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History of Rock and Roll final
Terms in this set (74)
The Beat movement included rejection of standard narrative values, spiritual quest, rejection of materialism, experimentation with psychedelic drugs, and sexual liberation and exploration. One of the first Beats was Jack Kerouac, a poet.
On release, the album was praised by many critics for its innovations in music production, songwriting and graphic design, for bridging a cultural divide between popular music and high art, and for providing a musical representation of its generation and the contemporary counterculture. It is also a concept album, an album that can be played all the way through and act as one continuous musical production. It had a variety of instruments that were played with several studio techniques. They hired over 100 studio musicians for the album. It was produced by George Martin, the fifth Beatle.
Sgt Pepper's Lonely Hearts Club Band
Between 1970-71 many rock stars died. Of these rock stars the three that were most famous were Jimi Hendrix, Janis Joplin, and Jim Morrison. In 1970, at the age of 26, Jimi Hendrix died of a drug overdose of barbiturate. Janis Joplin died October 4th 1970 from a Heroin overdose. In March of 1970 Jim Morrison died from heart failure. Brian Jones died from drowning. Duane Allman died in a motorcycle accident. They recorded at Muscle Shoals to get an authentic southern rock sound.
Rock Star Deaths 1970-71
The vietnam war was a war fought by North and South vietnam. The united states got invovled because they were against communists countries like North vietnam wanted to become. The united states also wanted to try to keep peace in Vietnam, but they failed to do so. Vietnam snowballs into disaster for US military, a long slow slog of deterioration of national pride. The nation longs for "Peace with Honor" - it does not happen that way - The US bombs the North Vietnamese into submitting to an historic truce (1972)- But that later is not honored by the North Vietnamese. Saigon South Vietnam falls to the Communist regime in April of 1975.
My Lai Massacre - in March of 1968, 200-500 Vietnamese civilians are murdered by US troops that are targeted by civilians killing US troops.
In the united states there were many protests against people going to war in Vietnam.
Nixon resigned because he knew that he would be impeached if he did not resign. He was going to be impeached for editing a transcript talking about the water gate break in that he said was a national securrity matter. Gerald Ford took over as president.
Also known as acid, is known for altered awareness of one's surroundings, perceptions, and feelings as well as sensations and images that seem real though they are not. Timothy Leary was famous for suggesting that this drug was the best thing a father and son could do together.
1965 festival headliner Dylan was booed by some fans when he played with backing band The Paul Butterfield Blues Band. It marked the transition from Folk to Folk rock for Bob Dylan. Fans booed him off the stage because his sound was not the orthodox sound of Folk.
Newport Folk Festival 1965
he Monterey International Pop Music Festival was a three-day concert event held June 16 to June 18, 1967. Crowd estimates for the festival have ranged from 25,000 to 90,000 people.
Monterey Pop Festival 1967
The summer of love was where 100,000 people, mostly young people sporting hippie fashions of dress and behavior, converged in San Francisco's neighborhood of Haight-Ashbury. It was partially a protest of the Vietnam war. A lot of people got high during this event.
The summer of love
The place where the summer of love happened.
A supergroup is a music group whose members have successful solo careers or are part of other groups or well known in other musical professions. Cream was the first supergroup including Eric Clapton.
Woodstock—was a music festival in the United States in 1969 which attracted an audience of more than 400,000. It was on August 15-17 on a farm in the Catskill Mountains of southern New York. It was Billed as "An Aquarian Exposition: 3 Days of Peace & Music". 32 acts performed outdoors. "Woodstock was a spark of beauty" where half-a-million kids "saw that they were part of a greater organism."
The Altamont Free concert is best known for considerable violence, including the stabbing death of Meredith Hunter and three accidental deaths: two caused by a hit-and-run car accident, and one by LSD-induced drowning in an irrigation canal.Scores were injured, numerous cars were stolen and then abandoned, and there was extensive property damage. The concert featured (in order of appearance): Santana, The Flying Burrito Brothers, Jefferson Airplane and Crosby, Stills, Nash & Young, with the Rolling Stones taking the stage as the final act.Approximately 300,000 attended the concert.
Altamont Free Concert
Rock music for listening. It was on FM Radio.
It was freeform music instead of commerical music. Free form music means that djs had the freedom to pick which songs they want to play. It was in progressive rock radio format meaning that it played a lot of rock music as well as being really free form. An album oritented rock DJ, Tom Donahue, said "AM Radio Is Dead and Its Rotting Corpse Is Stinking Up the Airwaves".
Album Oriented Rock
A concept album is an album in which its tracks hold a larger purpose or meaning collectively than they do individually. This is typically achieved through a single central narrative or theme, which can be instrumental, compositional, or lyrical. Sometimes the term is referenced to albums considered to be of "uniform excellence".
Blues Based British rock is a fusion genre combining elements of blues and rock. It is mostly an electric ensemble-style music with instrumentation similar to electric blues and rock: electric guitar, electric bass, and drums, often with Hammond organ. Some of the famous blues based bands iclude Led Zeppelin, Deep Purple, Black Sabbath, and The Rolling Stones.
Blues-Based British Rock
Southern Rock is a subgenre of rock. It developed in the Southern United States from rock and roll, country music, and blues, and is focused generally on electric guitar and vocals. Some of the famous Southern rock bands include the Allman Bros., Lynryd Skynryd, The Eagles, and Creedence Clearwater Revival.
Progressive rock (shortened as prog; sometimes called art rock, classical rock or symphonic rock, avant-garde rock, experimental rock) is a subgenre of rock music. It had instrumentation and compositional techniques more frequently associated with jazz, folk, or classical music. Additional elements contributed to its "progressive" label: lyrics were more poetic, technology was harnessed for new sounds, music approached the condition of "art" and the studio, rather than the stage, became the focus of musical activity, which often involved creating music for listening, not dancing. It had more elaborate melodies, changing meters(sometimes polymetric), and sophisticated harmonies. Polymetric means instruments that are in a different meter than the song such as the drums in long distance runaround. Some songs had longer forms such as Jethro Tull's Thick as a Brick which lasted 43 minutes.
Horn bands are rock bands that have horns in them. Two famous bands are Blood sweat and Tears and Chicago.
Jazz Rock Fusion can be seperated into two groups Rock with Jazz influence and Jazz with Rock influence. In Rock with Jazz influence there is greater use of wind instruments,
emphasis on instrumental music,improvisation, and more complicated chords and progressions. In Jazz with Rock influence there is use of rock instruments (electric guitar, synthesizers, electric bass), rock rhythms, and
Tommy was the first rock opera. It was written by the Who. Like all operas it had a story that went along with it. It was about a "deaf, dumb and blind" boy, including his experiences with life and his relationship with his family.
Glam rock was progressive rock with elaboarte stage shows, outrageous costumes, makeup, and hairstyles. Some of the famous acts were David Bowie and Kiss.
Funk is a type of black or african american music. It has a dynamic syncopated rhythms driven by sixteenth note-divisions of the beat. It has vocals that are shouted or spoken like in soul music. It has melodic bass lines (riffs). It has a delayed downbeat. It uses Jazz influenced chords such as chords with added sevenths, ninths, and elevenths. Some of the early funk musicians were James Brown and Sly and the Family Stone. It developed even more in the 70s with bands like Parliament/Funkadelic. It also has something called Vamp. Vamp is a single chord that is used rhythmically and that has a complicated multi-timbred texture.
Wattstax was a concert organized by Stax records to commemorate the seventh anniversary of the 1965 riots, where 34 people died from police brutality, in the African American community of Watts, Los Angeles. The police were said to be racist which is the main reason why they shot black people. This concert helped raise awareness about black struggles in America. The concert took place a the Los Angeles Memorial Coliseum on August 20, 1972. All of Stax's prominent artists at the time performed at the concert. There was soul, gospel, Rhythm and Blues, funk, and jazz music played.
Disco is dance oriented music which became popular in the United States in the late 70s. It started out as an underground style heard in small dance clubs and later became mainstream. KC and the Sunshine Band were an early disco band with huge success. Saturday Night Fever made Disco nationally popular. It has a "four-on-the-floor" beat, an eighth note (quaver) or 16th note (semi-quaver) hi-hat pattern with an open hi-hat on the off-beat, and a prominent, syncopated electric bass line.
The moonwalk is a dance move created by Michael Jackson. This illustrates that not only was Michael Jackson a great singer, but he was also a great dancer since early childhood.
They were a crazy progressive rock band that were known for smashing and exploding their instruments on stage. The members consisted of singer Roger Daltrey, guitarist and singer Pete Townshend, bass guitarist John Entistle, and drummer Keith Moon. They sold over 100 million records. They wrote the first roc opera "Tommy".
Yes are an English progressive rock band formed in London in 1968 by singer Jon Anderson, bassist Chris Squire, guitarist Peter Banks, keyboardist Tony Kaye, and drummer Bill Bruford. It has consisted of guitarist Steve Howe, drummer Alan White, keyboardist Geoff Downes, singer Jon Davison, and bassist Billy Sherwood. They performed roundabout.
He was an american novelist and poet. He was the first Beat. His works include topics such as catholic spirituallity, jazz, promiscuity, Buddhism, drugs, poverty, and travel. He wrote On the Road about his travels.
James Brown is "The godfather of soul". His song Papa's got a Brand New Bag was the first funk song. He was an american singer, songwriter, dancer, musician, record producer, and bandleader. He is known for putting all of his energy into his performances. The rolling stones had to follow him in a concert where Mick Jagger immitated James Brown and became a better dancer in the process.
She was an American Rock singer and songwriter. She is one of the most successful female rock stars of the 60s. She died of a heroin oversdose. She rose to fame at the Monterey Pop Festival when she was part of Big Brother and the Holding Company. She left Big Brother and recorded on her own with her own backing groups, the Kozmic Blues Band and then the Full Tilt Boogie Band. She was also at Woodstock.
The Grateful dead is known for its unique and electric style, which fused elements of rock, psychedlia, experimental music, modal jazz, country, folk, bluegrass, blues, gospel, reggae, and space rock. They performed live lengthy instrumental jams. Their devoted fan base are known as "Deadheads". They formed in the San Francisco Bay Area during the counterculture movement in the 60s.
Pink Floyd is a psychedlic and progressive rock band that is the British version of the Grateful Dead. They use philosophical lyrics, sonic experimentation, extended compositions in their elaborate live shows. They were founded by vocalist and guitarist Syd Barrett, drummer Nick Mason, bassist and vocalist Roger Waters, and Richard Wright on keyboards and vocals.
The doors were a blues based band with a touch of eastern mysticsm. They were formed in Los Angeles in 1965, with vocalist Jim Morrison, keyboardist Ray Manzarek, guitarist Roby krieger, and John Densmore on drums. They wewre all amazing musicians.
Jimi Hendrix was born in Seattle, Hendrix began playing guitar at the age of 15. In 1961, he enlisted in the US Army and trained in the 101st Airborne. He moved to Tennessee and began playing gigs on the "Chitlin Circuit"earning a place in the Isley Brothers backing band and later with Little Richard. He then played with Curtis Knight and the Squires before moving to England, after being discovered by Linda Keith. Bassist Chas Chandler of The Animals became his first manager. Within months, Hendrix had earned three UK top ten hits with "Hey Joe", "Purple Haze" and "The Wind Cries Mary". He achieved fame in the US after his performance at the Monterey Pop Festival in 1967.
The world's highest-paid performer, he headlined at Woodstock in 1969 and the Isle Of Wight in 1970.
He died from Barbituate -related Asphyxia.
Santana pioneered a fusion of rock and Latin American music. The band's sound featured his melodic, blues-based guitar lines set against Latin and African rhythms featuring percussion instruments such as timbales and congas not generally heard in rock music.
He was a psychologist who thought the best thing a father and son could do together was LSD. He popularized the catchphrase "turn on, tune in, drop out". He also wrote about transhumanist concepts involving space migration intelligence increase, and life extension. He developed the eight circuit model of consciousness.
The yardbirds were a blues-based british rock band. The band is known for starting the careers of Eric Clapton, Jimmy Page and Jeff Beck.
The Allman Brothers were a southern rock group that included Duane Allman (slide guitar and lead guitar) and Gregg Allman (vocals, keyboards, songwriting), as well as Dickey Betts (lead guitar, vocals, songwriting), Berry Oakley (bass guitar), Butch Trucks (drums), and Jai Johanny "Jaimoe" Johanson (drums). They incorporated elements of electric blues, British blues, southern soul, psychedelia, and country music into their music. Their live shows featured jam band-style improvisation and instrumentals. Duanne Allman died in a motorcycle accident.
Frank Zappa was an AMerican musician, composer, activist, and filmaker
They were a British blues rock band. The members included Brian Jones, Mick Jagger, Keith Richards,Bill Wyman Charlie Watts and Ian Stewart. Mick Jagger and Keith Richards were the groups songwriters and the leaders of the band. They were big components of the rebellious counterculture at the time. They were introduced as the Greatest Rock and Roll Band in the World.
Mick Jagger and the Rolling Stones
Black Sabbath consisted of guitarist and main songwriter Tony Iommi, bassist and main lyricist Geezer Butler, drummer Bill Ward and singer Ozzy Osbourne. Black Sabbath is often cited as pioneers of heavy metal music. They formed in 1968 as the Polka Tulk Blues Band. They had dark deep lyrics.
Jimmy Page was one of the founding members of Led Zeppelin. He was originally a session musician. Then he joined the Yardbirds. After the Yardbirds he formed Led Zeppelin.
ZZ Top included performers Gibbons and Hill who grew chest-length beards. Really.
ZZ Top released Tres Hombres in 1973. The album's sound was the result of the propulsive support provided by Dusty Hill, Frank Beard and Billy Gibbons' "growling" guitar tone. The album included the boogie-driven "La Grange" (written about the Chicken Ranch, a notorious brothel in La Grange, Texas, that also inspired the musical The Best Little Whorehouse in Texas)
ZZ Top Tres Hombres
ZZ Top's Eliminator, released in March 1983, featured two top 40 singles ("Gimme All Your Lovin'" and "Legs"), and two additional Top Rock hits: "Got Me Under Pressure" and "Sharp Dressed Man"
ZZ Top Elimantor
He was a very odd actor and glam rock performer. His biggest hit was Space Oddity. He wrote his own music. He changed the perception on sexual orientation. He "mined sexual intrigue for its ability to shock" according to Buckley.
Yusuf Islam or Cat Stevens is a British singer-songwriter and multi-instrumentalist. His musical style consists of folk, pop, rock, and Islamic music. He left his music career and sold all of his guitars to help out Muslim communities.
Carole King was a singer-songwriter. She is the most successful female songwriter of the latter half of the 20th century.
The Eagles began in 1971. They were the leading country rock band in southern california. They had folk-rock and country-influenced guitar sounds, vocals with high harmony, and a banjo. The members included Glenn Frey, Joe Walsh, Don Felder, Don Henley, Bernie Leadon, and Randy Meisner. They had 5 number-one singles, 6 Grammy Awards, and 6 number one albums.
Elton John is an English singer, pianist, and composer. He learned how to play piano at an early age. He was the most successful musician from any genre of the 70's, achieving #1 chart hits in both the US and the UK with the help of lyricist Bernie Taupin. Songs like: "Rocket Man", "Goodbye Norma Jean", "Crocodile Rock", "Tiny Dancer", Your Song" are mainstays of pop to this day. He sold 300 million records.
Billy Joel is a singer-songwriter and pianist. His nickname is "Piano Man". He has written many pop songs. He released the album the Stranger which became Columbias's best selling release selling over 10 million copies.
Sly and the Family Stone performed in Francisco area in the late 1960s; the band was one of the few raciall and sexually integrated bands of the time. In the 1970s, the band began to focus on racial and political issues; other black artists found crossoversuccess imitating Sly and the Family Stone's blend of funk and hippie culture. Joel Selvin said, " there are two types of black music; black music before Sly Stone and black music after Sly Stone." Bass player Larry Graham helped define "Funk" including the term "Slap Bass".
Sly and the Family Stone
Maurice White a former studio drummer at Chess Records, formed Earth, Wind and Fire; the 10 piece band had a series of huge crossover hits such as September which is the perfect example of their incredible talents.
Earth Wind and Fire
Stevland Hardaway Morris or Stevie Wonder. is an American singer, songwriter, record producer, and multi-instrumentalist. He was a child prodigy, playing at a young age, he signed with Motown's Tamla label at the age of 11. He is a blind man. After turning twenty-one, Stevie Wonder took artistic control over his records; he wrote, produced, and played many of the instruments on his albums.
Beginning in 1972, Wonder's albums featured a variety of musical styles and ambitious approaches.
Michael Jackson was an American singer, songwriter, and dancer. He is known as the "king of pop". He started singing with his brothers when he was 6 years old. He started singing on his own 7 years later at the age of 13. He broke racial barriers with his songs Billie Jean, Beat it, and Thriller.
Issac Hayes wa an Americans singer-songwriter, actor, and producer. He helped create the Stax sound as a songwriter, a session musician, and a record producer. He wrote "Soul Man". He came out with his album Hot Buttered Soul in 1969. He wrote the soundtrack and theme to Shaft in 1971 and he sang and spoke a song with ultra smooth singing.
LaDonna Adrian Gaines or Donna Summer was an american disco singer-songwriter. She sold over 140 million records. She had 12 top ten hits
This is a Beatles song which was the last song on Sgt. Peppers Lonely Hearts Club Band. They hired over 100 musicians to play the orchestral piece. The last chord of the song was played with three pianos simultaneously on the same chord.
A Day in the Life
For what its worth is a song performed by Buffalo Springield. It became the antiwar anthem during the Vietnam war.
For What It's Worth
Gimme Shelter is the first song on the Rolling Stone's album let it Bleed. the song's main ideas were antiwar and are you safe around people you know? It features Merry Clayton, who almost over powered Mick Jagger in the recording.
This was the song played by Richie Havens that started off woodstock and it was completely improved. He ran out of material to play so he came up with Freedom on the spot.
Jimi Hendrix played the national anthem at Woodstock. He used amplifier feedback, distortion and sustain to replicate the sounds made by rockets and bombs. There were some drums with his version. At the end of the song he brings in taps. It is considered by some people to be in protest of the Vietnam war, although Jimi Hendrix said that it was to celebrate America.
Star Spangled Banner (Jimi Hendrix at Woodstock)
This song was played by Crosby,Stills, Nash and Young. The song is about the kent state masacre. The Kent state masacre was an event that happend at Kent State University in Ohio where state troopers shot into a crowd of students who were throwing rocks at them and killed 4 students and injured 9 others.
Bouree is a song originally done and composed by Yohan Sebastian Bach. It was later covered by Jethro Tull who added in improv in the song. This song is a Classical Rock song.
This is a song done by Yes. It is a progressive/classical rock song. It was on the album Fragile which in 1972 was #4 album charts.
It has a compound AABA form. There are acoustic and electric guitars, bass, organ, piano, synthesizer, mellotron, drums, percussion, and vocals in the performance.
This is a song done by Miles Davis. It is a Rock with Jazz influence song. It has a lot of prescribed improv. It focuses on the instrumentals. It has complicated chords and progressions.
This is a song done by Kiss, the iconic glam rock band. It was released on their album Dressed to Kill. It served as the anthem for the band.
I wanna Rock and Roll all night
Kiss was an american glam rock band. The members included Paul Stanley, Gene Simmons, Peter Criss, and Ace Frehley. They were known for their members' face paint and stage outfits as well as their their elaborate live performances, which featured fire breathing, blood-spitting, smoking guitars, shooting rockets, levitating drum kits, and pyrotechnics.
This was a song done by David Bowie. It is in relation to the movie space oddysey. David Bowie wanted the song to be odd and different.
This is an iconic funk song. It was played by Sly and the Family Stone.
Thank You (Falletin me be mice elf again)
This is a song done by Earth, Wind and Fire.
This is a song done by parliament.It is a parliament funk song. It has a jazz-influenced form. The song has a jazz influenced form. The bass reacts to vocal gestrues, anbd the bass and synthesizer. The drums interact with the pitched lines. There are two main contrasting vocal timbres.
Tear the Roof of the Sucker(give up the Funk)
Deep Purple is a band who is considered to be among the pioneers of heavy metal and modern hard rock. They started out as a progressive rock band, but shifted to a heavy metal sound in 1970. They had dark deep lyrics.
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