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22 terms

AP Human Geography Unit 1 Test

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Human Geography
The relationship between place and life.
Babylonians
Drew oldest surviving maps on clay tablets.
Cartography
Science of map making.
Trade
People needed to know trade routes; therefore, the use of cartography emerged.
Greeks
Laid the foundations of cartography; established three primary continents: Asia, Europe, and Libya (Africa).
Anaximander
Greek cartographer credited with making the first map.
Hecataeus
Greek historian -- took Anaximander's map and wrote about countries and inhabitants of the unknown world.
Eratosthenes
Made an accurate computation of Earth's circumference; his calculation was 175km too long; he coined the term "geography".
Aristotle, Sacrates, Plato
Greek philosophers who believed the earth was round.
Aristotle
Noticed during an eclipse that Earth cast a circular shadow on the moon.
Ptolemy of Egypt
Cartography who published "Guide to Geography" -- rough maps of the landmasses as well as a grid system.
Phei Hsiu
Created first map of China.
Zheng He
Chinese explorer rumored to have reached the U.S .West Coast 72 years before Columbus.
China
Center of development; developed gunpowder, an advanced writing system, etc.; closed itself off to other countries.
Law of Retarding Lead
Civilizations that are more advanced eventually fall behind because they feel they have nothing to learn from other countries; later they need to catch up with others.
Muslim scholars
During Middle Ages, built upon Greek and Roman geographical knowledge.
Middle Ages (in Europe)
Europe closed itself off.
Renaissance
Age of Exploration.
Marco Polo
Explorer; fascinated others with his stories of other cultures (gems, textiles, spices, etc.) and inspired a new wave of explorers.
Gerardus Mercator
First world map that accurately identifies seven continents; universities in Europe start teaching geography as a formal discipline.
Environmental Determinism
Culture is direct product of environment; theory was rejected in 1930s for being prejudiced.
Possibilism
Possiblist approach; humans are not products of their environment but possess the skills necessary to modify their environment to fit their needs.