12 terms

Classification

STUDY
PLAY

Terms in this set (...)

Classification
A division of organisms into groups or classes based on specific characteristics
Taxonomy
The science of describing, naming and classifying organisms
Species
A group of organisms that are closely related and can mate to produce fertile offspring
Binomial Nomenclature
A two - word naming system for naming organisms by their scientific name, the first word being the genus to which it belongs, and the second the species.
Dichotomous Key
A tool used to identify organisms that consists of descriptive statements organized into couplets (a & b pairs)
Archaebacteria
Kingdom made up of prokaryotes, or single celled organisms with no nucleus, that can survive extreme environments
Eubacteria
Kingdom made up of prokaryotes that are much more common than archaebacteria, and can live almost anywhere (soil, water and human body).
Eukaryotes
Organisms made up of cells that have a nucleus that include protists, fungi, plants and animals, but not archaea or bacteria.
Protista
Kingdom of mostly one-celled eukaryotic organisms that are different from plants, animals, fungi or bacteria
Fungi
Kingdom made up of non-green, eukaryotic organisms that break down and absorb nutrients for food and have no means of movement.
Plantae
Kingdom made up of complex multi-cellular plant organisms that have cell walls and make their own food via photosynthesis
Animalia
Kingdom made up of complex multi-cellular animal organisms that lack cell walls, can usually move around and respond to their environment.