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5 Written questions

4 Multiple choice questions

  1. sonata; sedative for sleep for up to 28 days, non benzo; can lead to dependency and rebound insomnia
  2. I. light sleep, muscles relax, brain waves are irregular and rapid; II. brain waves are larger than in stage 1, with bursts of electrical activity; III and IV. deep sleep, with even larger, slower brain waves called delta waves
  3. ambien; short term treatment of insomnia; take immediately before bed
  4. nonbarbituate hypnotic used to sedate and induce sleep; has adverse CNS effects

4 True/False questions

  1. barbituatesnot related to benzos, treats anxiety, but action is not known. optimum relief within three to four weeks; short term therapy but no tolerance effect

          

  2. eszopiclonelunesta; non benzo hypnotic for sleep- prevents waking during the night; GABA; the only sleep med approved for long term use

          

  3. lorazepambenzodiazepine; treats anxiety and insomnia; adverse: mild drowsiness, ataxia, confusion, resp disturbance, bradycardia; pt: can become tolerant and need larger doses, paradoxical excitement can occur, wide therapeutic index, avoid CNS depressants, short duration of action, larger half life in asians

          

  4. benzodiazepinespotentiate the effects of GABA, resulting in increased CNS depression; treat anxiety, sleep, seizures, muscle relaxation, alcohol withdraw, anesthesia, sedation and conscious sedation; prototype: lorazepam