Campbell Biology: Ninth Edition - Chapter 6: A Tour of the Cell
Vocabulary: cell, light microscope, electron microscope, magnification, resolution, organelles, plasma membrane, cytosol (cytoplasm), nucleoid, endomembrane system, endoplasmic reticulum (rough and smooth), Golgi apparatus, lysosome, ribosome, mitochondria, cytoskeleton, nucleus, nucleolus, chromosome, chromatin, phagocytosis, vacuoles (food vacuole, contractile vacuole, central vacuole), chloroplast, peroxisome, plastid, thylakoid, granum, stroma, photosynthesis, glyoxysomes, centrioles, pseudopodia, cytoplasmic streaming, extracellular matrix (ECM), collagen, plasmodesmata, tight junctions, desmosomes, gap junctions
Objectives: After attending lectures and studying the chapter, the student should be able to:
1. State the cell theory.
2. State the types of light microscopes and electron microscopes used in the study of cells, and discuss the general advantages and disadvantages of each.
3. Relate cell size to surface-to-volume ratio and to cellular metabolic activity.
4. Describe the major differences between prokaryotic and eukaryotic cells.
5. Give examples of prokaryotic organisms (prokaryotes) and eukaryotic organisms (eukaryotes).
6. Recognize, label, and describe the structure and function of each of the following components of prokaryotic cells: cell wal nucleoid region, plasma membrane, flagellum (flagella)
cytoplasm pilus (pili)
7. Distinguish between the 2 components of the cytoplasm: cytosol and organelles.
8. Distinguish between the 2 conditions of the genetic material: chromatin and chromosome.
9. Describe the structural differences between prokaryotic and eukaryotic cells.
10. Give examples of and describe the major differences between animal and plant cells.