SS.7.C.1.1 Recognize how Enlightenment ideas including Montesquieu's view of separation of powers and John Locke's theories of natural law and how Locke's social contract influenced the Founding Fathers.
Terms in this set (17)
Checks & Balances
a principle of the federal government, according to the U.S. Constitution, that allows each branch of government to limit the power of the other branches
Consent of the Governed
an agreement made by the people to establish a government and abide by its laws, the idea that government derives its authority from the people
a period in European history (1600-1700s) when many educated people stressed the importance of learning and reasoning; education was considered the key to understanding and solving society's problems
a person's ability to be free and independent
having an effect or impact on the actions, behavior, opinions, etc., of another or others
laws passed by government to protect natural rights
the belief that individuals are born with basic rights that cannot be taken away by governments; life, liberty, and property
Separation of Powers
the structure of the federal government, according to the U.S. Constitution, that sets up three branches with their own distinct powers and responsibilities
an implied agreement among the people of an organized society that defines the rights, duties, and limitations of the governed and the government
Enlightenment philosopher that advocated for a "social contract"; believed government powers are derived from the consent of the governed and government should exist to serve the people; people have natural rights to life, liberty and property.
Enlightenment philosopher that stressed the importance of moderate government; suggests that there should be 3 separate branches to check and balance each other
The first agreement for self-government in America. It was signed by the 41 men and set up a government for the Plymouth colony agreeing that they would form a simple government where majority ruled.
1215 document that listed the rights of English citizens and limited the power of the English monarch. Rights included trial by jury, no taxation without representation, protection of the law, and habeas corpus
A court order requiring a prisoner be brought before the court so that the court can determine whether the prisoner is being held legally.
State of nature
A place where there is no government , where people can do whatever they want and where their natural rights aren't protected.
Rule of Law
principle that the law applies to everyone, even those who govern
patriots who laid the groundwork for the U.S.; Individuals who played a major role in declaring U.S. Independence, fighting the Revolutionary War, or writing and adopting the U.S. Constitution.