End of Year - SOL Review

STUDY
PLAY
derivation
the formation of a word from another word or base
word origin
the language from which a word is derived
root word
base of a word where prefixes and suffixes are added
affix
a group of letters added to a word to change the meaning
prefix
affix placed at the beginning of a word to change its meaning or to create a new word.
internal conflict
struggles within the character
external conflict
struggles between other characters, nature, and outside forces
theme
a message or truth that a story communicates about life in general
setting
the time and place a story takes place
conflict
a struggle between two opposing forces
novel
an extended work of fiction
short story
brief creative narrative that is a retelling of events
drama
a story that is performed on stage where people play various roles
personal essay
informal account of a person's experiences
biography
the life story of a person written by another person
main idea
the most important or central thought of a paragraph or larger section of text
summarize
to briefly restate the main idea and supporting details
supporting details
details that support or tell about the main idea
expository
writing by presenting reasons, explanations, or steps in a process
prewriting
a stage of the writing process in which you gather and organize ideas in a graphic organizer
subject-verb agreement
the subject and verb in a sentence must agree in number:must both be singular or both be plural
verb tense
determines when the action takes place (past, present, future
figurative language
text enriched by word images and figures of speech
simile
figure of speech that uses the words like or as to make comparisons
metaphor
a comparison equating 2 or more unlike things without using like or as
hyperbole
intentionally exaggerated figures of speech
analogy
a comparison between two or more things that are similar in some ways but otherwise unalike
haiku
a 3 lines, 17 syllable poem usually about nature
limerick
a 5 line rhymed poem that is usually humorous with a AABBA rhyme scheme
ballad
a songlike narrative poem that features rhyme, rhythm and repetition
free verse
a poem that does not have a regular meter or rhyme scheme
rhyme
recurring identical or similar final word sounds within or at the ends of lines of a verse
organizational patterns
how information is organized in writing
chronological or sequential
pattern of organization relating events organized in time order or by steps of a process
compare and contrast
pattern of organization that states similarities and differences of two or more items
cause and effect
pattern of organization relating what happened (effect) and why it happened (cause)
problem-solution
pattern of organization that states an issue and what can be done to remedy or resolve the issue
synonym
words with the same or similar meanings
antonyms
words with opposite meanings
alliteration
same beginning sounds in a phrase
repetition
repeated use of sounds, words or ideas
onomatopoeia
the use of sound words whose sounds suggest its meaning
generalization
a broad statement about a text or topic
fact
a statement that can be proven true or false
opinion
a person's thoughts or ideas that are his own
double negatives
two negative words in the same sentence that turn it into a postitive
pronouns
words that replace nouns
tone
the feeling the author conveys through the text
adjectives
words that describe nouns
adverbs
words that describe verbs
dictionary
book of words, their origins and meanings
thesaurus
book of synonyms
encyclopedia
set of books with information about all subjects
databases
a structured set of data held in a computer
online sources
information that can be found online
primary sources
sources that are original documents or artifacts from the event iteself
secondary sources
information about a topic or event written by people who were not there and do not have a first person account of the event.
palgiarism
copying someone else's work and passing it off as your own
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