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5 Written questions

4 Multiple choice questions

  1. potentiate the effects of GABA, resulting in increased CNS depression; treat anxiety, sleep, seizures, muscle relaxation, alcohol withdraw, anesthesia, sedation and conscious sedation; prototype: lorazepam
  2. ambien; short term treatment of insomnia; take immediately before bed
  3. I. light sleep, muscles relax, brain waves are irregular and rapid; II. brain waves are larger than in stage 1, with bursts of electrical activity; III and IV. deep sleep, with even larger, slower brain waves called delta waves
  4. benzodiazepine; treats anxiety and insomnia; adverse: mild drowsiness, ataxia, confusion, resp disturbance, bradycardia; pt: can become tolerant and need larger doses, paradoxical excitement can occur, wide therapeutic index, avoid CNS depressants, short duration of action, larger half life in asians

4 True/False questions

  1. chloral hydratenonbarbituate hypnotic used to sedate and induce sleep; has adverse CNS effects

          

  2. Buspironelunesta; non benzo hypnotic for sleep- prevents waking during the night; GABA; the only sleep med approved for long term use

          

  3. ramelteonmelatonin receptor agonist; for difficulty falling asleep

          

  4. barbituatesnot related to benzos, treats anxiety, but action is not known. optimum relief within three to four weeks; short term therapy but no tolerance effect