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Government 2306 Final Review
Terms in this set (181)
Speaker of the House of Representative chosen
The House chooses their speaker
The Caddo people were known as?
"Romans of Texas"
What diet did the Karankawa have?
Which country tried to maintain a homogeneous society?
How many families moved into Texas with Stephen F. Austin?
How many people did Mexico require to live in a territory for it to obtain statehood?
The Texian populous elected ______________ as the first president of the Republic of Texas?
What country brought horses to Texas?
What was a key issue in the U.S. presidential election of 1844?
Whether Texas should be given statehood
Approximately how many people live in the state of Texas?
Texas has what type of political culture?
What is moralsitic political culture?
The belief that government should be active in promoting the public good and that citizens should participate in politics and civic activities to ensure that good
Nevada has what type of political culture?
Who were the Conservative Democrats?
Buckley v. Vaeleo
Declared that money was free speech
What is Traditionalistic political culture?
The belief that government should be dominated by political elites and guided by tradition
California has what type of political culture?
Spokesman of Burris Mills Flour Co
W. Lee O'Daniel
Who were the Blue dog democrats?
Another name for conservative Democrats mostly from the South
What was the significance of Pappy O'Daniel's campaign?
Gave voters free concert
What was unconstitutional about the impeachment of Pa Ferguson?
Speaker of the House called special session for impeachment to go forward
Who was Jim Hogg?
Named his daughter "Imma"
What was Druverger's law?
Single member district system of electing. The observation that in a single member district system of electing representatives, a two party systems will emerge
What is BCRA?
Prohibited federal parties from raising or spending soft money
What is early voting?
A procedure that allows voters to cast ballots during the two-week period before the regularly scheduled election date
What is Presidential Republicanism?
A voting pattern in which conservatives vote Democratic for state offices but Republican for presidential candidates
Who was E.J. Davis was?
-Army of armed men who answered to him
Role of Texas Ethics commision
Texas Ethic Commission
What is Precinct Chair?
The local party official, elected in the party's primary election, who heads the precinct convention and serves on the party's county executive committee
What is Buckley v. Valeo?
U.S. constitutional law Supreme Court case on campaign finance. A majority of judges held that limits on election spending in the Federal Election Campaign Act of 1971
Control of the Tidelands
1952 Republican Party
What is preclearance?
Provision under Section 5 of the Voting Rights Act of 1965 requiring any changes to election procedures or district lines to be approved by the U.S. Department of Justice or the U.S. District Court for the Districts of Columbia
What is political action commitee?
Can't coordinate with a candidate campaign
What is the Citizens United v. F.E.C?
Is a landmark U.S. constitutional law, campaign finance, and corporate law case dealing with regulation of political campaign spending by organizations.
What did Smith v. Allwright do?
Ended white primaries
Example of primary election?
A ballot vote in which citizens select a party's nominee for the general election
Poll tax efficiency depress non white voting?
-African Americans often did not utilize cash as many were share croppers
-Poll tax bill would be sent only to landowners
Maximum amount of money spent for campaign
Texas campaign finance laws are?
Very lenient compared to national campaign laws
NAFTA stands for?
North American Free Trade Agreement
What year were Blacks allowed to get married in Texas?
What is dark money?
Does not have a clear origin used by PACs
What is poll tax?
A state imposed tax on voters as a prerequisite for voting; poll taxes were rendered unconstitutional in national elections by the 24th Amendment, and in state elections by the U.S. Supreme Court in 1966
What is turnout vote?
The number of registered voters who vote
The attacks by ________________ on the transcontinental railroad
__________________ participate more in election than other groups
What is white primary?
Primary election in which only white voters are eligible to participate
Where did practice of cattle branding start?
Which amendment is not include Civil rights
What was the mandated religion underneath the Constitutions of 1824 and 1827?
What is Necessary and Proper Clause?
Article I, Section 8, of the U.S. Constitution; it provides Congress with the authority to make all laws "necessary and proper" to carry out its powers
Great equalizer to the Supreme Court
Hierarchy laws of the U.S Constitution is under
How many times has the Constitution of 1876 be amended?
After Sam Houston, is impeached, where does he go to work?
NAFTA refers to
National trade agreement
The Texas Constitution of 1861
Texans replace "The U.S. of America" with "Confederate States of America"
Constitution of Coahuila y Tejas in 1827 was underneath what government?
Beyond a reasonable doubt
A felony case can belong to which court?
What is the last resort for criminal case in Texas?
Court of Criminal appeals
Not a county-level court
Who considers indictments
What is En Banc?
All the judges on an Appellate court panel hear a case together.
Felony Criminal case punishment
Federalist system belongs to which power
What amendment restricts federal power over the states?
Most supreme hierarchy law
What is federalism?
A system of government in which power is divided, by a constitution between a central government ad regional governments
What is coercive federalism?
Federal policies that force states to change their policies to achieve national goals
How many justices are heard?
Texas Supreme Court hear
What is Layer-cake federalism?
A way of describing the system of dual federalism in which there is a division of responsibilities between the state and the national government
What is Civil Court Case?
When a party to a dispute files a complaint, and pays a filing fee required by statute
What is Enumerated powers?
They describe how a central government with three distinct branches can operate effectively.
What is "laboratories of democracy"?
A phrase that describes how a "state may, if its citizens choose, serve as a laboratory; and try novel social and economic experiments without risk to the rest of the country."
What was significance of McCulloch v. Maryland to federalism?
Is one of the first and most important Supreme Court cases on federal power derived from those listed in Article I, Section 8 (Necessary and Proper clause); Constitution can be interpreted loosely/broadly
How many Courts of Appeals are in Texas?
What is an appeal de novo?
Retrying the case for an appeal. In theses cases, higher courts completely retry cases. On appeals, higher courts simply review the law as decided by the lower courts.
What is the 10th Amendment?
Define the establishment and division of power between the Federal government and state governments. This amendment also protects these powers from both entities. This amendment was used to define the federal taxing power, federal police power, and federal regulations.
Supreme in the U.S.
What was the result of N.A.F.T.A. for workers outside of the United States in countries such as Mexico?
Worker abuses were rampant
What is the myth with immigrants having jobs
"Immigrants take American job"
What is the significance of the U.S. Supreme Court Case Graham v. Richardson?
State restrictions on welfare benefits for legal aliens but not for citizens violated equal protection clause of the fourteenth amendent.
Which portion of Arizona's SB1070 was upheld by the U.S. Supreme Court?
Section 2 (b) requires police to check the immigration status of anyone they arrest or detain
What bipartisan piece of landmark legislation did President Ronald Reagan sign into law?
1986 immigration reform and control act
What policy did President George H.W. Bush put into effect when he was president in regards to undocumented immigrants
The Family Fairness Policy
President Ronald Reagan's announcement
Minor children of parents granted amnesty by the law would get protection from deportation
What program lasted from 1942-1964)?
The Bracero Program
Which president in 1996 created welfare reforms?
The Constitution of 1876
-In the same inform and substance as the one we currently live under today
-Written in part by 40 members of the Grange
The present Constitution
Severely limits the power of the governor and other state officals
How many member are in the Texas State House?
Casino, horse races, lottery
Executive office must approve the budget before it comes binding?
The Texas House of Representative
Responsivle for the initial consideration of budgetary bills
Lieutenant Governor is over Speaker of the House because the Governor can
Break a tie
Who many members serve in the Texas Senate?
Texas House ____________; Texas Senate _______________
Who is the presiding officer in the Texas Senate?
Who is the presiding officer in the Texas House?
Speaker of the House
Public official who maintains the county tax records and collects the taxes owed to the county
County Tax Assessor/Collector
A tax on items considered undesirable or harmful, such as alcohol or tobacco.
Not a source of funding for counties for counties in Texas
What are the three types of resolutions?
Simple, Joint, Current
Control the placement of bills on one of the house calendars. Senate does not have a calendars committee
A procedure for ending a debate and taking a vote.
Bills are placed on the calendar of the committee to which they have been assigned. Failure to act on a bill is equivalent to killing it. Bills in the House can only be released from committee without a proper committee vote by a...
Require Discharge of Legislation in committees
Type of tax where the tax burden falls more heavily on lower-income individuals
Type of tax where the tax burden falls more heavily on upper-income individuals
A written estimate of the costs, savings, revenue gain, or revenue loss that may result from implementation of a bill or joint resolution.
All Bills for raising Revenue shall originate
Start in the House of Representatives
A legislative proposal that if passed by both the House and the Senate and approved by the President
Legislation becomes law
Bill and a resolution differences
Resolution lacks the force of a public law
Composed of the Speaker, Lieutenant Governor, comptroller, land commissioner, and attorney general and is responsible for redrawing the boundaries of Texas House and Senate seats when the legislature is unable to agree on a redistricting plan
Legislative redistricting board
Apportionment required in Texas
every 10 years
Not used in Texas legislative
What work do committees do on legislation?
All the above
Commonly included in the price of a product, such as cigarettes or alcohol, as well as in the price of an activity,often gambling.
Texas Legislative requirement for holding office
Same as in the U.S. Constitution
Texas Legislative meets
Last 140 days every 2 years
A tax levied on the sale of goods and services that is usually calculated as a percentage of the purchase price and collected by the seller
Oil and Natural gas in the state
Texas House requirement
Be a qualified voter
Daily stipend for Texas Legislative during session
Oil and Gas production
Gives political control to public hiring
All Funds budget
Budget that aggregates all monies flowing into the state treasury and all state spending
Pay as you go
Article III, Section 49 a
General Revenues Fund Budget
Budget composed of funds for dedicated revues that target money for specific purposes
A tax in which the tax rate remains constant regardless of the amount of the tax base
Federal Funds Budget
State budget that includes all grants, payments, and reimbursements received from the federal government by state agencies and institutions
Permanent University Fund
The Higher Education Fund
Federal monies going to a state based on state spending for a program
Special sessions in the Texas Legislative
The power of the executive to veto specific provisions (lines) of an appropriations bill passed by the legislature
Not power of presiding officer of a Legislative House in Texas
Require discharge of Legislature in committees
Power of recognition
When the President, acting for the US, acknowledges the legal existence of another sovereign state and its government
First step how a bill becomes a law
A bill is not law until properly vetted by the courts
What is Senatorial Courtesy?
The practice whereby the president, before formally nominating a person for a federal judgeship, seeks the indication that senators from the candidate's own state support the nomination; in Texas, the practice whereby the governor seeks the indication that the senator from the candidate's home district supports the nomination
What are the duties of the Attorney General?
Write executive orders for state agencies
Texas Secretary of State
Election and voters registration
What are the duties of the General Land Office?
Responsible for awarding drilling exploration rights on state land
What are the duties of the Railroad Commission?
Regulate trucking, rail freight, oil and natural oil and gas industries
What are the types of criminal cases?
Felony and Misdemeanors
Burden of proof in criminal case
Guilty beyond a reasonable doubt
Biennial revenue estimate
Comptroller of public accounts
Appeal de novo
which the appellate court uses the trial court's record but reviews the evidence and law without yielding to the trial court's rulings.
Few formal powers
Governor of Texas
Governor in judicial process
-Power to appoint judges to fill any vacancies on the bench for the time period before elections are held
Last resort for criminal cases in Texas
Court of criminal appeals
Felonies go to the
Justice of the Peace
Who grants parole?
What are the forms of punishment in felony case?
What court case restructured the Texas prison system in 1972?
Ruiz v. Estelle
What Supreme Court case suspended the death penalty in 1974?
Furman v. Georgia
What forms of death penalty was used in Texas?
What are the types of laws dealt within civil cases?
Family, Business and Right violations
In Europe, what country still uses death penalty?
Determines whether to charge a person with a crime
Payment of money to the state as an assurance that an accused person who is released from jail pending trial will appear for trial; if the accused does not appear, the bail is forfeited
When someone is released from jail and ends back into the system. Over and over again
Power to veto whole pieces of legislative
Texas Supreme Court requirements
35 years old, Citizen resident Texas, practice attorney/judge for at least 10 years
Jurors determine a guilty verdict in criminal cases with
Burden proof in civil case
Preponderance of the evidence
Government Rick Perry appointed how many?
Aim to resolve some of the legal issues before the trial begins (All)
Sunset Advisory Commission
"low tax, low service"
Most important in a judicial candidate campaign in Texas
Texas Supreme Court hears
Special Sessions by
Appearance before a judge
Judge will repeat the due process rights of the accused and set bail
Court of criminal appeals
Has automatic jurisdiction over all death penalty cases
Handles death penatly cases
Court of criminal cases
Texas Supreme Court and Court of Criminal Appeals have appellate jurisdiction
Review the decisions of lower courts to determine whether legal principles and court procedures were followed correctly
Texas State Board of Education
Setting the policy for public education 5-12
Used to maintain high conviction rates is a(n)
Plea bargain between the defendant and the state
Will not lose rights
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