51 terms

PARCC Prep Terms

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central idea
the key points made in a text; the main ideas
details
pieces of information that support or tell more about the main idea
evidence
facts, statements, or quotes from a text that serve to prove a claim
paraphrase
to restate in your own words
summarize
to tell the main parts of the story in a short, simple, clear way
synonym
a word that has the same meaning as another word
analyze
to study something closely to bring out deeper meaning or structure
chronological order
when events are arranged in the order or sequence in which they happened
author's intention
the message the author is trying to get across to the reader
synthesize
putting many different parts together to create something new
text features
items in nonfiction texts that help readers to better understand the information (ex: charts, diagrams, graphics)
drawing a conclusion
to make a judgment after considering all the information
theme
the author's message or lesson about life, society, or human nature inferred by the reader
distinguish
to point out differences between or among similar texts
author's purpose
the reason the author has written a text (to persuade, inform, entertain)
antonym
a word that means the opposite of another word
point of view
the perspective from which a story is told (first or third)
plot
the sequence of events in a narrative story
prompt
a question or instruction that tells you what you are supposed to write
persuade
to convince someone to take your belief into consideration and action
tone
the way the author feels about what he or she is writing
narrative
a story with a setting, plot, and characters
schema
your background knowledge about a given topic
inference
a conclusion made about someone or something based on clues provided in the text
alliteration
repetition of sounds at the beginning of words
metaphor
a direct comparison of two unlike things without the use of like or as, stated as a fact
stanza
a group of lines in a poem
mood
the emotion a reader feels while reading a text
excerpt
a shorter passage taken from a longer text
simile
a figure of speech comparing two unlike things using like or as
hyperbole
an extreme exaggeration
figurative language
phrases that have a deeper meaning than the literal meaning; used to create imagery
idiom
a common expression that doesn't make sense if you take it literally
essay
a composition of writing focused on a single topic
third person
the narrator is outside the story and makes observations about the characters
first person
the narrator is in the story and telling the story from his or her perspective
characterization
the development of a character within a story
flashback
a jump back in time during the story, often to provide the reader with important background information
setting
where and when a story takes place
foreshadowing
a warning or indication of a future event in the story
cliffhanger
when the author abruptly ends part of the story to make you want to continue reading
chapter set-up
when the author uses a quote, famous saying, dates, or some unique characteristic at the beginning of a chapter
repetition
repeating of words or phrases throughout the text to emphasize an important message about the text
symbolism
an object or action that means something more than its literal meaning
onomatopoeia
words that sound like what they mean
personification
when non-human objects, animals, ideas, or actions are given human qualities
allusion
a figure of speech that makes reference to a well-known person, event, or place (ex: I was surprised his nose wasn't growing like Pinocchio's)
thematic concept
an abstract concept or idea that a text is about (ex: love, change, power, exploration, knowledge, prejudice, education, etc.)
thematic statement
an opinion about a thematic concept that the author is attempting to teach the audience (ex: People should/should not...)
thesis
a focus statement that uses parallel structure to provide an overview of the content of an academic essay; the last sentence of an introduction paragraph
funnel method
a writing strategy for composing quality introduction paragraphs wherein the writer starts with a broad topic and narrows it down to a specific thesis
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