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13 terms

Spanish sequence of tenses

The following Spanish sequence of tenses are the most usual combinations.
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Main clause in present indicative, subordinate clause in: present subjunctive
Me gusta que hable. (I'm glad that she's talking.)
Main clause in present indicative, subordinate clause in: present subjunctive
Quiero que bailes. (I want you to dance.)
Main clause in present indicative, subordinate clause in: perfect subjunctive
Me gusta que hayas hablado. (I'm glad that you've spoken.)
Main clause in present indicative, subordinate clause in: imperfect subjunctive
Es imposible que lo dijera. (It's impossible that he said it.)
Main clause in future, subordinate clause in: present subjunctive
Será imposible que vayamos mañana. (It will be impossible for us to go tomorrow.)
Main clause in conditional, subordinate clause in: imperfect subjunctive
No me gustaría que lo compraras. (I wouldn't like for you to buy it.)
Main clause in perfect conditional, subordinate clause in: imperfect subjunctive
No me habría gustado que lo compraras. (I wouldn't have liked for you to buy it.)
Main clause in present perfect, subordinate clause in: present subjunctive
Le he dicho que se siente. (I've told you to sit down.)
Main clause in present perfect, subordinate clause in: perfect subjunctive
Ha sido un milagro que no te hayan reconocido. (It's been a miracle that they didn't recognize you.)
Main clause in present perfect, subordinate clause in: imperfect subjunctive
No ha sido posible que fuéramos. (It hasn't been possible for us to go.)
Main clause in imperfect, preterite or pluperfect, subordinate clause in: imperfect subjunctive
No era (fue) [había sido] posible que fuéramos. (It wasn't [hadn't been] possible for us to go.)
Main clause in imperfect, preterite or pluperfect, subordinate clause in: pluperfect subjunctive
Me sorprendía (sorprendió) [había sorprendido] que hubiera protestado. (It surprised [had been surprised] me that he had protested.)
Main clause in imperative, subordinate clause in: present subjunctive
Díganles que se den prisa. (Tell them to hurry.)