Terms in this set (34)
What happens to # of WBCs when infection occurs?
What may swollen lymph nodes indicate?
What lymphocytes would be impacted if the thymus gland were not functioning?
What system transports fat soluble vitamins to the blood?
Person may choke
What could happen if epiglottis fails to close?
Exchange oxygen and carbon dioxide
What happens during respiration?
Permits passage of swallowed foods and liquids into the esophagus and conducts air to and from trachea
What substances pass through the pharynx?
Pharynx is up and larynx is down
What structures are directly above and below the epiglottis?
How is oxygen transported from the lungs (alveoli) in the capillaries?
Trachea, bronchi, lungs, bronchioles, alveoli, blood
What is the list of structures that air passes through on its way to the blood from the air outside the body?
What muscle must contract to bring air into the lungs?
What body system has the final control over breathing?
Ribs up, diaphragm down, low pressure air in
How does the contraction of the intercostal muscle impact air exchange in the lungs?
What is the name for the microorganisms that cause infectious disease?
name for microorganisms that live in sympathy with the human body?
Skin, sweat, mucus, tears
Body's nonspecific defenses against disease
Redness, swelling, heat, pain
What symptoms are included in the inflammatory response?
Mechanical barriers, skin
What is the body's most important nonspecific defense?
What type of immune response does a splinter trigger?
Pathogen enters, dilation of blood vessel, phagocyte engulfs pathogen
3 steps of phagocytosis
Respond to T-cells
Body's specific immune defenses
Produce antibodies specific
How do B-cells prevent further infection from a particular pathogen
Name for proteins that tag specific pathogens for destruction
Main working cells of the specific immune system
Which cells would be present that would make it much less likely to get a disease a 2nd time?
What type of immunity is that of antibodies gained from vaccine?
Antibodies passed from mom to son is what type of immunity?
Water balance, balance electrolytes, acid balance, blood pressure, red cell product, activation of Vitamin D
4 functions of kidneys?
Skin, large intestine, liver(maybe), and respiratory
Which organs aid kidneys in fluid excretion?
water, glucose,amino acids, and sodium
Substances reabsorbed by kidney tubules under healthy conditions
color, pH, smell, turbidity, density more than water, and sterile
Characteristics of urine produced by a healthy person
rugae and transitional epithelium
Tissue that allows bladder to expand:
external urethral sphincter
Name of voluntary sphincter fashioned by skeletal muscle at the point where the urethra passes through the pelvic floor:
Nitrogenous wastes and unneeded substances
What does urine eliminate?