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Nutrition Exam 3

Covers Chapter 7-9
STUDY
PLAY
Changing one's frame of mind related to weight control and nutrition is called
a) stimulus control
b) self-monitoring
c) chain-breaking
d) cognitive restructuring
d) cognitive restructuring
Using BMI is a way to estimate someone's weight status. Sometimes being overweight and being overfat equate well and the BMI is useful tool to determine if a weight loss regimen should be designed for the client. For which of the following individuals would BMI not be a good way to estimate their need to lose weight
a) a 40 year old female that does not exercise at all
b) performance athletes
c) a person with diabetes
d) all of the above
b) performance athletes
Martha is maintaining her current weight by eating 2500 kcalories per day. To lose 1 pound of fat per week, she would have to decrease her intake to how many kcalories per day?
a) 2200 to 2300
b) 1900 to 2000
c) 1500 to 1600
d) 1000 to 1200
b) 1900 to 2000
Which of the following is true about use of diet pills for weight reduction?
a) diet pills do not lead to long-term changes in weight and tend to have side effects
b) amphetamines are not addictive
c) Oral cholecystokinin is absorbed and suppresses hunger
d) diuretics lead to significant fat loss
a) diet pills do not lead to long-term changes in weight and tend to have side effects
The body's set point has been suggested to be
a) a weight to which the body closely regulates
b) one's desirable body weight
c) one's minimum body weight
d) the weight that is reached and maintained during mid life
a) a weight to which the body closely regulates
The best way to treat an underweight person is to advise him or her to
a) eat high-fat foods such as cream, cheeses, ice cream, and ground beef
b) stop exercising
c) eat kcalorie-dense foods higher in vegetable fat like nuts and seeds
d) eat high kcalorie foods at the beginning of a meal.
c) eat kcalorie-dense foods higher in vegetable fat like nuts and seeds
The EPA requires that municipal water supplies regularly test their water and report the results of their local water quality to their consumers at least ____.
a) every 6 months
b) once a year
c) every two years
d) every five years
b) once a year
An example of cognitive restructuring for weight control is
a) planning what to eat for breakfast
b) decreeing candy bars off limits
c) replacing eating reactions to stress with helpful relaxing alternatives.
d) keeping a food intake diary to identify triggers for eating.
c) replacing eating reactions to stress with helpful relaxing alternatives.
Which of the following is an important aspect of behavior modification used for weight control?
a) severely restricting intake after overeating
b) avoiding planned eating so you can be ready to handle spontaneous changes in the situation
c) recording eating behavior to identify situations that contribute to overeating
d) weighing at the same time each day
c) recording eating behavior to identify situations that contribute to overeating
As one fins his or her weight loss slowing during a weight control program, the best practice is to
a) restrict more food choices
b) reduce food intake to 1000 kcalories
c) go off the weight control program and take a break
d) increase physical activity
d) increase physical activity
Ann has been trying to reduce her caloric intake in order to lose weight slowly over time. For the past 5 weeks she has burned 200 more calories than she consumed each day. How many pounds should she expect to lose over the 5 week period?
a) 2
b) 4
c) 6
d) 8
a) 2
Android obesity is associated with a higher incidence of all the following except
a) heart disease
b) diabetes mellitus
c) hypertension
d) cancer
d) cancer
Which of the following statements does not describe one of the role of minerals in the body?
a) they make possible the transfer of nerve impulses
b) they are constituents of important body compounds
c) they provide 4 kcalories per gram
d) they help maintain water balance
c) they provide 4 kcalories per gram
How would you interpret the body mas index for a 45 year old women who is 1.4 meters tall and weights 165 kilograms?
a) the value does not exceed the value for which health risks begin
b) she is severely underweight for her height
c) this indicates significant obesity and high health risk
d) she slightly exceeds the value for which health risks begin.
c) this indicates significant obesity and high health risk
When attempting to use body fat content to define obesity, body fat above ___ for men warrants an obesity diagnosis.
a) 8%
b) 20%
c) 24%
d) 30%
c) 24%
The method for determining energy expenditure in which the amount of oxygen a person uses is measured is called
a) direct calorimetry
b) indirect calorimetry
c) thermocalorimetry
d) bomb calorimetry
b) indirect calorimetry
All of the following contribute to total energy expenditure except
a) basal metabolic rate
b) thermic effect of food
c) energy content of food
d) adaptive thermogenesis
c) energy content of food
Carol eats 1250 kcalories a day to lose weight. She is 40 years old. Carol has been walking briskly 60 minutes daily for the past 2 months. In her younger days she lifted weights, but she has lost considerable lean body mass over the years because of inactivity. Recently, Carol was diagnosed with hypothyroidism, which lowers metabolism. Which of the following factors increases Carol's energy output and promotes weight loss?
a) her 1250-kcalorie diet
b) her age
c) her loss of lean body mass
d) her walking routine
d) her walking routine
BMI is formula which requires data on:
a) height and weight
b) weight and % body fat
c) height and % body fat
d) % body fat and basal metabolic rate
a) height and weight
The best way to estimate the amount of water replacement needed after a workout/sporting event ect... is to weight yourself before and after the event and then drink ___ cups of water for every pound of weight lost.
a) 0.5-1.0
b) 1.5-2.0
c) 2.5-3.0
d) 3.5-4.0
c) 2.5-3.0
Which of the following is true about the forms of vitamin A?
a) retinoids are found mainly in plant foods
b) carotenoids are found mainly in animal foods
c) carotenoids can be converted to retinoids
c) carotenoids can be converted to retinoids
Most vitamin A is stored in the
a) kidneys
b) small intestine
c) liver
d) adipose tissue
c) liver
Which of the following is an antioxidant?
a) vitamin c
b) vitamin b6
c) biotin
d) niacin
a) vitamin c
Vitamin b12 is supplied almost entirely by
a) animal products
b) vegetables and fruits
c) intestinal bacteria
d) whole grain cerals and legumes
a) animal products
The best vitamin folate food sources include
a) rice and grains
b) milk and dairy products
c) leafy greens and beans
d) fruits and nuts
c) leafy greens and beans
Thiamin is distributed in small amounts in many foods. A nutrient-dense source of thiamin is
a) milk
b) pork
c) apple juice
d) orange and yellow vegetables
b) pork
Chlorination kills/destroys most pathogens that can cause water-bourne illnesses. One common exception is the organism _____, which is resistant to chlorination and needs to be eliminated from the water supply via procedures such as heat treatment, UV treatment, or the use of special filters.
a) salmonella
b) listeria
c) botulism
d) cryptosporidium
d) cryptosporidium
All of the following are characteristics of vitamin D except it
a) facilitates calcium absorption from the small intestine
b) is activated by the liver and kidney
c) causes the kidneys to excrete less calcium in the urine
d) prevents osteoporosis
d) prevents osteoporosis
Dark green or orange vegetables and/or fruits are recommended at least every other day to provide a source of vitamin
a) E
b) B6
c) A
d) D
c) A
Which vitamins is actually considered a prohoromone/hormone, but is also considered an essential nutrient because some people do not synthesize adequate quantities themselves?
a) Niacin
b) Vitamin C
c) Vitamin K
d) Vitamin D
d) Vitamin D
This vitamin, when consumed during pregnancy, can help prevent neural tube defects like spina bifida.
a) niacin
b) folate
c) riboflavin
d) b6
b) folate
Vitamin D is unique among the vitamins because
a) it is absorbed and transported via the lymphatic system
b) absorption requires bile and fat
c) it can be formed in the body by skin exposure to the sun
d) it can be stored
c) it can be formed in the body by skin exposure to the sun
Which of the following is NOT a major mineral:
a) iron
b) phosphorus
c) potassium
d) sulfur
e) magnesium
a) iron
Acquiring sufficient vitamin B12 from the diet may be a problem to vegans because
a) phytic acid in vegetables proteins may inhibit its absorption
b) they lack the R-protein in the stomach
c) it is mainly in animal products
d) deficiency may result from high intakes of legumes
c) it is mainly in animal products
Copper's function consist of all the following except
a) connective tissue formation
b) thyroid hormone synthesis
d) iron release from storage
c) hemoglobin formation
b) thyroid hormone synthesis
A severe iodide deficiency during early pregnancy may result in an infant afflicted with
a) scurvy
b) rickets
c) cretinism
d) xerophthalmia
d) xerophthalmia
The best zinc source is
a) meat
b) cheese
c) fruit
d) green vegetables
a) meat
The best-absorbed iron source is found in which of the following foods?
a) steak
b) broccoli
c) beans
d) plant oils
a) steak
Milk is a poor source of
a) vitamin D and vitamin C
b) iron and calcium
c) iron and vitamin C
d) vitamin A and protein
c) iron and vitamin C
We get most of the sulfur in our diet from
a) carbohydrates
b) water
c) fats and oils
d) proteins
d) proteins
Which type of food would be the highest in sodium (naturally higher in sodium, not due to the addition of salt)
a) nuts
b) milk
c) pork
d) vegetables
b) milk
Of the following, the best source of potassium is
a) spinach
b) milk
c) bread
d) tuna
a) spinach
Adult women need how much total water intake per day?
a) 1.5 liters
b) 2 liters
c) 2.7 liters
d) 3 liters
c) 2.7 liters
Water constitutes ___ percent of body weight.
a) 10-20
b) 50-70
c) 50-70
d) 75-95
c) 50-70
Water has moved out of the cell, due to the process of ___, because the concentration of water was ____ inside the cell than outside the cell.
Osmosis, higher
When trying to lose weight, their goal is usually to lose fat, while increasing lean muscle mass. In order to gain muscle mass, some individuals consume excess amounts of protein. The recommendation for protein for those trying to increase muscle mass vary from __ to __ grams of protein per kg of body weight ( mark the 2 that apply)
a) 0.6
b) 1.0
c) 1.7
d) 2.2
b) 1.0
c) 1.7
Using BMI criteria, individuals with BMI of ___ or greater are classified as obese.
30
The body controls the amount of water in various compartments by controlling ion movement and concentration. Ions are minerals that have electrical charge and are therefore called ____?
electrolytes
Identify the four fat soluble vitamins
Vitamins a, d, e, & k.
The newest substance that has been added to our list of essential nutrients is _____. This molecule is important as part of the neurotransmitter acetylcholine and as a component of phospholipids.
choline
Name one technique besides using calipers to measure skin fold thickness that is used to get an estimate of percentage body fat.
Underwater weighing
Proper nutrition is important for maintaining our overall health. Using the following image to refresh your memory identify the following. Identify the vitamin and mineral important in the process of blood clotting.
Vitamin: _______
Mineral: _______
Vitamin: K
Mineral: Calcium
Thiamin deficiency characterized by muscle weakness, loss of appetite, and nerve degeneration
Beriberi
Destruction of red blood cells
Hemolysis
Protein like compound produced by the stomach that is critical for vitamin B12 absorption
Intrinsic factor
Condition in which the retina cannot adjust to low amounts of light
Night Blindness
Anemia that results from lack of vitamin B12 absorption
Pernicious anemia
Results from severe niacin deficiency. Symptoms include dementia, diarrhea, and dermatitis
Pellagra
General loss or decrease in mental function
Dementia
Disease characterized by poor mineralization of newly synthesized bones caused by vitamin D deficiency
Rickets
Anemia that results from folate deficiency
Megablastic anemia
Disease process due to vitamin A deficiency, which can cause chronic eye dryness and eventually cause blindness
Xerophthalmia