42 terms

Western African Kingdom

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sahara
largest desert in the world
savanas
grassy plains beyond deserts
cataracts
waterfalls
desertification
the spread of desert land
nubia
on a wide band of fertile land on the upper nile
meroë
new capital of nubia that eventually commanded nile's trade
surplus
more than needed
commodity
valuable products
ghana
located on the fertile land between the niger and senegal
gold salt trade
ghana was located in the midway between saharan salt mines
sundiata
a sickly boy regarded as weak to be a threat
mali
the empire sundial founded
mansa musa
muslim king of mali who makes hajj to meca
timbuktu
built by mans musa, center of learning and art, increased islamic influence in west africa, use of credit, education for many classes
songhai
the largest of the 3 major west african kingdoms, took control of timbuktu
ibn battuta
moroccan traveler and explorer, traveled the islamic world from north africa to china
askia muhammed
sets up bureaucracy that has 5 provinces each with a governor, tax collector, judges, and trade inspectors
sonni ali
built the largest state and brought trade to timbuktu where there was no islam
benin
south of savanna, they traded pepper ivory
hausa
built many independent clay walled cities
axum
extended from the mountains of present day ethiopia to sun bleached shores of the red sea
adulis
a port on the red sea and the upland city of axum
axum religion
christianity made the official religion after shipwrecked syrians introduced it
axum trade
christian and muslim merchants brought trade and islam- fought over control trade routes
ethipoia
the whole region of axum
king lalibela
directed the building of remarkable churches carved from the ground down
swahili
a new language consisting of bantu and arabic
bantu
settled in the great zimbabwe
great zimbabwe
derived weath from herds of cattle then found gold in central part of kingdom
great zimbabwe location
located between trading posts on indian ocean
the great enclosure
massive wall 4-stories high
great zimbabwe cities
residents for the elite, mud houses for poor
Griots
Story tellers
Caravans
Groups of people traveling together
Trans saharan caravan trade
Made ghana and mali spread new ideas to west africa
Which empires were muslim
Mali and songhai
What area was influenced by islam
Arabia
Who were early west africans who migrated to the south spreading farming
Bantus
Gold from the
West
Was traded for salt from the
North
Matrilineal
Women in charge
Trading city of songhai
Gao