Upgrade to remove ads
Arts and Humanities
Essential Arguments Vocabulary
Terms in this set (15)
Ad Hominem Attack
A fallacious attempt to discredit an argument by making personal attacks against the person advancing the argument instead of making logical attacks against the content of the argument.
An unstated premise, a fact or piece of evidence that is not listed as part of the argument's support but on which the argument nonetheless relies.
The argument's main point, opinion, point of view, or explanation that the argument is trying to convince you is true.
A word such as "thus" or "therefore" whose presence at the beginning of the sentence indicates that the sentence likely serves as the conclusion of an argument.
A statement in the form of "IfA, then B," such as, "If something is an apple, then it is a piece of fruit."
The statement that is the logical equivalent of a conditional statement. "If not B, then not A" is the contrapositive of the conditional statement, "If A, then B."
An invalid form of argument. Such arguments are described as "fallacious".
Words that appear at the beginnings of sentences whose presence is a sign that the sentence serves a particular logical function.
A statement that functions both as the conclusion of one argument and as a premise of a second argument, offered in support of a main or ultimate conclusion. Also called a subsidiary conclusion.
A condition whose absence forecloses a particular outcome from being obtained. A necessary condition is a dealbreaker.
The reasons, facts, or pieces of evidence that are offered in support of the truth of an argument's conclusion.
A word such as "since" or "because", whose presence at the beginning of the sentence indicates that the sentence likely serves as a premise in an argument.
A fallacious attempt to respond to or discredit an opposing position by misrepresenting the content of that position.
A condition whose presence guarantees that a particular outcome will be obtained. A sufficient condition is a dealmaker.
A word such as "but" or "yet", whose presence at the beginning of a sentence indicates that the sentence is a turning point in the logic, tone, or content of the argument in which the sentence appears.
Sets with similar terms
Philosophy logic and reasoning ch1,3,4
Logic Ch 1 Terms
Other sets by this creator
Unit 7 - Bootstrap
Unit 5 - Advanced HTML and CSS
Unit 3 - CSS - Styling Websites
Unit 2 - HTML Structuring Websites
Other Quizlet sets
Marketing Major talking points (9/10)
Athenaze Chapter 15β Key Grammar (Omicro…
Government TEST chapter two