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Terms in this set (18)
what is cultural relativism?
when we judge the moral contract of a persons actions based upon the moral standards each culture has
each culture has unique standards, values, diversity, patterns allow us to see anomalies
no universal standard and we cannot judge
what is moral objectivism?
the exits at least one set of moral standards to which we all may refer no matter our cultural background
there is a standard and we can judge people
natural instincts, who is to set the moral standards?
How do just rulers come into power for aquinas
Appointed by god: Naturally
what ought ones moral aim be across the board for aquinas?
Equality: avoid evil; strive for common good in hopes of diversity
What are the basic categories which determine our understanding of ourselves and the world around us according to Mill's associative psychology?
pleasure and pain
What is Mill's principle of utility?
maximize pleasure, minimize pain, greatest happiness
for kant, what is the noumenal realm?
realm that exists in and of itself, cannot be revealed
for kant, what is phenomenal realm
how we view the world, view it as it appears to us
What is Kant's categorical imperative?
Act as if the maxim of your action were to become universal law
what is the formula which we discussed that kant uses to implement the categorical imperative? What are the steps involved in the formula?
formula of humanity. Treat others as ends in themselves
what is platos divine method?
finding one in the many and many in the one; start with an object of inquiry and divide it by two, then measure the rational dialogue within those parts
what does plato's divine method uncover?
finding one in the many and many in the one; find the infinite; universal process of procreation
through what form do we gain the psychological state most conductive to reaching the highest good?
What is the highest good that a human may achieve, for plato?
Pure and bodily pleasures; embody the one in many, the infinite, and the universal process of procreation
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