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Ch. 28 study guide - Asteroid definitions
Terms in this set (20)
a small, rocky object that orbits the sun; most asteroids are located in a band between the orbits of Mars and Jupiter.
an event in which the shadow of one celestial body falls on another.
the thin and solid outermost layer of Earth above the mantle.
a bowl-shaped depression that forms on the surface of an object when a falling body strikes the objects surface or when an explosion occurs.
a meteoroid or any part of a meteoroid that is left when a meteoroid hits Earth.
a small body of rock, ice, and cosmic dust that follows an elliptical orbit around the sun and that gives off gas and dust in the form of a tail as it passes close to the sun.
the tiny moon of Mars
a region of the solar system that starts just beyond the orbit of Neptune and that contains dwarf planets and other small bodies made mostly of ice.
a bright streak of light that results when a meteoroid burns up in Earth's atmosphere.
a relatively small, rocky body that travels through space.
A spherical region that surrounds the solar system and contains billions?
What are the second and third stages of the moon's formation?
Differentiation and meteorite of the crust
On what moon of Jupiter did an engineer discover volcanoes by studying images from the Voyager spacecraft?
Characteristics of Ganymede and Callisto are, respectively?
a magnetic field and craters
Which of the following describe the phases of the moon?
New, Crescent, Quarter, gibbous , and full
What planet has rings that are divided into hundreds of small ringlets, each containing billions of pieces of rock and ice?
Which of the following best describes Jupiter's ring?
A single dark faint ring
The gravitational interaction of Earth, the moon, and the Sun causes...
Notable characteristics of Io and Europa are, respectively?
volcanoes and ice crust
What happens when the shadow of one celestial body falls on another?
A solar eclipse
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