
proximity
(n) nearness; closeness
prudent
(adj) wise; shrewd; cautious
puerile
(adj) childish
qualify
(v) to limit the meaning of a previous statement; to modify
quandary
(n) a state of confusion or doubt; dilemma
quarantine
(n) forced isolation to prevent the spread of disease
quell
(v) to calm; pacify
querulous
(adj) constantly complaining
rampant
(adj) unrestrained; widespread
ratify
(v) approve (by formal vote, for example); confirm
rebuff
(v) to ignore or reject strongly; snub
rebuttal
(n) denial or contradiction; argument; refutation
recant
(v) take back something you've said; withdraw a statement or belief
redolent
(adj) strongly scented; fragrant
recluse
(n) person who prefers to be alone all the time; someone withdrawn from the rest of society
redundant
(adj) more than what is necessary; in speech or writing, a repetition of words or ideas
recondite
(adj) hidden; difficult to understand; profound
relegate
(v) reduce or demote to an inferior place or position; banish
relevancy
(n) having a clear relationship to the matter at hand
remorse
(n) a feeling of guilty; regret; self-reproach
reprimand
(v) scold; criticize
reprove
(v) scold; criticize; disapprove of
repudiate
(v) disown; reject
reserve
(n) the ability to control your emotions and actions; self-restraint
resign
(v) give in; acquiesce; relinquish