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Psych exam #4
Terms in this set (60)
The items used in the MMPI test of personality were selected on the basis of:
The responses of mental patients and normal persons to the items
The _______ test is an example of a projective test.
Electro-convulsive shock therapy is most likely to be used for those persons who are:
Max jones believed that:
patients can play an active role in their treatment
Mental health care in the United States today is characterized by:
community mental health centers
Transforming the expression of a repressed motive to its opposite is called:
According to Abraham Maslow, meta needs are:
All of the above
The primary drawback(s) to the statistical criterion of normality is (are) :
'a' and 'b'
According to Thomas Szasz, mental disorders are:
problems in living which in the final analysis are solvable only by the person
Freud and Jung strongly disagree about the functions of the :
animus is to anima as:
masculine is to feminine
clinical neuroses is characterized by:
all of the above
the principle goal of halfway house programs is:
b and c
You describe your psychology professor as warm, intelligent competent and creative. Allport would label these:
All of the various social-behavioral therapies are based on the assumption that mental disorders are caused by :
disturbed relationships between people
Jack received 5 points for eating a nutritional breakfast, 10 points for attending and participating in an interaction group, and 5 points for cleaning up the TV lounge. The mental hospital he is in is using:
a token economy
the results of Milligram's compliance studies show that a significant percentage of people will ________
follow orders of authority figures even when harmful effects on others are the result
Bandura's experiments with the "bobo" dolls have shows that children learn by
In which defense mechanism are unacceptable drives diverted into acceptable activities?
Many baseball players go through a ritual overtime they step to the plate. For example, they might tap their bat on the plate 3 time, or twitch their arm, or adjust their battling helmet with the end of the bat. These behaviors are probably a form of _________.
The most frequently used antipsychotic drugs are:
lithium and chlorpromazine
The following is (are) true regarding antipsychotic drugs:
b and c
Pillippe Pinel is most famous for his ______
belief that most mental patients would respond to treatment
the following is (are) true regarding the use of drugs to treat behavior disorders:
all of the above
Ted acts out the role of one of his group members, while that group member pretends to be someone else. What type of group therapy might Paul be involved in?
St. John's Wort is an herb hat is most effective in the treatment of :
none of the above
Studies on the effectiveness of psychotherapy indicate that the therapy is
all of the above
The rationale for giving antiandrogens to sex offenders is
animal research indicates androgens promote sexual and aggressive behavior
Ann persistently complains of a number of physical pains. These have included headaches, chronic stomach aches and a sharpness of pain in her chest area. Over the years, Ann has had a number of medical tests but her doctors have been unable to find anything physically wrong with her. Ann is suffering from:
Projective personality tests:
are based on the assumption that an ambiguous situation will elicit the subject's true feelings
It is difficult to evaluate psychoanalysis because :
the goals of therapy are no defined in ways that can be measured.
Behavior therapies are based on the assumption that:
behavioral change is more important than understanding the cause of the behavior
The most important objection to the use of electroconvulsive therapy is:
even a few treatments produce brain damage and excessive use results in permanent memory loss.
Subjects who were asked to estimate the length of lines went along with the group decision in spite of some doubts . This suggests that:
the pressure to conform can be very strong
the majority of subjects in a series of experiment on obedience by Milgram:
repeatedly shocked the learner in spite of obvious signs of his distress
People tend to choose:
partners who are about as physically attractive as they are
The most prevalent disorder in the US is
substance abuse disorder
An irresistible urge to repeat an action over and over again is called a(n):
Ted Bundy is an example of a person who suffered from:
antisocial personality disorder
Pete is convinced that he is the son of god and the savior of the world. Pete appears to be experiencing delusions of:
Suppose that you are a clinical psychologist and are treating a person who shows the following symptoms: flattening emotional responses, poverty of speech, social withdrawal, and inability to experience pleasure. Your best course of action in treating the person's symptoms is to use:
The antidepressant drugs appear to have stimulating effects on synapses that involve the transmitter substances _______ and ________
____________ is a mood disorder characterized by lethargy, sleep distrubances, and a craving for carbohydrates.
Seasonal affective disorder
The diagnostic and statistical manual of APA:
facilitates research on the causes and treatments of mental disorders
When we say that schizophrenia is a heritable disease, we mean that:
A person inherits a tendency toward schizophrenia which may be triggered in certain environments.
Psychologist Diana Baumrind attacked Milligram's Obedience studies because she felt that:
Millgram's studies caused the subjects emotional stress, tension, and loss of dignity
The earliest know attempt to treat mental disorders involved:
Which of the following are true regarding the insanity pleas as a legal defense?
A defendant may be found not guilty by reason of insanity only if he were so severely disturbed at the time of his act that he did not know that it was wrong.
Rick has been undergoing therapy for the past several months. During the therapy sessions, his therapist has asked him to "just sort of talk about anything that comes to mind." She has also asked him about his dreams. Most likely, Rudy's therapist is a ______ therapist.
psychoanalyst or psychodynamic
The tendency of clients in psychoanalysis to project their attitudes and emotions onto the therapist as a result of "reliving" some of their unpleasant childhood experiences is called:
Therapy that helps the client close the gap between his or her real self and ideal self is called:
Dan is petrified of snakes. To help him overcome his fear, his therapist is teaching Dan to relax in the face of increasingly more realistic encounters with a snake. First, Dan simply imagines the snake, then he imagines that a snake placed in a box is brought into the room, and so on, until he finally imagines himself holding the reptile. He implements the relaxation procedur5ess his therapist has taught him each time he imagines a different "snake scenario". Dan's therapist is using the therapeutic technique called:
Who among the following would be considered the family therapist's "client" if an entire family is present for therapy?
the entire family as a unit
A community treatment program that functions primarily to help make the transition from living in a mental institution to living in a regular community is the :
Prozac, the newest behavioral wonder drug, has made many health professionals uncomfortable since it is being overprescribed and often prescrbed for the wrong reasons.
Eysenck's early study of the effectiveness of psychotherapy showed that:
none of the different therapies were especially effective
A long-term, negative side effect of using antipsychotic drugs to treat schizophrenia is a serious movement disorder called:
ECT is most often used to treat:
The court ruling in the Tarasoff case and others has made it clear that when a therapist is working with a potentially violent client, the therapist:
all of the above
The ongoing "Minnesota Study of Twins Reared Apart" has show :
that there are many profound differences as well as similarities between identical twins reared apart
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