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ABSC360 final exam
Terms in this set (35)
Alcoholics Anonymous had its roots in which of the following religious groups?
The Oxford group
Alcoholics Anonymous was founded by Bill Wilson and ___________.
Dr. Bob Smith
Rowland Hazard, one of the more prominent members of the Oxford Group, had many consultations about his alcoholism with famous psychologist __________.
Alcoholics Anonymous has ___________ steps to achieve sobriety.
true or false: In a 24 month follow-up study, those who participated with a 12-Step program on a weekly basis showed lower rates of drug/alcohol use.
__________________ is the treatment of disease through the use of drugs.
true or false: E-cigarettes are FDA approved for nicotine replacement therapy in the United States.
Cytisus Laburnum is a plant that is a precursor to which drug?
Antabuse causes the buildup of ___________, leading to feelings of illness and less drinking.
__________ refers to someone's observable traits (height, eye color, etc.)
CBT stands for ________________________________.
Cognitive behavioral therapy
ACT stands for _________________________________.
acceptance and commitment therapy
According to CBT, what we _________affects how we feel and ________.
According to ACT _________ is a willingness to deal with uncomfortable thoughts and feelings.
In ACT, observing thoughts without taking them literally is defined as ______________
CRA stands for _________________.
community reinforcement approach
One step in the CRA method involves practicing coping strategies by using modeling and role playing with feedback. This step is called _______________.
_______________ involves establishing positive reinforcement (often cash incentives) for abstinence from drugs and/or alcohol.
true or false: In a study comparing CRA versus 12-step programs (Hunt & Azrin 1973), results showed that CRA significantly increased the amount of drinking/drinking days.
CRAFT focuses more on ________ than the drug users themselves.
family and friends
Working memory is one of several _____________.
true or false: Participants in the active group of Bickel et al.'s study showed lower rates of delay discounting after working memory training.
EFT stands for _________________.
episodic future thinking
Food-related EFT was correlated with __________ levels of calorie intake.
Participation in the Therapeutic Workplace is contingent on _____________.
negative (clean) urine samples
________________ smoke is cigarette smoke that is directly inhaled by the user.
true or false: Animals like mice, pigs, and rats are good test subjects because development of their offspring is similar to human embryonic development.
One potential cause of low birth weight in humans is reduced blood flow to the ___________.
Abnormal lung development due to smoking during pregnancy can lead to _____________ in the risk of respiratory illnesses later in life.
true or false: Children of heavier smokers weigh less at birth than children of moderate smokers.
true or false: Severe Fetal Alcohol Syndrome (FAS) can be diagnosed at birth.
Fetal Alcohol Syndrome (FAS) is a leading identifiable cause of ______________.
Difficulty with building, assembling, and drawing is known as ______________.
true or false: FAS is a lifetime diagnosis.
Severe FAS is characterized by underdeveloped features in the _____________.
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