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STAAR United States History- Significant People
Terms in this set (71)
Founded Hull House in Chicago to help poor immigrants, part of social reform movements
Susan B. Anthony
Advocated for women's suffrage
Awarded several top military honors in WWII, including the Medal of Honor
Awarded the Medal of Honor for saving fellow soldiers in Vietnam War
The Black Panthers
Radical group in the 1960s who advocated armed self-defense and revolution to end black oppression. More militant than MLK and other civil rights leaders but also established daycare centers, medical clinics, etc.
**Commanded 1st US Army during D-Day Invasion, lead liberation of Paris, won the Battle of the Bulge
William Jennings Bryan
Important Politician of the time, supported prohibition, women's rights, income tax. Gave famous "Cross of Gold" speech attaching tariffs. Prosecuted John Scopes in the "Monkey Trial" for teaching evolution.
Accumulated huge wealthy in the railroad and steel industry, used the Bessemer process to create steel. Developed "Gospel of Wealth" doctrine in which he believed it was the duty of the wealthy to use their money to improve the conditions for all.
Founding Father. Signed the Declaration of Independence.
**Fought discrimination against migrant workers and Hispanics. Founded the United Farm Workers Organizing Committee union.
42nd President, Democrat. Third President to be impeached. Was acquitted by the Senate.
First Lady of President Bill Clinton. Only first lady to be elected to a position in the US government after being First Lady. Came the closest to winning a presidential nomination of any woman in history. Served as Secretary of State under President Obama.
"Father of Naval Aviation" and "Founder of the American Aircraft Industry"
Famous defense attorney. Most famous for defending Science teacher John Scopes for teaching evolution in his biology class in TN.
Alexis de Tocqueville
**French political thinker and historian who came to the US to study our political and social nature. Identified 5 characteristics that sets Americans apart: liberty, egalitarianism, individualism, populism, laissez-faire.
Negotiated the annexation of Hawaii to the US in 1898. Served as President of the Provisional Government of the Republic of Hawaii after Queen Liliuokalani was overthrown.
Early civil rights leader, Published "The Souls of Black Folks" in 1903 and helped found the NAACP in 1909. Advocated for Pan-Africanism (all African descent people should fight oppression together), eventually left NAACP and believed in black separatism.
**34th President. Prior to Presidency, served in WWII as commander of Allied Forces in North Africa, Sicily, and Italy. Promoted to General after D Day. Created the Interstate Highway System as President.
Governor of Arkansas who supported segregation. Used Arkansas National Guard to prevent students from integrating Little Rock High School. President Eisenhower sent army troops to enforce court ordered desegregation and to protect the first 9 African American students.
The Flying Tigers
**Americans who volunteered to serve as pilots fighting the Japanese in China prior to the US entering the war.
founder of Ford Motors, innovated the auto industry with the assembly line and invented the Model T and Model A cars, with an affordable price
**wrote The Feminine Mystic, co-founded NOW (National Organization of Women)
Hector P. Garcia
**Mexican American physician and civil rights advocate; Dr. Garcia organized the American G.I. Forum (1948) initially to improve veteran benefits and enhance medical attention, but it soon expanded to address educational and vocational training, housing, public education, poll taxation, voter registration, hospitalization, and employment.
publisher, journalist, and Black Nationalist; founder of the Universal Negro Improvement Association and African Communities League
developed a small software business in his garage that eventually employed numerous Americans and set the standard in computer software
United States Senator from Arizona (1953-1965, 1969-1987) and the Republican Party's nominee for President in the 1964 election, retired from the Senate in the mid 1980s - Considered one of the founders of the modern Conservative movement
a powerful evangelical preacher; conducted many evangelistic crusades and counseled majority of U.S. Presidents from Truman through Obama
representative from Massachusetts; president of the Continental Congress in 1775; first to sign Declaration of Independence
President in the 1920s, advocated "Return to Normalcy" (meaning life before WW I) and "America first" campaign encouraged industrialization and a strong economy, independent of foreign influence
advocate and lobbyist for farmworkers' rights
representative from New York at the Continental Congresses; signer of the Declaration of Independence; helped negotiate the Treaty of Paris 1783 that ended the American Revolution; diplomat to England in late 1700s where he negotiated Jay's Treaty that averted threat of another war with the British
founder of television network BET (Black Entertainment Television)
John F. Kennedy
President during the 1960s. Navigated the US through the Cuban Missile Crisis and other Cold War issues with the Soviet Unions. Assassinated in 1963.
Martin Luther King, Jr.
**leader of the Civil Rights Movement; preached nonviolent approach and demanded equal rights for African Americans
listed as one of Times most influential business people in 1998, Estée Lauder grew up in New York and developed a world renowned beauty company. The basis of entrepreneurial skills were learned in her father's hardware store and working for her uncle.
Charles A. Lindbergh
first solo flight across the Atlantic Ocean
Henry Cabot Lodge, Sr.
supported American expansion as a way to increase national pride, spread civilization, and gain world power
**commander of the U.S. Army in the Pacific in WWII
Governor of Georgia; former restaurant owner who refused to serve African Americans; ran for governor though he had not held a public office before
Alfred Thayer Mahan
historian and author of a book on the importance of the navy to a country's power
**Chief of Staff that coordinated the war effort from Washington, D.C. in WWII
distinguished lawyer; appointed to the U.S. Supreme Court (1967) and established a record for supporting the voiceless American
Senator after whom the term "McCarthyism" is named. The fear of communism increased throughout the 1950s; extreme opposition to communism gained the name "McCarthyism" from the efforts of Senator McCarthy who, in 1950, announced that communists worked in the State Department. He worked to identify known communists and accused others based on association.
John Peter Muhlenberg
clergyman; soldier during Colonial, Revolutionary, and Post-Revolutionary eras in Pennsylvania; elected to the first U.S. Congress
Navajo Code Talkers
**Navajo American Indians were recruited by the military to encode, transmit, and decode messages; the Navajo language was used to develop a code that was not broken by the enemy in WWII
President in the 1970s. Helped the US withdraw from Vietnam and improved relations with China, but resigned Presidency after the Watergate scandal
**commander of the U.S. Navy and Allied land and sea forces in the Pacific in WWII
First African American President of the US, elected 2008
Sandra Day O'Connor
first woman to be appointed to the Supreme Court (1981)
**African American civil rights activist; in Montgomery, Alabama (1955), refused to give up her seat on the city bus for a white man; led to the Montgomery Bus Boycott
**colorful and celebrated tank commander for the Third Armored Division who spearheaded the final attack into Germany in WWII
General John J.Pershing
commander of the American Expeditionary Forces in WWI
President in the 1980s - grew US economy through "Reaganomics," influenced the end of the Cold War, advocated for a strong military to deter aggression against the US
"Rough Rider" during the Spanish American War; expansionist policies as President increased the U.S. role in Latin America and the world; reasserted the Monroe Doctrine
First Lady, appointed by President Truman as a delegate to the United Nations General Assembly and became the first chairperson of the preliminary United Nations Commission on Human Rights
Franklin D. Roosevelt
President during the Great Depression and WWII. Famous for "New Deal" recovery program which helped alleviate the Great Depression and expanded the role of the government. Said 12/7/41 is a "day which will live in infamy"
from Pennsylvania; treasurer of the U.S. Mint from 1797 to 1813; physician, writer, educator, Founding Father; Signed Declaration of Independence and attended Continental Congress
a political conservative known for her anti-feminism and campaign against the Equal Rights Amendment; she believed you could be a mother and have a career too; wrote/co-authored several books
author; wrote The Jungle which exposed the conditions in the U.S. meat packing industry, causing a public uproar and leading to the passage of the Pure Food and Drug Act and Meat Inspection Act
founder of the largest Hispanic advertising agency in Texas. (San Antonio advertising agency: Sosa, Bromley, Aguilar, Noble, and Associates)
first Hispanic to serve on the Supreme Court, nominated by President Obama
Jonathan Trumbull, Sr.
the only colonial governor who supported the American cause/side in the Revolution
The Tuskegee Airmen
**determined young men who enlisted to become America's first black military aviators at a time when the U.S. military still practiced racial segregation. They participated in over 15,000 sorties and earned over 100 Flying Crosses.
Governor of Alabama; ran for U.S. President four times; fierce pro-segregationist; quote from his inaugural address, "I say segregation today, segregation tomorrow, and segregation forever"
small-town general store owner who believed he could bring important goods to rural America. His store Walmart is now known as an industry leader in supply chain operations and brings low prices and common goods to communities across the world.
Ida B. Wells
American reformer and leader in the anti-lynching crusade and women's suffrage movement
suffragette and member of the WCTU (Women's Christian Temperance Union)
supervising producer and host of the top-rated, award-winning The Oprah Winfrey Show for two decades. She is a global media leader and philanthropist.
active clergyman; New Jersey representative that signed the Declaration of Independence; later President of modern Princeton University
was the most decorated American soldier in World War I. He was awarded the Medal of Honor for leading an attack on a German machine gun nest, taking 32 machine guns, killing 28 German soldiers and capturing 132 others. This action occurred during the U.S.- led portion of the Meuse-Argonne Offensive in France
As President, ended segregation in the military. Proposed his "Fair Deal" including full-employment and fair-employment-practices bills, federal control of the unemployment compensation program, a large housing program, and the development of natural resources. When Truman attended the Potsdam conference at the end of WWII; he became suspicious of the Soviet intentions under Stalin. (This eventually affected his leadership in the early years of Cold War and led to the Truman Doctrine, where the U.S. supported Greece and Turkey in their attempt to ward off communist threats.)
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