Terms in this set (87)
heart or mind
the pathos inherit in the beauty of the external world
waka; 5 lines (5 lines, 7 syllables) - linked verse
has to contain some seasonal word (3 lines)
great general; half brother of Yoritomo One of these historical figures to build off of what was going on in Basho. He was the half-brother of Yogetomo (show gun, war lord). Basho was visiting old battle sights and discusses how the grass is green now, but so many people died and a lot of hardship came with it.
The battle of Ichi-no-tani
1184; was a Taira defensive position at Suma, to the west of present-day Kobe,
One of these historical figures to build off of what was going on in Basho. He was the half-brother of Yogetomo (show gun, war lord). Basho was visiting old battle sights and discusses how the grass is green now, but so many people died and a lot of hardship came with it.
The battle of Dan-no-ura
1185; was a major sea battle of the Genpei War
"Narrow Road to the Deep North" or "Narrow Road to the Interior"
pine islands like bonsai in a three-mile bay
"they die in the morning and are reborn in the evening like bubbles on water"
"Basho" (The Knapsack Notebook)
abandons the world and moves to a small hut (4 sufferings)
can't transcend the self; one with nature
born in Paris, educated at college Louis-le-Grand
imprisoned in Bastille
became standard bearer of deism
exiled in England
the belief in a God, creator of the universe, author of natural laws, but not revealing Himself to man
he was imprisoned here; also put in here after altercation with a high up aristocrat
wrote in 1764
provides a pungent and often satirical assessment of the religion, politics, science, and arts of the England he observed during his nearly three-year exile
The Age of Reason
"mans emergence from his self-imposed nonage"
reason (rationalism), experience (empiricism), science, liberty, equality, Fraternity, progress, happiness
unde malum "where does evil come from"
both agreed there is no solution/reason to evil
becomes an illusion of her experiences
her story is international law and costume
acknowledge way of the world
based on an old legend that a place like this existed (gold streets, perfect). "Utopia"; as humans we wouldn't be able to stay there permanently
"we must cultivate our garden"
all of Europe
end of the book; gives up on optimism
The Yorkshire moors
Place where the Bronte sisters spent their time as children
where Emily Bronte lived most of her life
Emily and Charlotte
Emily wrote Wuthering Heights
Charlotte wrote Jane Eyre
born of 6 children; 2 oldest died
moved to Brussels to study but Emily came back
wrote poems by Currer, Ellis and Acton Bell
shrinks from social contact but deeper soul
the unreliable narrator
narrator knows the people much better
only sources of information
"a dirty, ragged, black-haired child"
describes Heathcliff; rough, harsh Northern farmer (pg 5)
more socially sophisticated
romanticism in Wuthering Heights
heathcliff is in love with Catherine which is what the novel is centered around
"It would degrade me to marry Heathcliff now..."
Catherine Is overheard saying what would happen if she married Heathcliff.
she doesn't understand principles of marriage and the world
"the eternal rocks beneath - a source of little visible delight, but necessary"
Catherine describing her love for Heathcliff
connection between nature and deep nature
"be with me always -- take any form -- drive me mad! Only do not leave me...!"
Heathcliff is describing his love for Catherine and how a life without her isn't worth living
also sort of reveals his anger towards her
"But where did he come from, the little dark thing...?"
Nelly Dean wondering about Heathcliff (pg 330)
irish nationalist; joined army; 6ft tall; Yeats fell in love with her (lovers for a few weeks); she was his muse - wanted to marry her (inspiration for a lot of his love poetry)
Helen of Troy
editor of radical paper in the 1840's; arrested by British; couldn't come back to Ireland for 20 years (died)
great theme throughout Yeats' poetry
used the themes of nationalism, freedom from oppression, social division, and unity when writing about his poetry
September 1913/Easter Rebellion depicts this greatly
"a greater renaissance -- the revolt of the soul against the intellect -- now beginning in the world"
refers back to the Irish revolt
people need to be roused
The Golden Dawn
Selected Poems and 4 stories of Yeats
was an organization devoted to the study and practice of the occult, metaphysics, and paranormal activities
became a atheist/ development of personality
married her in 1917
had 2 children
the Easter Rebellion
Sparks a shift, and names people who was involved. This is a turning point of how he looks at these events
"The Phases of the Moon"
written as a text for exposition
cyclic theory of history
"phases of the moon"
1 big contrast: darkness/full of the moon (pg 71)
subjective: antithetical: following whims; seeking the self
objective: primary: competing the tasks, seeking the world
(2 cones/spirals with pointed ends towards each other constantly moving)
becomes a sphere and everything is perfect
later known as constantinople and Istanbul
standing in God's holy fire (gold mosaic of a wall)
out of nature and into eternity
dead/no longer exists
birth, life, death
"We make out of the quarrel with other rhetoric; but of the quarrel with ourselves, poetry."
lust and rage motivate him to write poetry
spurred him to write like a spur going into a horse's side
born in Chekiang providence; attended Kiangnan Naval Academy; studied medicine in Japan.
"What are the qualities of the ideal human?
What does the Chinese character lack the most?
What is the source of its illness?"
Preface to Call to Arms
a movement in religious philosophy derived from Confucianism in China around AD 1000 in response to the ideas of Taoism and Buddhism.
"Imagine an Iron house without windows, absolutely indestructible, with many people fast asleep inside who will soon die of suffocation..."
Is it possible to help them? Or will he only make them suffer unnecessarily by intervening?
"commander or China's cultural revolution"
Chairman Mao has given the most comprehensive, the most penetrating appraisal of Lu Hsun.
"A Madman's Diary"
Call to Arms
sense of integrity/art
frame narrator who talks to 2 brothers
voice of paranoia
tried to fight against ancient past
Children represent the future that hasn't been destroyed
his sister died and believes his family ate her
"Is it right to eat human beings?"
A Madman's Diary
obsessed with the idea of people eating him
Call to Arms
a comparison of the experience of attending Chinese opera performances in the city vs. a village, the story evolves into an essay on how people interact with each other within the village context, including attitudes toward sharing.
The New Year's Sacrifice // Hsiang Lin's wife
refers to a sacred rite taking place during the sensitive New Year period . . . and indirectly to the old widow who is too impure to be allowed to help prepare it.
the use of taboos, and whether they are consistent with progress. More broadly, the themes of women's rights and marriage practices (including arranged marriage)
an elixir enabling one to fly to the moon
great hunter but nothing to kill
flys to the moon to join his wife
point = recognition that human success using resources of nature using all until nothing is left
Neftali Ricardo Reyes
born in in Southern Chile
son of a railroad Foreman
Heights of Macchu Picchu
permission to use strange images and arrange them in an interesting order
la poderosa muerte
The Inca Empire
expansion of empire begins
reign of Huayna Cupac
1531 expedition begins
1533 executed by strangling of Atahulpa, last reign of Inca
In the Andes of Peru
The Urubamba River
located along Machu Picchu
"El Reino Muerto vive todavia"
The dead kingdom is still alive (Incan Kingdom)
Machu Picchu still lives
"Sube a nacer conmigo, hermano"
"Arise to birth with me, my brother" // Macchu Picchu
socialism in Chile// Salvador Allende
Salvador Allende elected; forms socialist government; Neruda ambassador of France
C.I.A. backed coup d'etat in Chile; overthrow and death of Allende
The Ibo people
The people of southeastern Nigeria
"have a firm belief in the duality of things"
ones "personal god"; wrongly glossed by one critic as "the God Within"; guardian angel
Things Fall Apart
the spirits of the ancestors; masked men embodying these spirits
changeling; a child who is born and does over and over with malicious intent
Evil Forest (ajofia)
bad bush in the translation used by the colonizers (throw twins away, medicine, things not wanted)
(pg 4-5) see him at his best
lazy, doesn't provide for the future, coward, deeply in debt
in his son's view he isn't a man
life dominated by fear (not necessarily true)
loves work, war and his people) duality -> masculinity
son who leaves the clan and becomes a Christian; dissatisfied with him bc he reminds him of his dad
Isaac is his baptized name
feels that she should have been boy
The British Empire
comes to the clan and sets up in the Evil Forest; brings in new ideas and ways of life
"Things fall apart; the center cannot hold..."
the clan is falling apart under western culture/ideas
economically different too
city where story takes place
owned by Mariana
where everyone is staying
peasant from Zayadiyya, Beheira// becomes a maid
brother and sister in law try marrying her off to an old man (runs away)
falls in love with Sarhan
learns to read and write
"Here is where love is. Education. Cleanliness. And Hope."
Zohra talking about Alexandria and what she gets here and not where she is from. She can't/doesn't want to go back
political party demanding Egyptian independence after WWI
Egyptian statesman, head of the wafd
wealthy, landowning family, big and strong
reckless; never accomplished anything
turkist/ drives around town with speed/ more Alexandria feels enclosing on him
good/bad energy (pg 53-87)
accouncer with the Alexandria Broadcasting Service
oldest brother wants him out of the communist party/ hates his brother
in love with a woman who is married and leaves her husband and then loses all feelings for her
decides it would beneficial to kill Sarhan (help him get his life together) (pg 87-129)
deputy head accountant at the Alexandria Textile Mills
involved with a prostitute and a burglary
loses both Zohra and Aleya
slits his wrists with a razor and bleeds to death
The Sura of the Beneficent
from the Qur'an
weakness of whole plan was swearing on the Qur'an