25 terms

poly sci section 3

thomas beaumont
Which of the following does Article III establish?
the Supreme Court
In which of the following cases did the Supreme Court first claim the right of judicial review?
Marbury v. Madison
Which of the following represents the federal government in the Supreme Court?
solicitor general
The authority to be the first court to hear a case is which type of jurisdiction?
The ruling in which of the following cases struck down state-mandated segregation in public schools?
Brown v. Board of Education
Proponents of which of the following believe that judges should use their power broadly to further justice?
judicial activism
Through the power of __________, judges interpret and, when necessary, overturn actions taken by the legislative and executive branches of government.
judicial review
Alexander Hamilton believed that the judiciary would be the ____________ branch.
least dangerous
Which of the following is within the original jurisdiction of the Supreme Court?
controversies between the states
Which of the following is considered to be one of the judiciary's most important powers?
interpreting the Constitution
In court rulings, reliance on past decisions to formulate decisions in new cases is known as which of the following?
stare decisis
What type of law governs relationships between individuals and defines their legal rights?
The Fourteenth Amendment attempted to guarantee which of the following to former slaves?
citizenship rights
When did women win the guaranteed right to vote?
decades after black males won the right to vote
Which amendment to the Constitution guarantees all American women the right to vote?
In Regents of the University of California v. Bakke (1978), the Supreme Court determined that __________ were unconstitutional.
racial quotas
what did the Supreme Court determine was unconstitutional in Brown v. Board of Education?
segregation of schools
What is executive privilege?
the right to keep communications confidential to the presidency
According to the Constitution, how is the president supposed to be elected?
election through the Electoral College
Which presidential power gives the president the ability to control what happens inside departments and agencies during their terms and to shape the federal judiciary far into the future?
Presidents with high levels of __________ have an easier time influencing Congress, while those with low levels find influencing Congress more difficult.
public approval
Which of the following statements best characterizes the nature of the conflict between presidents and Congress?
The conflict is integral to the design of the Constitution, deliberately intended by the authors of the constitution.
Which of the following leadership abilities is critical to presidential success?
the ability to persuade members of Congress and the American public
Congress has the sole authority to declare war. True or False?
If Barack Obama wants to disapprove individual items within a spending bill rather than the bill in its entirety, he can use the line-item veto. True or False?