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Laid the foundations of cartography; established three primary continents: Asia, Europe, and Libya (Africa).
Greek historian -- took Anaximander's map and wrote about countries and inhabitants of the unknown world.
Made an accurate computation of Earth's circumference; his calculation was 175km too long; he coined the term "geography".
Ptolemy of Egypt
Cartography who published "Guide to Geography" -- rough maps of the landmasses as well as a grid system.
Center of development; developed gunpowder, an advanced writing system, etc.; closed itself off to other countries.
Law of Retarding Lead
Civilizations that are more advanced eventually fall behind because they feel they have nothing to learn from other countries; later they need to catch up with others.
Explorer; fascinated others with his stories of other cultures (gems, textiles, spices, etc.) and inspired a new wave of explorers.
First world map that accurately identifies seven continents; universities in Europe start teaching geography as a formal discipline.
Culture is direct product of environment; theory was rejected in 1930s for being prejudiced.
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