152 terms

PSYC 602 Final

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Religion is the most common topic of schizophrenic delusions/hallucinations.

A. True

B. False
A. True
What could accent changes have to do with?

A. hearing deficits

B. changes in tongue musculature

C. mirror neurons

D. all of the above

E. none of the above
Answer: C mirror neurons
If a human desired to transcend the self, which of the following might they use?

A. war

B. religion

C. drugs

D. nature

E. all of the above
E all of the above
Which of the following best describes multi-level selection?

A. Traits are selected for on multiple levels: utility, attractiveness, and function

B. Individuals in a group are competing with each other, but they are also competing with other groups

C. Traits must be adaptive across environments or in multiple levels of function

D. None of the above.
B Individuals in a group are competing with each other, but they are also competing with other groups
Which statements are true?

A. Music activates mirror neurons and reward centers in the brain.

B. The most popular songs are written about love.

C. Teenagers listen to music the most.

D. Music is a great communication and attraction device.

E. All of the above
E. All of the above
The first test given in the Wason Task uses ______ which makes this task ______ for most people, whereas the second test given in the Wason Task uses _____ which makes this task _____ for most people.

A. abstract concepts; easier; social concepts; difficult

B. social concepts; difficult; abstract concepts; difficult

C. social concepts; easier; abstract concepts; easier

D. abstract concepts; difficult; social concepts; easier
D. abstract concepts; difficult; social concepts; easier
Why do researchers suggest that height is evolutionarily relevant for the mating success of men but not of women?

A. Because increased height conveys traits that were evolutionarily adaptive for men, but not women (physical strength, fighting prowess).

B. Because decreased height conveys intelligence in men, which is becoming more important for mate choice.

C. Height is evolutionarily relevant for the mating success of both men and women.

D. Height is evolutionarily relevant for the mating success of only women, not men.
A. Because increased height conveys traits that were evolutionarily adaptive for men, but not women (physical strength, fighting prowess).
Why are we bad at logic questions that aren't applicable to everyday life?
a. Logic is completely unnecessary through human evolution
b. We are actually good at logic questions that aren't applicable to everyday life
c. Logically thinking through social problems is evolutionarily beneficial, but random logic thinking is not
d. Our brains are not developed enough to think through logic problems
C- knowing how to do random logic isn't evolutionarily adaptive but logical in social problems is so we are better at it
Why are we okay with being mean to people on the road?
a. They aren't part of your social circle so it doesn't matter
b. We like members of our ingroup and not in the outgrip
c. People are more prone to violence when they can dehumanize the person they are being violent towards
d. All of the above
D- these were all mentioned as reasons for why road rage is prone to happen
Which is not one of the big three reasons for violence?
Vengeance
Competition
Disrespect
Jealously
D- Jealousy was not listed as one of the big three reasons for violence
What is a proposed reason for why we might have evolved to be monogamous?
a. Prevent infanticide
b. Have more babies
c. We aren't able to live alone
d. Monogamy is necessary to maintain a stable society
A- the dad is around to make sure the infant grows up and is not killed by another male attempting to pass on his genes by killing a baby and impregnating the mom
What might evolutionary psychologists say about tinder?
a. We base it on attraction, which is what people have always done
b. It's strategy to base attraction simply off of photos doesn't coincide with the way we usually search for mates
c. It will not be successful for reproduction because photos are not enough to attract someone
d. Millennials are awful and tinder is just a byproduct of their awful-ness
A- mating strategies have often depended on attraction, so tinder has the right idea
Out of these choices, who would be the most attractive (according to a study presented in class)?
a. A male demonstrating pride
b. A male smiling
c. A female demonstrating pride
d. A male demonstrating shame
A- Male pride was the most attractive while a male smile was the least attractive. A female smile was the most attractive while female pride was the least attractive.
Emotions are a cognitive effect. True or false?
True
False
B. False- our cognitive explanations for our emotions don't always match because emotions are really precognition.
What signals do researchers hypothesize may be conveyed by masculine facial features in men and women?

A. In women it may convey trustworthiness

B. In women it may convey sociosexual unrestrictedness

C. In men it may convey empathy and trustworthiness

D. In men it may convey good genes

E. B & D
E. In women it seems to convey sociosexual unrestrictedness and in men it has been hypothesized to convey good genes and serve as an honest signal of circulating testosterone, which is immunosuppressive.
Which of these is a theory about why religion is so pervasive?

A. It may have been adaptive at one point and now it is not.

B. Having religious belief IS adaptive.

C. Having religious belief is a bi-product because of the ways that certain structures in the brain interact.

D. God put these beliefs in our heads.

E. All of the above.
E. All of the above are theories that were mentioned in class.
What are the three cognitive modules that have been proposed to explain why we are primed for religion in the same way that we are primed for language development?

A. agent detection, causal reasoning, theory of mind

B. agent detection, causal reasoning, brain complexity

C. social learning, agent detection, brain complexity

D. theory of mind, social learning, causal reasoning
A. agent detection, our ability to detect other beings with agency; causal reasoning, our need to explain the relationship between two events even when we do not have a scientific explanation; and theory of mind, our ability to recognize that others have thoughts and feelings even when we cannot see them all make us wired for religion if we are exposed to it.
What are reasons that Adaptationists belief religion has individual and group benefits?

A. it allows us to cope with fear of death

B. it helps us cope with grief after loss of loved ones

C. it allows us to plan for the future and take better care of ourselves

D. it helps us to understand our brief existences

E. All of the above
E. All of the above are tenets of Adaptationists' theory of religion.
True or False: Anxiety has evolutionary benefits that might help to explain why it is so pervasive.
True: anxiety is essentially worrying about the future; if we didn't have the ability to plan ahead, then we could not be anxious. In the EEA, it would have been adaptive to concern oneself with the future, planning where/how to find food and shelter to survive. Now, at a time when our lives are not threatened, anxiety is just much less adaptive and more destructive.
What are theories about why music may be adaptive?

A. Music is used in many courtship rituals in animals, and even now, musicians have the most sexual partners

B. Music helps to sync up our bodily functions (heart beat, digestion, etc.), making us healthier

C. Music fosters development of social bonds

D. Music may have been used to express emotions before language was developed

E. All but B
E. All but B. All of these have been proposed about music except B, which perverts the idea that music helps us to sync up with other people in a group, but not to sync bodily functions.
Why do so many people fail the Wason logic task when completing the more abstract version with the letter and number cards?

A. They do not have the capacity to figure it out without concrete examples

B. They fall prey to confirmation bias, looking for the card that will prove the rule, instead of disprove the rule

C. They fall prey to attention bias and are unable to grasp what is being asked because they are distracted by the letters and numbers

D. All of the above
B. They commit confirmation bias because most people want to turn over the card that would not actually provide information about whether the rule was broken.
What is/are the benefit(s) of monogamy?
Protects one's young
Provides more resources
To reproduce the maximum amount of offspring
A and B
B and C
D - producing the maximum amount of offspring would require one not to participate in monogamy
What did Darwin observe about religion?
a. It doesn't exist
b. It's a modern day practice
c. That almost every culture on Earth has a religious system
d. That it is useless to the human mind
C - During his exploration he observed some type of religious practice in every culture
Why might the belief in God be a spandrel for the human brain?
Agent Detection
Causal Reasoning
Theory of Mind
All of the Above
all of the above
Why are some accents seen as amusing while others are seen as attractive?
a. Theory of Mind
b. The In-group Out-Group Phenomenon
c. Mirror Neurons
d. Intersexual Competition
b. The In-group Out-Group Phenomenon
We evolved to see____________ all around us, this is why politics is so tribal.
Good
Evil
Sacredness
Logic
sacredness
True or False: Some people suggest that music was around before language
True
False
true
What do accents often tell us about people?
a. We can recognize in-group and out-group members
b. Status may be assumed - even if it is wrong
c. That they are uneducated
d. A and B
e. A and C
d. A and B
According to Bering, why do thoughts weigh especially heavy in our minds?

A. Theory of Mind

B. Learned Helplessness

C. Socialization

D. Mindfulness
A. Theory of Mind
Voltaire said "If god did not exist, it would be necessary to invent him."

True

False
true
Wright says that we were "designed" by natural selection to do what?

A. Feel Love

B. Feel Fear

C. Feel Awe

E. All of The Above
E. All of The Above
According to Wright, What gave us modern corporations, government, and religion?

A. Natural Selection

B. Cultural Evolution

C. Social Evolution

D. Technological Evolution
B. Cultural Evolution
5. What did the biologist Richard Dawkins name the units of culture?

A. Genes

B. Cultural Capital

C. Memes

D. None of The Above
C. Memes
What is indirect reciprocity?



a. Reciprocity that occurs over time, not immediately
b. A kindness given to the stranger where the stranger then reciprocates to another person, and that person reciprocates to another, and so on
c. Reciprocity between strangers
d. Reciprocity between family members
b. A kindness given to the stranger where the stranger then reciprocates to another person, and that person reciprocates to another, and so on
What was the Wasson test meant to demonstrate?



a. That people don't take enough time to accurately think through problems
b. That people are more concerned with situations where there are consequences
c. That concepts are more easily understood by the general population when it is applied to a real world scenario
d. None of the above
c. That concepts are more easily understood by the general population when it is applied to a real world scenario
During the Ted Talk that we viewed on religious transcendence, most people said that they were not _____________, but they would consider themselves to be ______________.



Spiritual, Religious
Religious, Spiritual
Religious, Logical
Spiritual, Logical
Religious, Spiritual
A common mechanism that codes for basic "cuteness" in babies that includes chubby cheeks, large head, large eyes, small nose, etc. is called what?



Baby Schema
Baby Bias
Attractiveness
Maternal Bias
Baby Schema
In Reading Group 5's article, how were mating strategies found to be connected with binge drinking?



a. People who were looking for short term mates were more likely to partake in binge drinking, regardless of gender
b. People who were looking for long term mates were more likely to partake in binge drinking, regardless of gender
c. Men who were looking for short term mates were more likely to partake in binge drinking than women
d. Women who were looking for short term mates were more likely to partake in binge drinking than men
a. People who were looking for short term mates were more likely to partake in binge drinking, regardless of gender
1. What mental illness among people in certain cultures is revered due to the fact that those people are thought to be able to speak to and view the gods?
a. Autism Spectrum Disorder
b. Anxiety
c. Panic Disorder
d. Depression
e. Schizophrenia
e. Schizophrenia
2. What type of behavior in humans is analogous to other animals in hibernation?
A. Hoarding behavior seen by those who keep everything they own forever.
B. The harboring of stressful thoughts, feelings, and attitudes by those with generalized anxiety.
C. The agoraphobic behavior seen by those with social anxiety and PTSD.
D. Those with depression who conserve energy seen by symptoms like hypersomnia, gaining of weight, and lack of interest in activities.
E. The self-harming behavior seen by those with Borderline Personality Disorder.
D. Those with depression who conserve energy seen by symptoms like hypersomnia, gaining of weight, and lack of interest in activities.
3. Which of the following is a belief held by Darwin regarding religion?
a. Religion and gods are not real, only evolution is.
b. Only certain cultures who have a particular ancestry have the capacity to believe in religion.
c. Virtually every culture on earth believes in non-corporal gods and an afterlife.
d. Religion is fake news perpetuated by the Illuminati.
e. Evolution does not make room for religion.
c. Virtually every culture on earth believes in non-corporal gods and an afterlife.
4. Which of the following is a reason why religion is present in our society currently?
a. There has been damage done to the frontal lobe of religious followers' brains.
b. Religion is a product of a gene that enhances our survival and reproduction, according to Darwin.
c. Religious followers have an additional lobe in their brains that allow them to talk to gods.
d. Religion is fake all-around, as is this question.
e. Religion is an old folk tale that we refuse to discard.
b. Religion is a product of a gene that enhances our survival and reproduction, according to Darwin.
5. Which of the following is an explanation for the belief in the afterlife?
a. The belief in the afterlife is a cushion for grief for those that have lost their loved ones.
b. Afterlife? What afterlife? No such thing.
c. Afterlife can only be believed in by those who have the extraneous lobe in their brains to believe in religion.
d. Afterlife can only be believed in by those who have damage done to their frontal lobe that can actually believe in religion as well.
e. Everyone does it, so it goes along with conformity.
a. The belief in the afterlife is a cushion for grief for those that have lost their loved ones.
Which of the following is a reason behind the use of agent detection?
a. To know who is in the FBI.
b. To avoid punishment for international crimes, like that of James Bond.
c. To be able to interact with cool yet dangerous animals in the wild.
d. It has recently become a theory and therefore has no reason behind it.
e. We could possibly waste energy but ultimately it would outweigh the cons of a possible attack or threat.
e. We could possibly waste energy but ultimately it would outweigh the cons of a possible attack or threat.
7. Which of the following is a part of the byproduct theory of religion?
a. A byproduct of religion is music and cool songs.
b. Religion is a byproduct of our existence on earth.
c. The afterlife is adaptive as a cushion for grief for those who have lost loved ones.
d. We like explaining things in chronological order using cause and effect logic, and for those non-explainable phenomena, to fill in the gaps we give a religious explanation.
e. Religion is only relevant to those on earth, but no other planets.
d. We like explaining things in chronological order using cause and effect logic, and for those non-explainable phenomena, to fill in the gaps we give a religious explanation.
True of False the majority of men and women have thought about killing someone they do not like:
True
False
TRUE
With regards to the article on drinking and short-term mating: When people viewed photos of others who had been drinking a lot or not at all, viewers of photos found those who had been drinking ______ attractive.
More
Less
A little
None of the above
more
What is one potential evolutionary reason why monogamy has evolved?
To make more offspring
To prevent infanticide
Because people were in love
To avoid competition
To prevent infanticide
Why do people do things that are not socially acceptable more when they can't be seen?
If one is outside their social circle they feel more comfortable being aggressive
We behave differently towards our ingroup and outgroup
People are more prone to violence when they can dehumanize the person
All of the above
All of the above
True or False: In a Study regarding gender differences in mate preferences, women preferred men with traits that suggested they could provide resources while men preferred women with traits that suggested they could produce offspring.
True
False
True
Which of the following is a commonly accepted possible explanation for why people kiss?

A. For fun

B. To smell a potential sexual partner

C.To learn

D. To engage in sexual Relations
B. To smell a potential sexual partner
According to Keltner, what is the best evolutionary description of laughter?

A. It is an emotional expression

B. Primordial breathing technique

C. It has no evolutionary description

D. None of the Above
B. Primordial breathing technique
According to evolutionary psychology, it is easiest to learn a task when it best matches ________.

A.Watch it done

B.Read about it

C. Have it taught to you

D. A real world situation
D. A real world situation
Why is the divorce rate so high in current times according to evolutionary psychology?

A. People get married for financial reasons

B. No longer needed for survival

C. Its become a social norm but is no longer needed

D. Monogamy is most efficient during the time it takes to raise a child, now people are living long enough to see their children have children
C. Its become a social norm but is no longer needed
Why is smiling suggested to be an evolved trait?

A. It was never used as an expression before

B. It became a way to attract other mates

C. It is universal across all cultures and means the same thing

D. None of the above
C. It is universal across all cultures and means the same thing
6. True or False: The psychologist Jonathan Haidt proposed that humans make an intuitive or emotional decision about something (that is, how they "feel" about something) and THEN try to reason and justify their decision using logic.

A. True

B. False
true
According to most evolutionary psychologists, learning occurs when_____.

A. Behavior is modified by experience

B. By viewing action

C. When the individual wishes to learn

D. None of the above
Behavior is modified by experience
Did men rate the pictures of women's bodies higher, lower, or the same when they were wearing high heels?

A. The same: heels don't really make a difference

B. Lower: heels made the women look uncomfortable and ruined their posture

C. Higher: heels made the women look curvier
Higher: heels made the women look curvier
Which of the following items are not benefits of owning a dog?
A. social enhancement

B. increased physical activity

C. stress relief

D. saving money
D. saving money
How does one get toxoplasma gondii?

A. cat feces

B. raw meat

C. contaminated water

D. all of the above
D. all of the above
Which is not a characteristic of bady schema?

A. small head

B. large eyes

C. chubby cheeks

D. plump body shape
A. small head
True or false: Me that are more humorous and also more attractive are seen as more trustworthy and intelligent.

A. True

B. False
B. False
What is an example of a scandral? (not sure if I spelled this correctly)



A. stairs

B. the space under the stairs

C. a town where Dunder Mifflin is located

D. a scandalous event
B. the space under the stairs
Women have a stronger mate preference than men for __________ over ___________.



A. intelligence; income

B. income; physical attributes

C. physical attributes; income

D. physical attributes; intelligence
B. income; physical attributes
According to the article "Drinking High Amounts of Alcohol as a Short-Term Mating Strategy," drinking high amounts of alcohol serves as a short-term mating strategy for

a. Males

b. Females

c. both

d. neither
both
Risk-taking enhances male desirability especially in a long-term context.

a. True

b. False
false
Which female would a man perceive as a better long-term mate according to "Drinking High Amounts of Alcohol as a Short-Term Mating Strategy"?

a. One who went to a party and had 5 glasses of wine

b. One who was the designated driver for the night
b. One who was the designated driver for the night
According to Pinker, violence is

a. Caused by video games and TV

b. A learned behavior

c. A cycle, where violent parents have violent children

d. A part of human nature
d. A part of human nature
Which of the following is an example of vestigial organs?

a. A human hand is similar to a bat wing

b. The leg of a dog and flipper of a dolphin have similar structure

c. Some flightless birds still have wings

d. The embryos of animals look similar
c. Some flightless birds still have wings
What is not an example of costly signaling?

a. Wearing a jacket when it's cold outside

b. A peacock's feathers

c. Religious rituals

d. Wearing expensive clothes to the gym
Wearing a jacket when it's cold outside
According to "Signaling, Solidarity, and the Sacred: The Evolution of Religious Behavior," religious rituals can be considered examples of costly signaling because they require initiations like beatings and genital mutilations in order for an individual to be part of the in-group.

a. True

b. False
true
Which scenario listed below illustrates the Kind Uncle theory?
a. Kent doesn't feel the need to have children of his own because his sister, Tina, can pass off their family's genes.
b. Robert takes special care of his nephews because they are his family.
c. Gene sees his sister's children, which makes him want to have kids of his own.
d. None of the above.
a. Kent doesn't feel the need to have children of his own because his sister, Tina, can pass off their family's genes.
According to the presentations in class that focused on facial attractiveness, what are three features that influence perceived facial attractiveness?
a. symmetry, extreme beauty, and small facial features
b. symmetry, averageness, and non-average sexual dimorphic features
c. average sexual dimorphic features, small facial features, and symmetry
d. asymmetry, averageness, and non-average sexual dimorphic features
b. symmetry, averageness, and non-average sexual dimorphic features
According to Fink and Penton-Voak (2002), how does evolutionary psychology explain why certain facial features are viewed as attractive to people?
a. People think attractive facial features indicate a person is more sexually active
b. People think attractive facial features indicate a person is wealthy.
c. People think attractive facial features indicate more compatibility in relationships.
d. People think attractive facial features indicate that a person is a healthier individual.
d. People think attractive facial features indicate that a person is a healthier individual.
Which is an important module of the mind, according to our lecture in class on religion?
a. Theory of mind
b. Causal reasoning
c. Both are two important modules of mind
d. None of the above
c. Both are two important modules of mind
Fisman and colleagues (2006) discovered what about their research on speed dating and gender differences in preference?
a. Males put more weight on attractiveness, while females put more weight on intelligence.
b. Males put more weight on intelligence, while males put more weight on attractiveness.
c. Males and females both put more weight on physical attractiveness.
d. Males and females both put more weight on intelligence.
a. Males put more weight on attractiveness, while females put more weight on intelligence.
Jonathan Haidt (TED Talk) raised different points about religion, evolution, and the ecstasy of self-transcendence. What was the metaphor that he used throughout this discussion?
Metaphor of tower
Metaphor of staircase
Metaphor of slide
Metaphor of church
Metaphor of staircase
What was an explanation that we gave in class to help explain why people are more violent with member of the outgroup then their ingroup?
a. People like everyone in their ingroup and hate everyone in their outgroup.
b. Easier to get away with violence on a member of the outgroup.
c. It is easier to dehumanize someone in the outgroup.
d. People are actually more violent with member in their ingroup.
c. It is easier to dehumanize someone in the outgroup.
What is indirect reciprocity?



a. Reciprocity that occurs over time, not immediately
b. A kindness given to the stranger where the stranger then reciprocates to another person, and that person reciprocates to another, and so on
c. Reciprocity between strangers
d. Reciprocity between family members
b. A kindness given to the stranger where the stranger then reciprocates to another person, and that person reciprocates to another, and so on
What was the Wasson test meant to demonstrate?



a. That people don't take enough time to accurately think through problems
b. That people are more concerned with situations where there are consequences
c. That concepts are more easily understood by the general population when it is applied to a real world scenario
d. None of the above
c. That concepts are more easily understood by the general population when it is applied to a real world scenario
During the Ted Talk that we viewed on religious transcendence, most people said that they were not _____________, but they would consider themselves to be ______________.



Spiritual, Religious
Religious, Spiritual
Religious, Logical
Spiritual, Logical
Religious, Spiritual
A common mechanism that codes for basic "cuteness" in babies that includes chubby cheeks, large head, large eyes, small nose, etc. is called what?



Baby Schema
Baby Bias
Attractiveness
Maternal Bias
Baby Schema
In Reading Group 5's article, how were mating strategies found to be connected with binge drinking?



a. People who were looking for short term mates were more likely to partake in binge drinking, regardless of gender
b. People who were looking for long term mates were more likely to partake in binge drinking, regardless of gender
c. Men who were looking for short term mates were more likely to partake in binge drinking than women
d. Women who were looking for short term mates were more likely to partake in binge drinking than men
a. People who were looking for short term mates were more likely to partake in binge drinking, regardless of gender
What voices did women rate as more likely to cheat, and what voices did women rate as more attractive?



feminized; deeper
deeper; feminized
masculine; deeper
masculine; higher
masculine; higher
Which of the following is NOT a factor that prevents selection from reducing to a single favorable allele?

a. Environmental Variation- different environments making different features favorable
b. Selective Mating- specific traits being more attractive to the opposite gender
c. Heterozygote Superiority- heterozygotes sometimes having more advantages than homozygotes
d. Frequency dependent selection- fitness depending on how common a phenotype is in the population
e. Mutation- new alleles arising through random mutation
b. Selective Mating- specific traits being more attractive to the opposite gender
Which person's theory was tested to see if the alleles that affect sexual orientation could influence the position of an individual on a dimension of masculinity-femininity?

A. Miller

B. Freeman

C. Franco

D. Jamani
A. Miller
Opposite of the hypothesis, the group that was most sexually aggressive when testing Miller's theory was...

A. Heterosexual men with Heterosexual brothers

B. Heterosexual men with Homosexual brothers

C. Homosexual men with Homosexual brothers

D. Women
C. Homosexual men with Homosexual brothers
Gay men were still a valuable resource in gatherer/ hunter and preindustrial societies because they could...

A. Still create children despite their sexuality

B. Provide male labor to families and communities

C. Be used in arranged marriages strategically instead of for lust or love

D. All of the above
D. All of the above
In Fisman's speed dating study, Fisman sought to see the gender differences of mate selection and discovered...

A. Both men and women cared most about appearance

B. Men cared more about appearance and women cared more about intelligence

C. Both men and women cared more about intelligence

D. Men cared more about intelligence and women cared more about appearance
B. Men cared more about appearance and women cared more about intelligence
Fisman and Hitsch both found in their mate-selecting studies that which gender cared more about race?

A. Women

B. Men

C. Both cared the same amount

D. Neither cared at all
A. Women
According to Apostolou, In gather/ hunter and preindustrial societies it was more advantageous for a family with a first born heterosexual son to...

A. Have no more children

B. Have daughters

C. Have homosexual sons

D. Have heterosexual sons
C. Have homosexual sons
Studying the evolutionary psychology of homosexuality is difficult because...

A. Sexuality is connected to biology

B. Sexuality is connected to environment

C. The definition, education, and understanding of sexuality is constantly changing

D. All of the above
D. All of the above
The Paralympics have evolved from 400 athletes in 1960 to 4000 athletes in 146, how many athletes were at the most recent summer games in Rio.

4342

5354

3348

4000
4342
In the article, Career Evolution and Knowledge of Elite Coaches of Swimmers with a Physical Disability, which of the following were the four categories that the study tested on?

Coach Background and Characteristics

Training

Competition

Contextual Factors

All of the Above
All of the Above
What was the purpose of the study, Coach Autonomy Support, Basic Need Satisfaction, and Intrinsic Motivation of Paralympic Athletes?

To reveal the career evolution and knowledge of elite coaches of swimmers with a physical disability

To compare athletes who only train with people who have the same physical ability as them to those who integrate their training

To examine the relationship between Paralympic athletes perceptions of autonomy-supportive coach behavior, perceived needs satisfaction, and intrinsic motivation to know, accomplish, and experience stimulation

To find the different between Canadian paralympic athletes and US Paralympic athletes
To examine the relationship between Paralympic athletes perceptions of autonomy-supportive coach behavior, perceived needs satisfaction, and intrinsic motivation to know, accomplish, and experience stimulation
The study "Drinking High Amounts of Alcohol as a Short-Term Mating Strategy: The Impact of Short-Term Mating Motivations on Young Adults Drinking behavior found that binge drinkers were were more sexually unrestricted than those who did not engage in binge drinking.

True

False
true
What are the two forms of sexual selection?

Competition and preference

Attraction and attitude

Competition and attraction

Preference and attitude
Competition and preference
What do most people believe to be the earliest form of religion according to McClenon?

Christianity

Judaism

Shamanism

Hinduism
Shamanism
Which of the following are examples of rituals?

Chimpanzee rain dance

Social grooming among nonhuman primates

Hand gestures between hominids

All of the above
All of the above
Which of the following is not evidence for evolution?

A.) Vestigial Organs

B.) Homologous Structures

C.) Theory of Mind

D.) Common Ancestry
C.) Theory of Mind
Which of these was NOT one of the results found in the Sex Differences in Jealousy study?

A.) Women are more upset by sexual infidelity than emotional infidelity.

B.) Men who have been in committed sexual relationships are more upset by sexual infidelity than men who have not been in committed sexual relationships.

C.) Women are more upset by emotional infidelity than sexual infidelity.

D.) Men are more upset by sexual infidelity than emotional infidelity.
A.) Women are more upset by sexual infidelity than emotional infidelity.
3.) What is the reasoning behind religious rituals as costly signaling?

A.) It's expensive to be religious.

B.) Religions often maintain intragroup solidarity by requiring costly behavioral patterns of group members.

C.) It's important to be religious to get a mate.

D.) Society values religious people more than others.
B.) Religions often maintain intragroup solidarity by requiring costly behavioral patterns of group members.
4.) Which of these is NOT part of the definition of 'theory' used by evolutionists?

A.) A scheme or system of ideas or statements held as an explanation or account of a group of facts or phenomena

B.) A hypothesis that has been confirmed or established by observation or experiment and is propounded or accepted as accounting for the known facts

C.) A statement of what are held to be the general laws, principles, or causes of something known or observed.

D.) An idea or set of ideas about something.
D.) An idea or set of ideas about something.
.) What animal did we discuss that is one of the last large mammals to be discovered?

A.) Chimpazees

B.) Gorillas

C.) Bonobos

D.) Orangutan
C.) Bonobos
What were the main results of the Binge Drinking and Short-Term Mating study?

A.) People drink because it's fun.

B.) Alcohol inhibits short-term mating.

C.) High alcohol consumption is a short-term mating strategy for men only.

D.) High alcohol consumption is a short-term mating strategy for men and women.
D.) High alcohol consumption is a short-term mating strategy for men and women.
In the Mating Goals and Conspicuous Consumption study, high-power participants showed more inclination toward conspicuous consumption than low-power participants in the mate-guarding condition.

A.) True

B.) False
true
Male participation in sport has been proven to affect female mate selection.

A) True

B) False
A) True
Why is it thought that females prefer team sport athletes over individual sport athletes?

A) Team sport athletes know more people, and therefore are more successful.

B) Team sport athletes exhibit behavioral traits associated with good parenting skills and success at long-term relationships such as cooperation, likability, and role acceptance.

C) Team sport athletes make more money.

D) Team sport athletes are more physically attractive.
B) Team sport athletes exhibit behavioral traits associated with good parenting skills and success at long-term relationships such as cooperation, likability, and role acceptance.
Which of the following, if viewed, is most likely to trigger a person to reciprocate that action?

A) Running

B) Coughing

C) Sneexing

D) Yawning
D) Yawning
What do internet rage and road rage have in common?

A) Both can be accomplished online.

B) Both involve making snap judgements.

C) Neither require face-to-face confrontation.

D) Both guarantee success.
C) Neither require face-to-face confrontation.
What were the results of the Wasson Task performed by the class?

A) More participant answered Condition 1 correctly.

B) More participants answered Condition 2 correctly.

C) Participants answered both conditions equally

D) Participants answered both conditions incorrectly.
B) More participants answered Condition 2 correctly.
Sport like evolved from the skills necessary for success in primitive hunting and warfare.

A) True

B) False
true
Which of these is NOT a discovery that Charles Darwin made on his Voyage of the Beagle to the Galapagos Islands?

A) The finches on each different island in the Galapagos had different types of beaks.

B) The tortoises had different shaped shells.

C) All the finches shared a common ancestor.

D) The differences in beak thickness in finches was a direct result of the acidity of the water source the finches were drinking from.
D) The differences in beak thickness in finches was a direct result of the acidity of the water source the finches were drinking from.
According to evolutionary psychology, the college age group is more interested in learning about

A. Child Behavior

B. Attractive Traits

C. Food sources

D. Leadership
B. Attractive Traits
True or False: Humans are wired to be religious

A. True

B. False
true
How can music affect human brain

A. no significant effect

B. can lead to damage after over-listening

C. can improve brain function

D. minimizes brain size
C. can improve brain function
Which of the following traits in babies have shown to increase an adult's likelihood to be drawn to them?

A. Big eyes

B. Button nose

C. Chubby cheeks

D. All of the above
D. All of the above
Which of the following is true about humor as an attractive trait according to a heterosexual study?

A. Women perceive men who are humorous as a better partner

B. Women perceive women who are humorous as a better partner

C. Men perceive women who are humorous as a better partner

D. Men perceive men who are humorous as a better partner
A. Women perceive men who are humorous as a better partner
Height in a possible mate is considered more important to women compared to men because

A. It cues dominance

B. Height can symbolize access to resources

C. A and B

D. None of the above
C. A and B
Smiling in men is associated with

A. short-term relationship

B. decrease in attractiveness perception

C. long-term relationship

D. B and C
D. B and C
In what ways does * believe that religion is similar to language?

A. It is a complex cultural behavior built on top of a genetically shaped learning machinery

B. Humans use language and religion

C. Humans use language to communicate religion

D. None of the above
A. It is a complex cultural behavior built on top of a genetically shaped learning machinery
How did religion serve hunters and gatherers?

A. It helped them figure out where they came from

B. It prevented them from fighting with each other

C. It taught people how to behave in their society

D. All of the above
C. It taught people how to behave in their society
What is the most likely perpetrator and victim of a violent act?

A. A man is the most likely victim and perpetrator

B. A man is the most likely perpetrator and a woman is the most likely victim

C. A man is the most likely perpetrator and men and women are equally likely to be the victim

D. There is no data to answer this question
A. A man is the most likely victim and perpetrator
How is aphasia related to swearing?

A. Aphasia patients lose the ability to remember all words

B. Aphasia patients only retain knowledge of half of the total swear words

C. Aphasia patients retain the ability to swear

D. Aphasia patients forget how to swear properly
C. Aphasia patients retain the ability to swear
What does reciprocal altruism cause?

A. people prefer mutually beneficial relationships

B. people do not prefer mutually beneficial relationships

C. people are more likely to be friends with people that look like them

D. None of the above
A. people prefer mutually beneficial relationships
What is Hobbe's view of violence?

A. Hobbe's believed violence was both primitive and inevitable

B. It is not primitive, irrational, or pathological but rather inevitable for self-interested organisms

C. It is primitive, irrational, and pathological

D. Hobbe's did not have a view on violence, he studied laughter
B. It is not primitive, irrational, or pathological but rather inevitable for self-interested organisms
Coevolution refers to _______, and an example of how it impacts the senses is ______?

A. Two species following a similar evolutionary path ; whales and dolphins evolving from land dwelling mammals to water dwelling mammals.

B. A species that needs the help of another species in order to survive ; hyena's relying on lions to kill prey, so they can scavenge.

C. Two species impacting each other's course of evolution ; bats using sonar to track moths and moths having the ability to hear the ultrasound waves to avoid the bats.

D. None of the above.
C. Two species impacting each other's course of evolution ; bats using sonar to track moths and moths having the ability to hear the ultrasound waves to avoid the bats
What did David Hume argue that morality stems from?

a) Reason

b) Emotion

c) Biology

d) A combination of reason and emotion
b) Emotion
Jonathan Haidt claims that moral reasoning occurs:

a) Slower than moral intuition

b) At the same time as moral intuition

c) Faster than moral intuition

d) Slower or faster than moral intuition, depending on the individual
a) Slower than moral intuition
Between what ages did Jerome Kagan claim that children begin to express guilt for having "violated a standard"?

a) 1 and 3

b) 3 and 6

c) 6 and 8

d) 8 and 10
b) 3 and 6
There is evidence that religion is older than morality.

a) True

b) False
b) False
What is one trait that is unique to humans?
a. humor
b. intelligence with tools
c. opposable thumbs
d. clothing for modesty
d. clothing for modesty
According to DeWaal, most people would attribute ___ to our "human nature" and blame ___ on our "animalistic side".
a. empathy; violence
b. violence; empathy
c. humor; deceit
d. deceit; humor
a. empathy; violence
Your friend has recently made the impractical decision to purchase a brand new Hummer H1, which is large, obnoxiously colorful, costly, and high maintenance. As a hard to fake wealth indicator, your friend's Hummer is an example of the...
a. Hard to Fake Clause
b. Branding Effect
c. Costly Signaling Theory
d. Display Rule
c. Costly Signaling Theory
What is an example of how Theory of Mind influences our day to day life?
a. Bumping into a mannequin in a store and apologizing
b. Not picking your nose in public
c. Telling someone you hate that no one likes them
d. All of the above
e. None of the above
d. All of the above
Which of the following is not a part of the 3 spheres of morality that pertain to moral judgment (according to Pinker)?
A. Reliability
B. Community
C. Autonomy
D. Divinity
A. Reliability
According to Wade ch 1, what is considered an example of the darker side of Religion?
a. Tithing
b. The justification of wars
c. Animal sacrifices.
d. Profitable worship songs
b. The justification of wars
According to one of the presentations, which of the following is true about humor and attractiveness?
a. Women value humor in mates more than men
b. Women value humor in the long term more than in the short term
c. Women value humor in the short term more than in the long term
d. A and B
e. A and C
d. A and B
In the study about men smiles vs. women smiles, women were found more attractive when they were _______.

Sad
Happy
Angry
Hungry
Happy
Empathetic people tend to yawn more.

True
False
true
Sports do not provide men with the opportunity to demonstrate their strength in order to attract mates.

True
False
false
Why did a gun affect testosterone levels in men?

They were scared of them
They never saw one before
They felt like they were being challenged
None of the above
They felt like they were
What is the effect of children being exposed to music at a young age?

It makes them anti-social
It makes them pro-social
It does not have any effect on children
None of the above
It makes them pro-social
Which group is considered romantic when they wear red?

Masculine males
Feminine males
Masculine females
Feminine females
Feminine females
Natural selection of social exchange has played a role in how humans solve logic problems.

True
False
true
In today's society, where are biologists finding the strongest environment for natural selection, thus faster evolution in species?

Countryside
Wild forests
Desert
Urban cities
Urban cities
Which is one of the conclusions from the first study presented in "Sounds Like a Cheater":
a. Men rated women with higher-pitched voices as a greater infidelity risk than women with lower pitched voices
b. Men rated women with lower-pitched voices as a greater infidelity risk than women with higher-pitched voices
c. Women rated feminized men's voices as more likely to cheat than masculinized men's voices
d. Women rated masculinized men's voices as more likely to cheat than feminized men's voices
a. Men rated women with higher-pitched voices as a greater infidelity risk than women with lower pitched voices
Moral philosophers would most likely think which of the following is an immoral act:

a. Secretly having consensual sex with your sibling

b. Throwing rocks at a dog when no one is around

c. Using the American flag as a cleaning rag in Kazakhstan

d. They would think all of the above are immoral
b. Throwing rocks at a dog when no one is around
Kagan, in his infant temperament studies, predicted:

a. High-reactive babies would have more mixed personalities
b. Low-reactive babies would have more serious personalities
c. High-reactive babies would have more serious personalities
d. Low-reactive babies would have more mixed personalities
c. High-reactive babies would have more serious personalities
Chomsky believed language was:
Learned
Innate
A product of Darwinian evolution
None of the above
Innate
Miller argues that language has important evolutionary basis in:
Sexual selection
Survival selection
Natural selection
None of the above
Sexual selection
Which brain area lights up when you hear a "taboo word"
Hippocampus
Temporal lobe
Brain stem
Amygdala
Amygdala