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Potter & Perry Fluid and Electrolytes

Terms in this set (74)

"The kidneys excrete all acids produced in the patient's body."
"Patients with obstructive lung diseases may have more acid in the blood."
"Patients experience deeper respirations when the carbon dioxide level in the blood rises."
"Patients experience shallow respirations when the carbon dioxide level in the blood rises."
"Patients with kidney disease have difficulty excreting metabolic acids."

Answer:
"Patients with obstructive lung diseases may have more acid in the blood."
"Patients experience deeper respirations when the carbon dioxide level in the blood rises."
"Patients with kidney disease have difficulty excreting metabolic acids."

Patients with obstructive lung diseases may have more acid in their blood. This can be due to a difficulty in normal excretion of carbonic acid. When the level of carbon dioxide in the blood rises, the chemoreceptors are triggered quickly. The patient hyperventilates in order to excrete the excess carbonic acid. The excretion of metabolic acids occurs in the renal tubules of the kidneys. This is one of the major contributing factors for difficulty in normally excreting metabolic acids. The kidneys excrete all acids except carbonic acid. When the carbon dioxide level in the blood rises, the chemoreceptors trigger hyperventilation to facilitate excretion of excess carbonic acid. The patient also experiences shallow respirations in response to decreased levels of carbon dioxide in the blood to enable the cells to produce more carbon dioxide and make up for the deficit.