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FTCE Middle Grades English 5-9
Terms in this set (69)
Student's understanding of concepts and the ability to think and reason
Demonstration of knowledge; comprehension; application; analysis; synthesis; evaluation
Piaget's stage of cognitive development for middle school
Formal Operational Cognitive Development
11-15 Solve abstract problems, scientific in thinking, concerns about social issues; identity, start thinking more logically
a mental concept that informs a person about what to expect from a variety of experiences and situations
students interpret the world and experiences in terms of
their cognitive schemes, which have been developed based on previous experiences
the art of effective or persuasive speaking or writing, especially the use of figures of speech and other compositional techniques.
Text Complexity Components
Qualitative, Quantitative, and Reader & Task
Qualitative Measures Text Complexity
levels of meaning, structure, language conventionality & clarity, and knowledge demands
Quantitative Measures Text Complexity
sentence and word length and the frequency of unfamiliar words to calculate the difficulty of the text - readability measures
Reader & Task Measures Text Complexity
what the student brings to the text and the tasks that are assigned. Teachers need to use their knowledge of their students and texts to match
texts to particular students and tasks
using an object or action that means something more than its literal meaning.
short verbal accounting of a funny, amusing, interesting event or incident
makes a reference to a place, person, or event. EX: "I was surprised his nose was not growing like Pinocchio's.
employ the use of a famous concept, person or object to convey a wealth of meaning. Romeo and Juliet are an archetype of eternal love and a star-crossed love story.
the perspective or attitude that the author adopts with regards to a specific character, place or development.
the actual way in which words and sentences are placed together in the writing. Grammar
abstract ideas and principles are described in terms of characters, figures, and events with a purpose of teaching or explaining an idea or a principle. The objective of its use is to teach some kind of a moral lesson.
repetition of sounds produced by vowels within a sentence or phrase.
the step by step process wherein an author introduces and then describes a character.
the associations people make with words that go beyond the literal or dictionary definition. Many times create emotions or feelings in the reader.
repetition of sounds in quick succession produced by consonants within a sentence or phrase. Opposite of assonance
the use of the dictionary definition or literal meaning of a word.
a writer's choice of words that can include the mood, attitude, dialect and style of writing.
acts as the afterword once the last chapter is over. to add a little insight to some interesting developments that happen once the major plot is over
substitute unpleasant and severe words with more genteel ones in order to mask the harshness EX:Gone to heaven - This is a polite way to say that someone is dead, Friendly fire - This is used by the military when soldiers are accidentally killed by other soldiers on the same side
the use of components in a sentence that are grammatically the same; or similar in their construction, sound, meaning, or meter. EX: Like father, like son, Easy come, easy go.
another character in a story who contrasts with the main character, usually to highlight one of their attributes.
the author uses words and phrases to create "mental images" for the reader. helps the reader to visualize more realistically the author's writings.
the mental and emotional disposition of the author towards the subject, which in turn lends a particular character or atmosphere to the work. The final tone achieved thus is instrumental in evoking specific, appropriate responses from the reader.
any element, subject, idea or concept that is constantly present through the entire body of literature. refers to the repetition of a specific theme dominating the literary work.
introduction to a story that usually sets the tone for the story and acts as a bit of a backgrounder or a "sneak peek" into the story. typically a narrative 'spoken' by one of the characters and not from the part of the author.
making fun of a human weakness or character flaw. The use of satire is often inclusive of a need or decision of correcting or bettering the character that is on the receiving end of the satire
Stream of Consciousness
the flow of these thoughts, with reference to a particular character's thinking process. This literary device is usually used in order to provide a narrative in the form of the character's thoughts instead of using dialogue or description.
the base that acts as a foundation for the entire literary piece. links all aspects of the literary work with one another and is basically the main subject.
the perspective or attitude that the author adopts with regards to a specific character, place or development. helps the reader ascertain the writer's feelings towards a particular topic and this in turn influences the reader's understanding of the story.
A short literary composition on a particular theme or subject, usually in prose and generally analytic, speculative, or interpretative
a written account of another person's life
the history of a person's life, written or told by that person. Often written in Narrative form of their person's life.
information based on fact that is presented in a format which tells a story
This genre is stories composed in verse or prose, usually for theatrical performance, where conflicts and emotion are expressed through dialogue and action.
verse and rhythmic writing with imagery that evokes an emotional response from the reader.
the forming of mental images with strange or other worldly settings or characters; fiction which invites suspension of reality.
a story about supernatural or extraordinary people Usually in the form of narration that demonstrates a useful truth. animals often speak as humans that are legendary and supernatural tales
a kind of folktale or fable. Sometimes the stories are about fairies or other magical creatures, usually for children.
a story based on impact of potential science, either actual or imagined. set in the future or on other planets
is fiction of such briefness that is not able to support any subplots
a story that can actually happen and is true to real life.
songs, stories, myths, and proverbs of a person that was handed down by word of mouth. a genre of literature that is widely held, but false and based on unsubstantiated beliefs.
a story with fictional characters and events in a historical setting.
a humorous story with blatant exaggerations, swaggering heroes who do the impossible with an here of nonchalance.
a story that sometimes of a national or folk hero. is based on fact but also includes imaginative material.
deals with the solution of a crime or the unraveling of secrets. Anything that is kept secret or remains unexplained or unknown.
often based in part on historical events, that reveals human behavior and natural phenomena by its symbolism; often pertaining to the actions of the gods.
Strategies to teach students to speak and listen in collaboration with generating ides and assimilating knowledge
Model: thinking aloud, making connections, asking questions, visualize, make inferences
draw conclusions after gathering new information
Data Driven, Percentiles,
Content and performance driven. Running record. used to inform instruction
Analyzing Formal Assessments
Helps to better understand your students past and where changes were made and how to help them
Analyzing informal assessmens
Helps figure out where to reteach and where accommodations are needed
Sharing test outcomes with students
Use everyday language, explain the purpose of the test, talk about proposed steps
Sharing test outcomes with stakeholders
include only the most essential info, use results that lay readers can understand, avoid over-generalization, explain concepts that could be misinterpreted
Given throughout the learning process, and tracks progress
Given at end of unit, and assesses mastery of a subject
The writing process
Prewriting, Drafting, Revising, Editing, Publish
express the meaning of (the writer or speaker or something written or spoken) using different words, especially to achieve greater clarity.
the meaning of a word, phrase, sentence, or text. Literal meaning
Spelling, grammar, punctuation
The intended or implied meaning - the USE of language
THIS SET IS OFTEN IN FOLDERS WITH...
FTCE middle grades english 5-9
FTCE Middle Grades English 5-9 To review+
FTCE Middle Grades English Practice: Assessments++
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