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Psych final 4
Terms in this set (24)
1. Someone who displays an excessive/inappropriate fear of something specific may have
B. Rumination Theory
2. Patients with Major Depressive Disorder may suffer from an inability to distract themselves from negative life events, but rather perpetually re-live them over and over again. This is known as
A. Analysis of resistances
3. The following notes from a therapist would be an example of:
Patient has yet again checked his phone during the appointment and indicated the need to leave early due to an emergency. This is the second time he has done this when I ask about his relationship with his mother.
B. Humanistic psychologists
4. The therapeutic mirror technique is often used by
A. Self-fulfilling prophecy
5. When we act in response to the expectations of another person, we are exhibiting
6. Stressful experience can stimulate the release of ______ from the adrenal glands
7. Generally speaking, humanistic psychologists believe that psychological disorders arise from incongruence between actual self and _____________________________.
8. ____________________________ Spectrum Disorder is a developmental disorder characterized by physical, learning, language, and behavioral impairments.
9. _____________________________ desensitization is a form of systematic desensitization, in which patients are actually exposed to the events/images that are causing their symptoms.
10. Individuals who exhibit the Self-Serving Bias attribute their own success to ____________________________ and failure to the situation.
11. When an individual performs better in the presence of others (particularly with simple and well learned tasks), they are showing social _____________________________.
Post traumatic stress disorder / PTSD
12. __________________________________________ is characterized by a prolonged physiological and psychological reaction to an extremely stressful event.
14. Obsessions- constantly worrying about contaminated foods or medications
Compulsions- feeling the need to step on every crack or gum stain on shoes
14. Give two examples of symptoms (one from each category) displayed by patients with obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD).
15. Unconditional positive regard is showing a client or patient support and acceptance regardless of what they say. Its used by humanistic psychologists
15. What is unconditional positive regard? What types of therapists use it?
Its cheaper and makes everyone feel safer knowing someone else has problems too
16. What are some advantages to group therapy?
it is a social schema
17. What is a stereotype? When is it most often used?
The Social Readjustment Rating Scale has 51 life events that have a score associated with each, giving an indication of the amount of readjustment needed. An individuals score is calculated by summing the numbers for each of the life events they have encountered in the past year. A score of 300 or higher indicates a huge risk for developing a serious health problem
18. Explain how the Social Readjustment Rating Scale is scored and what the score means.
13. What are the three general factors used to indicate if someone has a psychological disorder?
First is the alarm reaction, when the body prepares to cope with a stressor and triggers the sympathetic nervous system. Next is the stage of resistance, when the body becomes more resistant to the stressor, though this will decline over time and then could lead to death
24. Explain the stages of general adaptation syndrome
23. Conformity involves acting in accordance with real or imagined group pressure.
23. Describe a study that shows how influence in the form of conformity can affect our behavior.
Proximity- the closer you physically are to someone, the more likely you are to like them.
Familiarity- the more time you spend with someone the more you like them.
Physical attractiveness- we like people who are more attractive. We have an innate idea of what is beautiful (generally symmetrical faces) and this tends to be true across cultures.
Similarity- although some might say "opposites attract" more often, people like people who are similar to themselves especially in regard to activity preferences.
Self-disclosure- we tend to like people who share as much information about themselves as we share with them. Additionally, it is important that the info is shared in a gradual manner.
22. Explain the factors that determine whether we like someone else or not
A stands for activating event,
B stands for irrational beliefs
C stands for emotional consequence
21. Explain the ABCs of Rational Emotive Behavior Therapy.
19. Psychonalyst- the patient may have a fixation at the anal stage. As a child they may have had a difficult time during toilet training.
Cognitive- the patient has an exaggerated perception of something in their environment
19. Compare the perspectives that two different psychologists from two different schools of psychology may have on the causes of obsessive-compulsive disorder.
Patients with MDD display changes in neurotransmitters such as glutamate, serotonin and norepinephrine. Additionally, severely depressed patients have smaller hippocampi than healthy patients. There are also genetic contributions. There is a higher concordance rate of MDD among identical twins compared to fraternal twins.
20. You have a family member that says depression is just a made up disease and believes that there is no biological basis for it. What evidence from the biopsychological school of psychology would you use to refute this point?
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