Up Your Soccer IQ

STUDY
PLAY
Backs
Refers to defenders
Defender
A player who mainly works in the defensive third of the field. They are primarily focused on stopping the opposition's attackers from scoring.
Forward
A player who is responsible for most of a team's scoring. They play in front of the rest of their team (or in the attaching third of the field) where they can take most of the shots.
Fullback
A rear defender
Goalie
Abbreviation for goalkeeper
Goalkeeper
The player positioned directly in front of the goal who tries to prevent shots from crossing the goalline; the only player allowed to use their hands and arms, though only within the 18-yard penalty area.
Keeper
Abbreviation for goalkeeper
Midfielder
A player generally positioned in the middle third of the field between the forwards and defenders. Their job is to link the defense and the offense through ball control and passing. They play both an attacking role and a defensive role.
Striker
Generally the same as a forward, though it sometimes refers to a forward that is the team's primary scoring threat.
Sweeper
In some formations, a single defender that plays closest to their own goal behind the rest of the defenders; a team's last line of defense in front of the goalkeeper.
Attacking Midfielder
The midfielder that plays right behind the forwards; they support the offense by providing passes to forwards to set up goals.
Central Defender
A player who guards the area directly in front of their own goal, often considered the strongest defender.
Central Forward
A team's best-scoring forward who plays toward the center of the field.
Central Midfielder
The midfielder most responsible for organizing play in the midfield area, creating scoring opportunities for the attackers, and often a team's leader.
Defensive Midfielder
The player positioned just in front of their team's defense and often assigned to mark the opposition's best offensive player; tends to play more defense as a midfielder.
Finisher
A forward or striker who has the ability to "finish" or score when opportunities are given to them.
Halfback
Same as a midfielder
Stopper
A hybrid position created between a Central Midfielder and a Defensive Midfielder. The Stopper usually plays in the center of the midfield in front of the team's defense.
Wingers
The outside forwards and midfielders (often the fastest players and best dribblers) who play on the sides of the field. Their primary task is to provide them with accurate crossing passes so they can shoot at the goal.
Center Circle
A circular marking with a 10-yard radius in the "center" of the field from which kickoffs are taken to start or restart the game. Purpose: Simply a reference line for the referee and defenders. Defenders must be as least 10 yards away from the ball prior to start or restart.
Center Line
See Midfield line.
Center Spot
The "center" of the center circle from which kickoffs are taken to start or restart the game.
Corner Arc
An arc or quarter-circle with a radius of 1 yard located at each of the 4 corners of the soccer field. Purpose: Also a reference line, the ball must be kicked from inside this arc on a corner kick.
Corner Flag
The flag located at each of the 4 corners of the soccer field, inside the corner area.
End Line
The boundary line extending from corner to corner along its width at each end.
Goal Area
The rectangular area (20 x 6 yd. on a full-size 11v11 soccer field) marked within the penalty area (or inside the larger rectangle) and directly in front of goal. Purpose: Marks the area from which all goal kicks must be taken.
Goal Box
Same as Goal Area.
Goal Line
Same as End Line
Midfield Line
A line in the center that divides the field in half along its width and runs parallel to the goals. Purpose: Used for start and restart as well as for calling offside. A player cannot be offside on their half of the field. Also called the Center Line.
Penalty Area
The larger rectangle (18 x 44 yd. on a full size 11v11 field) in front of the goal that includes the Goal Area. Purpose: Marks both where the goalkeeper is allowed to touch the ball with his hands AND the area where harsh fouls committed by the defending team result in penalty kicks.
Penalty Arc
The arc at the top of the penalty area. Purpose: Designates how far back all players must be away from the ball while a penalty kick is being taken.
Penalty Arc (or Spot)
The mark from which penalty kicks are taken. It is 12 yards from the goal line on a full size 11v11 field.
Pitch
Another word for the field.
Sideline
Common word for the Touchline
Touchline
The line that runs along the length of each side of the field. Commonly called the sideline in other sports.
Center
Another word for Cross
Charging
A method of running at and unbalancing the player who has possession, or is attempting to gain possession of the ball; the act of using a "shoulder" against an opponent's shoulder to gain an advantage, allowed only when the ball is playable (i.e. within 3 feet).
Clearing
The act of moving the ball out of the area of one's own goal by throwing (goalkeeper only) or kicking it.
Cross
A pass from either side of the field towards the middle. It is used primarily to get the ball closer to the front of the goal. The words "center" and "cross" are used interchangeably.
Fake
A move by a player meant to deceive an opposing player. Used to gain an advantage, it is frequently used when dribbling to get past an opponent.
Feint
Another word for a Fake.
Foot Trap
The use of the foot, usually the bottom, to control a rolling or low bouncing ball.
Header
When a player passes or shoots a ball with their head.
Save
The act of a goalkeeper stopping a shot that would have otherwise gone into the goal.
Screening
Another word for Shielding.
Shielding
Used by the person with the ball to protect the ball from a defender; the ball carrier keeps their body between the ball and the defender.
Slide Tackle
A move where a player attempts to win the ball by sliding towards the ball. If the tackling player touches the ball first, he is allowed to make contact with the player controlling the ball. If the tackling player strikes the player before the ball, a foul is assessed. A tackle from behind is always a foul regardless of whether the tackler managed to get to the ball first.
Tackle
The act of taking the ball away from a player by kicking or stopping it with one's feet.
Trap
The use of one's body to slow down and control a moving ball, most often using the chest, thighs or feet.
Bicycle Kick
When a player kicks the ball in mid-air backwards and over their own head, usually making contact above waist level.
Cut Back
Dribbling the ball backwards in the reverse way of the goal in an attempt to keep possession of the ball.
Cut Down the Angle
When the goalie comes out of the goal several feet to make themselves closer and larger to an attacker. The effect is to leave the attacker less open net to shoot at.
Flick
A quick header.
Hospital Ball
A dangerous pass from one teammate to another. Instead of being crisp the pass is too soft, resulting in a pass that becomes a 50/50 ball (up for grabs) instead of one that is easily received.
Instep Drive
A shot taken with the instep of a player's foot; usually the most powerful and accurate of shots.
Instep Pass
A pass made by striking the ball with instep.
"Man On"
The call a player makes to a teammate who is closely marked by an opposing player but may not be aware of it.
YOU MIGHT ALSO LIKE...