37 terms

Conservative Resurgence 1970s and 1980s

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Silent Majority
that group of "quiet honest hard-working middle class Americans who do their job, respect their country and support gov."; Nixon wants their votes in 1968 and 1972
Detente
A lessening of tensions between U.S. and Soviet Union. Besides disarming missiles to insure a lasting peace between superpowers
SALT I
Treaty signed in 1972 between the U.S. and the USSR. This agreement limited the number of missiles in each nation and led to the SALT II discussions and a slowdown of the arms race between the two countries.
Vietnamization
A war policy in Vietnam initiated by Nixon in June of 1969. This strategy called for dramatic reduction of U.S. troops followed by an increased injection of S. Vietnamese troops in their place. Peace with Honor
Fall of Saigon
Marked the end of the Vietnam War in April, 1975 when North Vietnamese invaded South Vietnam, forcing all Americans left to flee in disarray as the capitol was taken
War Powers Act
1973. A resolution of Congress that stated the President can only send troops into action abroad by authorization of Congress or if America is already under attack or serious threat.
EPA
Environmental Protection Agency
An independent federal agency established to coordinate programs aimed at reducing pollution and protecting the environment
Kent State
Kent State gained national attention on May 4, 1970 when an Ohio National Guard unit was call during a protest where the ROTC building was set on fire. Four students were killed and nine wounded.
Roe V Wade
The 1973 Supreme Court decision holding that a state ban on all abortions was unconstitutional. People have the right to privacy, which includes medical procedures.
Pentagon Papers
(RN), , a classified study of the Vietnam War that was carried out by the Department of Defense. An official of the department, Daniel Ellsberg, gave copies of the study in 1971 to the New York Times and Washington Post. The Supreme Court upheld the right of the newspapers to publish the documents.
Watergate
(RN), 1972, The events and scandal surrounding a break-in at the Democratic National Committee headquarters in 1972 and the subsequent cover-up of White House involvement, leading to the eventual resignation of President Nixon under the threat of impeachment, Ford becomes President
Phyllis Schlafly
Anti-feminist who led the campaign to defeat the ERA claiming it would undermine the american family
Wisconsin v Yoder
free exercise of religion not violation of compulsory attendance laws; Amish children do not have to go to school until they are 16---they may stop after the 8th grade
26th amendment
Lowered the voting age from 21 to 18
President Gerald Ford
the 38th President of the United States, serving from 1974 to 1977, and the 40th Vice President of the United States serving from 1973 to 1974. He became the only President of the United States who was never elected President nor Vice-President by the Electoral College.
Pardoned Nixon
President Ford pardoned Nixon which means to forgive or excuse someone, or to release the person from punishment
Stagflation
a period of slow economic growth and high unemployment (stagnation) while prices rise (inflation)
OPEC Oil Boycott
During the 1973 Arab-Israeli War, Arab members of the Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries (OPEC) imposed an embargo against the United States in retaliation for the U.S. decision to re-supply the Israeli military and to gain leverage in the post-war peace negotiations.
Helsinki Accords
A conference in 1975 in which the thirty-five nations participating agreed that Europe's existing political frontiers could not be changed by force. They also solemnly accepted numerous provisions guaranteeing the human rights and political freedoms of their citizens.
Rust Belt vs Sun Belt
are used to informally define regions of the United States. The Rust Belt (or Factory Belt) area is a region that consists of areas in the Midwestern and Northeastern United States. The Sun Belt consists of the warm climate states that make up the Southern third of the Continental United States and were characterized by being economically boosted by chemical, electronic, agricultural, aerospace, and oil industries.
President Jimmy Carter
39th President of the United States during the Camp David Accords, negotiated with Began and Sadat for peace, dealt with Stagflation, and Panama Canal issues
Community Reinvestment Act 1973
Requires banks to demonstrate their commitment to local communities through low-income lending programs and to provide annual reports to the public.
Camp David Accords
Carter helped negotiate the first signed agreement between Israel and an Arab country, in which Egyptian president Anwar Sadat recognized Israel as a legitimate state and Israeli prime minister Menachem Begin agreed to return the Sinai Peninsula
Panama Canal Treaty
1978 - Passed by President Carter, these called for the gradual return of the Panama Canal to the people and government of Panama. They provided for the transfer of canal ownership to Panama in 1999 and guaranteed its neutrality.
Iran Hostage Crisis
In November 1979, revolutionaries stormed the American embassy in Tehran and held 52 Americans hostage. The Carter administration tried unsuccessfully to negotiate for the hostages release. On January 20, 1981, the day Carter left office, Iran released the Americans, ending their 444 days in captivity.
President Ronald Reagan
40th President
1981-1989
Republican
heritage foundation
think tank for conservative values
Moral Majority
political organization established by Reverend Jerry Falwell in 1979 to advance religious goals; brought together the religious right groups
Billy Graham
United States evangelical preacher famous as a mass evangelist (born in 1918); refused to join the Moral Majority, saying: "Evangelists cannot be closely identified with any particular party or person. We have to stand in the middle in order to preach to all people, right and left."
Reaganomics
Reagan's economic policy; tax cuts, arms build up, budget cuts
Sandra Day O'Connor
First female Supreme Court Justice; appointed by Ronald Reagan in 1981.
Mazzoli-Simpson Act
"legalized" illegal aliens who had lived continuously in the U.S. since 1981 passed by Reagan
Reagan Doctrine
the belief that Communism should be stopped before it can attack and enslave a country
Peace through Strength
a phrase which suggests that military power can help preserve peace.
Strategic Defense Initiative
Reagan's Star Wars defense system to shoot down missiles while they're in space
Iran-Contra Affair
1986 scandal in which the US sold weapons to Iran and gave money to the Contra rebels in Nicaragua
Mikhail Gorbachev
Soviet leader of the 1980s who worked with Reagan to end the Cold War

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